高考英语阅读真题训练:科普小品类(4)

所属专题:高考英语阅读真题训练  来源:互联网    要点:高考英语阅读理解  
编辑点评: 本系列为大家汇总了高考英语第二轮复习的专项阅读训练,分几块内容为大家奉献模拟题与高考真题,并附上答案,使大家的阅读从各个方面得到提高。

Think about the different ways that people use the wind.You can use it to fly a kite or to sail a boat.Wind is one of our cleanest and richest power sources (来源), as well as one of the oldest.Evidence shows that windmills (风车) began to be used in ancient Iran back in the seventh century BC.They were first introduced to Europe during the 1100s, when armies returned from the Middle East with knowledge of using wind power.

For many centuries, people used windmills to grind (磨碎) wheat into flour or pump water from deep underground.When electricity was discovered in the late 1800s, people living in remote areas began to use them to produce electricity.This allowed them to have electric lights and radio.However, by the 1940s when electricity was available to people in almost all areas of the United States, windmills were rarely used.

During the 1970s, people started becoming concerned about the pollution that is created when coal and gas are burned to produce electricity.People also realized that the supply of coal and gas would not last forever.Then, wind was rediscovered, though it means higher costs.Today, there is a global movement to supply more and more of our electricity through the use of wind.

1.From the text we know that windmills ________.

A.were invented by European armies

B.have a history of more than 2,800 years

C.used to supply power to radio in remote areas

D.have rarely been used since electricity was discovered

2.What was a new use for wind power in the late 19th century?

A.Sailing a boat.

B.Producing electricity.

C.Grinding wheat into flour.

D.Pumping water from underground.

3.One of the reasons wind was rediscovered in the 1970s is that ________.

A.wind power is cleaner

B.it is one of the oldest power sources

C.it was cheaper to create energy from wind

D.the supply of coal and gas failed to meet needs

4.What would the author probably discuss in the paragraph that follows?

A.The advantages of wind power.

B.The design of wind power plants.

C.The worldwide movement to save energy.

D.The global trend towards producing power from wind.

答案与解析

1.C 细节理解题。根据第二段的“When electricity was discovered in the late 1800s, people living in remote areas began to use them to produce electricity. This allowed them to have electric lights and radio.”可推出,C项符合题意。

2.B 细节理解题。根据第二段的“When electricity was discovered in the late 1800s, people living in remote areas began to use them to produce electricity.”可知,B项符合题目要求。

3.A 细节理解题。根据第三段的“people started becoming concerned about the pollution that is created when coal and gas are burned to produce electricity”可知,A项符合题意。

4.D 推理判断题。第三段最后已提出现在全球已越来越多地使用风力发电,所以下一段应该要进一步推广使用风力发电,这是一种总体的能源发展趋势。故D项正确。

>>点击查看高考英语阅读真题训练专题,阅读更多相关文章!

最新2019高考英语阅读理解信息由沪江高考资源网提供。

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: