第一节: 阅读理解 （共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分）
When several people look at the same person, it is not unusual for each of them to see different things; when you are alone observing one behavior or a person at two different times, you may see different things. The followings are but some of the factors that lead to these varying perceptions(感知,认识): ks5u
(1) Each person’s perceptions of others are formed by his or her own cultural conditioning, education, and personal experiences.ks5u
(2) Sometimes perceptions differ because of what we choose to observe and how we deal with what’ve observed. It is not necessarily true that person perception is based on observations of a particular person. Your observations may be totally controlled by what others have told you about this person; or you may focus primarily on the situation or role relationship. Most people do not use the same standard to measure their parents, their friends, and strangers.
(3) Sometimes we see only what we want to see or don’t see what may be obvious to others because of our own needs, desires, or temporary emotional states. This is a process known as selective perception. Selective perception is obviously more difficult when contradictory information is particularly obvious, but it can be done. We can ignore the stimulus——“He’s basically a good boy so what I saw was not shoplifting(入店行窃).” We can reduce the importance of the contradictory information ——“All kids get into mischief(顽皮). Taking a book from a bookstore isn’t such a big deal.” We can change the meaning of the contradictory information--- “It wasn’t shoplifting because he was going to pay for it later.”…
26. The first factor given by the author that affects our perception is _____.
A. our hearing and visual abilities
B. cultural background and personal experiences
C. the experience one learns from others
D. critical measures taken by other people
27. While observing a particular person,________.
A. one is likely to take all aspects into consideration
B. one pays more attention to his/her advantages
C. children often differ from grown-ups in perception
D. one tends to choose certain aspects to look at
28. Observation of the same person by two people at the same time may differ because _____.
A. they follow different standards
B. either of them may be slow to catch information
C. the time for observation is not long enough
D. each of them uses different language to express his/her impressions
29. The underlined word “stimulus” in Paragraph 4 refers to _____.
A. something attractive ks5u
B. selective perception
C. contradictory information
30. The worst thing in selective perception is that ______.
A. the information received runs against your desire
B. facts can be twisted or totally ignored
C. importance of the contradictory information can be overrated (估计过高)
D. misbehaved children may not be punished
One year our family decided to have a special celebration of Mother’s Day, as a token of appreciations for all the sacrifices that Mother had made for us. After breakfast we had arranged, as a surprise, to hire a car and take her for a beautiful drive in the country. Mother was rarely able to have a treat like that, because she was busy in the house nearly all the time.
But on the very morning of the day, we changed the plan a little, because it occurred to Father that it would be even better to take Mother fishing. As the car was hired and paid for, we might as well use it to drive up into the hills where the streams are. As Father said, if you just go driving without object, you have a sense of aimlessness, but if you are going to fish there is a definite purpose that heightens the enjoyment.
So we all felt it would be nicer for Mother to have a definite purpose . Father had just got a fishing rod the day before, which he said mother could use if she wanted to. Only Mother said she would much rather watch him fish than try to fish herself.
So we got her to make up a sandwich lunch in case we got hungry, though we were to come home again to a big festive dinner.
Well, when the car came to the door, it turned out that there was not as much space in it as we had supposed. It was plain that we couldn’t all get in.
Father said that he could just stay home and put in the time working in the garden. He said that there was a lot of rough dirty work that he could do, like digging a trench for the garbage, which would save hiring a man, and so he said that he’d stay home; he said that we were not to let the fact that he had not had a real holiday for three years stand in our way. He wanted us to go right ahead and not to mind him.
But of course we all felt that it would never do to let Father stay home, especially as we knew he would make trouble if he did. The two girls, Anne and Mary, would have stayed and helped the maid get dinner, only it seemed such a pity,for the two girls were eager to show their new hats on a lovely day like this. But they said that Mother had only to say the word and they’d gladly stay home and work. Will and I would have dropped out, but unfortunately we wouldn’t have been any use in preparing the dinner.
31. The author’s family decided to celebrate Mother’s Day specially to _______.
A. show love for their mother
B. show gratitude to their mother
C. show respect for their mother
D. to make up for a previous appointment
32. According to Paragraph 2, we know that the plan was changed because________.
A. Father proposed to go fishing out
B. we thought that driving out is boring
C. we failed to hire a car to go out
D. the car was not big enough
33.What problem did we find when the car arrived?
A. The car was too old to drive on mountain roads.
B. The car was larger than we expected.
C. The car was too small to accommodate us all.
D. The car was too plain looking.
34.Why didn’t the author drop out of the activity?
Because his sisters didn’t join in.
Because he needed to have dinner.
C. Because he couldn’t cook the dinner.
D. Because he hadn’t had a real holiday for three years.
Which of the following proverbs describes the text best?
A. Everything comes to him who waits.
B. Changes always go beyond plans.
C. Better late than never.
D. Once on shore, one prays no more.