I was interested to read a newspaper article about a new concept in old people’s homes in France. The idea is simple, but revolutionary——combining a residential home for the elderly with a nursery school in the same building. The children and the residents eat lunch together and share activities. In the afternoons, the residents enjoy reading or telling stories to the children, and if a child is feeling sad or tired, there is always a kind lap to sit on and a cuddle(拥抱). There are trips out and birthday parties too.
The advantages are enormous for everyone concerned. The children are happy because they get a lot more individual attention, and respond well because someone has time for them. They see illness and death and learn to accept them. The residents are happy because they feel useful and needed. They are more active and more interested in life when the children are around and they take more interest in their appearance too.
Nowadays there is less and less contact between the old and the young. There are many reasons for this, including the breakdown of the extended family, working parents with no time to care for aging relations, families that have moved away, and smaller flats with no room for grandparents. But the result is the same——increasing numbers of children without grandparents and old people who have no contact with children. And more old people who are lonely and feel useless, along with more and more families with young children who desperately need more support. It’s a major problem in many societies.
That’s why intergenerational programmes, designed to bring the old and the young together, are growing in popularity all over the world. There are examples of successful attempts all over the world. Using young people to teach IT skills to older people is one obvious example. Using old people as volunteer assistants in schools is another, perhaps reading with children who need extra attention.
36. A nursery school is a place where _______.
A. future nurses are trained
B. the elderly live
C. children are taken care of
D. the old join in activities
37. Which is true according to the passage?
A. A number of assistants are employed to take care of the children.
B. The new concept benefits both the elderly and the children.
C. The children become stronger after getting more individual attention.
D. The children learn that sick people will die.
38. What is mainly talked about in Paragraph 3?
A. The reason why the old and the young are separated.
B. The support children need.
C. One reason why children don’t live with their grandparents.
D. The problem that the old and the young are separated.
39. What does the “intergenerational programmes” in Paragraph 4 refer to?
A. Combining elderly homes with nursery schools.
B. Letting the children and the residents eat together.
C. Asking young people to teach IT skills to older people.
D. Using old people as volunteer assistants in schools.
40. What is the best title for the passage?
A. Old people’s Homes in France
B. Building Bridges of Life
C. A Solution to the Elderly Problem
D. Children’s New Happy Life
As a group of young African immigrants struggle to adapt to life in the United States, an after-school drama program at White Oak Middle School aims to make their lives easier by first making them a little harder.
Project X is a program that uses drama, dance, poetry and other creative outlets to help students discuss the tough and sometimes painful problems they face as pre-teen immigrants with language barriers. A final unveiling of their creation will be performed for friends and family at the end of the year at Imagination Stage.
Wanjiru Kamau, coordinator of White Oak’s African Club said it’s important to give troubles to group members to help them find their place at the school. “It comforts those who are uncomfortable, and it discomforts those who are comfortable,” Kamau said of Project X.
Kamau teamed up with Imagination Stage after she noticed that many African students seemed uncomfortable talking about problems, such as being laughed at by their fellow students about how they look and talk. When most of the kids join the club, they speak little or no English, Kamau said. Each week, the club typically draws five to ten students who are originally from Africa for discussion sessions and the Project X programme.
“We are going to express ourselves through our words and our actions, and that’s powerful,” said teaching artist Meg Green as she introduced fill-in-the-blank poems the students wrote about their identities.
One student, Frank Ketchouang, 13, wrote, “I am from the world; I am love,” which drew oohs and aahs from the group. Ketchouang has been in the United States for less than a year, said Program Coordinator Chad Dike. When Ketchouang started attending Project X, he had been in the United States for two months and spoke no English. Now he’s one of the group’s most outgoing members and helps translate instructions from English to Creole for the group’s newest member, who is from Haiti.
Many people will give up when there’s a language barrier, “but these students prove them wrong”. Kamau said. “You do have something to give. You are important. When TV, media, etc. are bringing them down, this program is bringing them up.”
41. Project X is intended for helping the young African immigrants to_________.
A. get over language barriers
B. enrich after-school life
C. overcome tough problems
D. become more creative
42. How well the members learn in the Project X program is shown by_________.
A. their annual creative performances
B. their annual scores gained at school
C. the comments of friends and family
D. the comments of the program teachers
43. What do we know about the Imagination Stage?
A. It’s established by Kamau for Project X.
B. It’s a cooperative partner of White Oak’S African Club.
C. It’s a project designed by White Oak Middle School.
D. It’s operated once at the end of each year.
44. According to the author, what Franck Ketchouang wrote was______.
A. silly B. simple C. excellent D. contradictory
45. The passage is written mainly to_______.
A. introduce the Project X program
B. inspire immigrants to never give up
C. advocate White Oak’S African Club
D. call for more attention to immigrants