高二英语教案:Unit11 Scientific achievements知识点总复习教案

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Section III 词汇、综合技能
14. Chinese history is filled with great achievements in science and technology. 中国的历史充满着科技方面的成就。(p.7 第一段 第1行)
with的复合结构。即with + 宾语 + 宾补
(1) He likes to sleep with the window open. (adj. 作宾补)他喜欢开着窗户睡觉。
(2) With her son away from home, she was worried. (adv. 短语作宾补) 由于她的儿子离家出走,所以她很担心。
(3) She came in with a baby in her arms. (介词短语作宾补) 她抱着孩子进来了。
(4) With the problem settled, we went on smoothly. (过去分词作宾补) 由于问题得到解决,我们进展顺利。
(5) With a local guide leading the way, we got there easily. (现在分词短语作宾补) 由于当地向导带路,我们很容易到了那儿。
(6) With her husband to help her, she worked it out. (不定式作宾补) 由于她丈夫帮助她,她解决了这个问题。
注意:with的复合结构既可以作状语,又可以作定语。
15. In 1995, the Chinese government put forward a plan for “rejuvenating the nation by relying on science and education”… 1995年,中国政府提出了“科教兴国”的规划。(p.7 第一段4-5行)
1) put forward: (1) 提出(意见、建议) He put forward a better plan. 他提出了一个更好的计划。(2) 推荐,提名 Shall we put her forward as the candidate for chair- man of the committee? 我们提名她为委员会主席的候选人好吗?
拓展:put in打断;插嘴,进港; put off推迟;延期; put on穿;上演; put away放好; put down写下; put on weight发福; put out生产、扑灭
2) rely vi. (与on,upon连用): (1) 依靠;依赖 rely on one's own efforts 依靠自己的努力(2) 信任;信赖 depend on with confidence You may rely on me. 你可以信赖我。
辨析:rely与depend
rely 指“在过去经验的基础上,依赖、相信某人或某事物,希望从中得到支持或帮助”。如:He can be relied On to keep secret. 相信他能保密。
depend 指“出于信赖而依靠他人或他物,以取得支持或帮助,这种信赖可能有过去的经验或了解为根据,也可能没有”。如:He can depend on his wife for sympathy. 他相信妻子会同情他。英语
16. When you are writing to persuade the reader,… 当你在写 almost persuaded of his honesty. 我几乎相信他是诚实的。英语 (3) vi. 被说服The boy persuades easily. 这孩子听劝。
辨析:persuade,convince 与 advise
persuade和convince意思均为“说服”;前者着重情感上的“敦促,劝告”,后者着重理智上的“辩论、证明”,两者结构相同,即:persuade (或convince) sb. that... ; persuade (或convince sb. of sth. )
而advise只表“劝说”,而不强调其结果如何。He advised her to go, but she didn't. = He tried to persuade her to go, but she didn’t. 他建议她去,可她没去。Finally they were persuaded to give up their foolish plans. 最后总算说服了他们放弃了他们愚蠢的计划。英语
拓展:persuade sb. to do sth. = persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事; try/want to persuade sb. to do sth. 试图说服某人做某事; advise sb. to do sth. 劝说某人做某事

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