15. A. Fashionable clothes B. Self-discipline
C. Reference books D. Good companions
16. A. By changing the size of their school uniforms
B. By escaping schools
C. By performing worse at school
D. By behaving disruptively
Directions: In Part C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each
conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you hear. Write your answers on your
Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation:
Tom’s job title (17)_______
Time for appointment: (18)_______ tomorrow afternoon
Caller’s name: (19)_______
Mobile phone number: (20)_______
Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation:
What did the woman put on face last night? She put (21)______ on her face last night.
What are they used for? They can soften the skin, make your skin shiny, remove lines and (22)______.
What does the man advise the woman to do? He suggests the woman should go to (23)______
Why doesn’t the woman take the man’s advice? Because she thinks plastic surgery will do harm to our (24)______
Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary （26%）
Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
Even today there are a great many wrong ideas about food. Some of them are very widespread.
One such idea is that fish is the best brain food. Fish is good brain food (25) ____ ____ it is good muscle food and skin food and bone food. But no one has been able to prove that fish is any (26)______ (good) for the brain than many other kinds of food.
Another such idea is that you (27)______ not drink water with meals. Washing food down with water as a substitute (28)_______ chewing is not a good idea, but some water with meals has been found to be helpful. It makes the digestive juices flow more freely and helps to digest the food.
Many of the ideas which scientists tell us (29)______ (have) no foundation have to do with mixtures of foods. A few years ago the belief became general that orange juice and milk should never be drunk at the same meal. The reason given was (30)_______ the acid in the orange juice would make the milk curdle (凝结) and become indigestible. As a matter of fact, milk always meets in the stomach a digestive juice which curdles (31)______; the curdling of the milk is the first step in its digestion. A similar wrong idea is that fish and ice cream when (32)______(eat) at the same meal form a poisonous combination.
It’s one of our common beliefs that mice are afraid of cats. Scientists have long known that (33) ____ ____ a mouse has never seen a cat before, it is still able to detect chemical signals released from it and run away in fear. This has always been thought to be something that is hard-wired into a mouse’s brain. But recently Wendy Ingram, a graduate student at the University of California, Berkeley, (34)_______(challenge) this common sense. She has found a way to “cure” mice of their inborn fear of cats by infecting them with a parasite, reported the science journal Nature.
The parasite, called Toxoplasma gondii, might sound unfamiliar to you, but the (35)_______(shock) fact is that up to one-third of people around the world are infected by it. This parasite can cause different diseases among humans, (36)_______ pregnant women – it is linked to blindness and the death of unborn babies.
However, the parasite’s effects on mice are unique. Ingram and her team measured how mice reacted to a cat’s urine (尿) before and (37)______ it was infected by the parasite. They noted that normal mice stayed far away from the urine (38)_______ mice that were infected with the parasite walked freely around the test area.
But that’s not all. The parasite was found to be more powerful than originally (39)_______ (think) – even after researchers cured the mice of the infection, they no longer reacted with fear to a cat’s smell, which could indicate that the infection has caused a permanent change in mice’s brains.
Why does a parasite change a mouse’s brain instead of making it sick like it does to humans? The answer lies in evolution. Toxoplasma gondii can only reproduce inside a cat. So the parasite had to develop a way of tricking the mice into getting eaten more easily – thus (40)_______ (help) itself go inside a cat – by taking away mice’s sense of alarm.