第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节，满分45分)
第一节 单项填空 (共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分)
21. [2013·江苏卷] —Thank you for the flowers.
—________．I thought they might cheer you up.
A．That's right B．All right
C．I'm all right D．It's all right
22. [2013·浙江卷] People develop ________ preference for a particular style of learning at ________ early age and these preferences affect learning.
A. a; an B. a; /
C. /; the D. the; an
23．[2013·湖南卷] Around two o'clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream. It somewhat ________ us.
A. bothers B. had bothered
C. would bother D. bothered
24. [2013·天津卷] In some languages，100 words make up half of all words ________ in daily conversations.
A. using B. to use
C．having used D．used
25． [2013·江西卷] She ________ the carpet with some very nice curtains in colour.
A. connected B. fitted
C. equipped D. matched
26．[2013·新课标全国卷Ⅰ] At the last moment, Tom decided to ________ a new character to make the story seem more likely.
A. put up B. put in
C. put on D. put off
27. [2013·重庆卷] —What are you doing this Saturday?
—I'm not sure, but I ________ go to the Rolling Stones concert.
28． [2013·北京卷] If we ________ a table earlier, we wouldn't be standing here in a queue.
A. have booked B. booked
C. book D. had booked
29. [2013·浙江卷] It will be a big help if you go to the store and get what we need for dinner. ________， I'll set the table.
A. As a result B. On the whole
C. In the meanwhile D. As a matter of fact
30. [2013·重庆卷] ________ we have enough evidence, we can't win the case.
A．Once B．As long as
31. [2013·山东卷] —Oh no! We're too late. The train ________．
—That's OK. We'll catch the next train to London.
A. was leaving B. had left
C. has left D. has been leaving
32. [2013·陕西卷] It remains to be seen ________ the newly formed committee's policy can be put into practice.
33. [2013·山东卷] Finally he reached a lonely island ________ was completely cut off from the outside world.
A. when B. where
C. which D. whom
34. [2013·辽宁卷] At no time ________ the rules of the game. It was unfair to punish them.
A．they actually broke
B．do they actually break
C．did they actually break
D．they had actually broken
35．[2013·北京卷] Experts believe ________ people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary.
A. why B. where
C. that D. what
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项A、B、 C和D中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Zigfried, a little mouse, blew his breath on the frosty window of the farmhouse and rubbed it to see the outside. Still nobody came. Maybe today, he thought __36__ .It was only a few days before Christmas and he was watching for a miracle (奇迹)．
This farmhouse had been __37__ too long. It needed a family. Zigfried's __38__ made a noise. He realized that he hadn't eaten anything since yesterday. He jumped from the windowsill (窗沿), grabbed a __39__ from his home, and went next door to Farmer Mike's.
Farmer Mike's house had been a great place for the little mouse __40__ the farmer married a wife who had a cat. Zigfried __41__ when he thought of it. He looked around cautiously as he __42__ into the room where grain was stored and was quite __43__ as he filled his bag with wheat. He was turning to leave when suddenly he __44__ a hot breath about his ear. His heart beat __45__ , and without thinking he started to run and luckily __46__ the cat's paws (爪子)．
The next afternoon Zigfried heard some good news: a __47__ family would be moving into the farmhouse soon. Zigfried's granny would arrive on Christmas Eve to __48__ with him. He hoped that the family would come before his granny came. Before long, a car came __49__ the road leading to the house, with butter sandwiches, cheese and chocolate.
Zigfried's Christmas miracle did arrive!
The house came __50__ the next few days. Zigfried __51__ every single hour of them. __52__， the day before Christmas when he was drinking hot chocolate with a __53__ smile at the door of his home, he heard the __54__ of the children of the family about what they might get for Christmas. What? A cat? The __55__ froze on his face; his mouth fell wide open. After a long while, he at last found his voice: “Hey! Whose Christmas miracle is this？”
36．A. carefully B．excitedly C．hopefully D．proudly
37．A. shabby B．noisy C．messy D．empty
38．A. mouth B．nose C．stomach D．throat
39．A. bag B．stick C．bowl D．coat
40．A. although B．until C．whereas D．unless
41．A. leapt B．sniffed C．trembled D．withdrew
42．A. broke B．marched C．paced D．stole
43．A. curious B．nervous C．pitiful D．sensible
44．A. took B．released C．felt D．drew
45．A. strongly B．irregularly C．slowly D．wildly
46．A. escaped B．seized C．rubbed D．scratched
47．A. close B．happy C．new D．young
48．A. celebrate B．communicate C．compete D．compromise
49．A. across B．from C．off D．up
50．A. alive B．loose C．open D．still
51．A. counted B．enjoyed C．missed D．wasted
52．A. However B．Instead C．Moreover D．Therefore
53．A. bitter B．forced C．polite D．satisfied
54．A. introduction B．discussion C．comment D．debate
55．A. blood B．smile C．tear D．sweat
The light from the campfire brightened the darkness, but it could not prevent the damp cold of Dennis's Swamp (沼泽地) creeping into their bones. It was a strange place. Martin and Tom wished that they had not accepted Jack's dare. They liked camping, but not near this swamp.
“So，” Martin asked as they sat watching the hot coals. “How did this place get its name? ”
“Are you sure you want to hear it? It's a scary story，” warned Jack.
“Of course！” cried out Tom. “If there were anything to be scared of, you wouldn't have chosen this place！”
“OK, but don't say I didn't warn you，” said Jack, and he began his tale.
“Way back in time, a man called Dennis tried to start a farm here. He built that cottage over there to live in. In those days, the area looked quite different—it was covered with tall trees and the swamp was a crystal－clear river. After three hard years, Dennis had cleared several fields and planted crops. He was so proud of his success that he refused to listen to advice.”
“‘You are clearing too much land’， warned one old man. ‘The land is a living thing. It will hit back at you if you abuse it.’
‘Silly fool’， said Dennis to himself. ‘If I clear more land, I can grow more crops. I'll become wealthier. He's just jealous！’”
“Dennis continued to chop down trees. Small animals that relied on them for food and shelter were destroyed. He was so eager to expand his farm that he did not notice the river flowing slowly towards his door. He did not notice salt seeping to the surface of the land. He did not notice swamp plants choking all the native plants.”
“What happened? ” Martin asked. It was growing colder. He trembled, twisting his body closer to the fire.
“The land hit back—just as the old man warned, ” Jack shrugged. “Dennis disappeared. Old folks around here believe that swamp plants moved up from the river and dragged him underwater. His body was never found.”
“What a stupid story, ” laughed Tom. “Plants can't…” Before he had finished speaking, he screamed and fainted(晕倒). The other two boys jumped up with fright, staring at Tom. Suddenly, they burst out laughing. Some green swamp ivy (常春藤) had covered Tom's face. It was a while before Tom could appreciate the joke.
56．The underlined word “dare” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ________．
A. courage B. assistance
C. instruction D. challenge
57. Why did Jack tell Tom and Martin the story?
A. To frighten them.
B. To satisfy their curiosity.
C. To warn them of the danger of the place.
D. To persuade them to camp in the swamp.
58. Why did Dennis ignore the warning of the old man?
A. The old man envied him.
B. The old man was foolish.
C. He was too busy to listen to others.
D. He was greedy for more crops.
59. Why did Tom scream and faint?
A. He saw Dennis's shadow.
B. He was scared by a plant.
C. His friends played a joke on him.
D. The weather became extremely cold.
George Gershwin, born in 1898, was one of America's greatest composers. He published his first song when he was eighteen years old. During the next twenty years he wrote more than five hundred songs.
Many of Gershwin's songs were first written for musical plays performed in theatres in New York City. These plays were a popular form of entertainment in the 1920s and 1930s. Many of his songs have remained popular as ever. Over the years they have been sung and played in every possible way — from jazz to country.
In the 1920s there was a debate in the United States about jazz music. Could jazz, some people asked, be considered serious music? In 1924 jazz musician and orchestra leader Paul Whiteman decided to organize a special concert to show that jazz was serious music. Gershwin agreed to compose something for the concert before he realized he had just a few weeks to do it. And in that short time, he composed a piece for piano and orchestra which he called Rhapsody in Blue. Gershwin himself played the piano at the concert. The audience were thrilled when they heard his music. It made him world-famous and showed that jazz music could be both serious and popular.
In 1928, Gershwin went to Paris. He applied to study composition (作曲)with the well-known musician Nadia Boulanger, but she rejected him. She was afraid that classical study would ruin his jazz-influenced style. While there, Gershwin wrote An American in Paris. When it was first performed, critics (评论家)were divided over the music. Some called it happy and full of life, to others it was silly and boring. But it quickly became popular in Europe and the United States. It still remains one of his most famous works.
George Gershwin died in 1937, just days after doctors learned he had brain cancer. He was only thirty-nine years old. Newspapers all over the world reported his death on their front pages. People mourned the loss of the man and all the music he might have still written.
60．Many of Gershwin's musical works were ________．
A．written about New Yorkers
B．composed for Paul Whiteman
C．played mainly in the countryside
D．performed in various ways
61．What do we know about the concert organized by Whiteman?
A．It attracted more people to theatres.
B．It proved jazz could be serious music.
C．It made Gershwin leader of the orchestra.
D．It caused a debate among jazz musicians.
62．What did Gershwin do during his stay in Paris?
A．He created one of his best works.
B．He studied with Nadia Boulanger.
C．He argued with French critics.
D．He changed his music style.
63．Which of the following best describes Gershwin?
A．Talented and productive.
B．Serious and boring.
C．Popular and unhappy.
D．Friendly and honest.
Argentina in the late nineteenth century was an exciting place. Around 1870，it was experiencing an economic(经济的)boom，and the capital，Buenos Aires，attracted many people. Farmers，as well as a flood of foreigners from Spain and Italy，came to Buenos Aires seeking jobs. These jobs didn't pay well，and the people felt lonely and disappointed with their new life in the city. As the unhappy newcomers mixed together in the poor parts of the city，the dance known as the tango(探戈舞) came into being.
At the beginning the tango was a dance of the lower classes. It was danced in the bars and streets. At that time there were many fewer women than men，so if a man didn't want to be left out，his only choice was to dance with another man so that he could attract the attention of the few available women. Gradually，the dance spread into the upper classes of Argentinean society and became more respectable.
In Europe at this time，strong interest in dance from around the world was beginning. The interest in international dance was especially evident in Paris. Every kind of dance from ballet(芭蕾舞) to belly dancing could be found on the stages of the Paris theaters. After tango dancers from Argentina arrived in Europe，they began to draw the interest of the public as they performed their exciting dance in cafes. Though not everyone approved of the new dance，saying it was a little too shocking，the dance did find enough supporters to make it popular.
The popularity(流行)of the tango continued to grow in many other parts of the world. Soldiers who returned to the United States from World War Ⅰ brought the tango to North America. It reached Japan in 1926，and in 2003 the Argentinean embassy in Seoul hired a local tango dancer to act as a kind of dance ambassador，and promote tango dancing throughout South Korea.
64. The origin of the tango is associated with________．
A．belly dancers B．American soldiers
C．a Spanish city D．the capital of Argentina
65．Which of the following is true about the tango?
A．It was created by foreigners from Spain and Italy.
B．People of the upper classes loved the tango most.
C．It was often danced by two males in the beginning.
D．A dancer in Seoul became the Argentinean ambassador.
66．Before World War Ⅰ，the tango spread to________．
C．France D．South Korea
67．What can be the best title for the text?
A．How to Dance the Tango
B．The History of the Tango
C．How to Promote the Tango
D．The Modern Tango Boom
The oldest and most common source(来源)of renewable energy known to man, biomass is one of the most important forms of energy production in the United States and elsewhere. Since such a wide variety of biomass materials is everywhere—from trees and grasses to agricultural and city－life wastes—biomass promises to play a continuing role in providing power and heat for millions of people around the world.
According to the Union of Concerned Scientists(UCS), biomass is a kind of renewable energy source that produces no carbon dioxide(二氧化碳), because the energy it contains comes from the sun. When plant matter is burned, it gives off the sun's energy. In this way, biomass serves as a sort of natural battery(电池)for storing the sun's energy. As long as biomass is produced continuously—with only as much grown as is used—the “battery” lasts forever.
According to the Energy Information Administration, biomass has been one of the leading renewable energy sources in the United States for several years running through 2007, making up between 0.5 and 0.9 percent of the nation's total electricity supply. In 2008—although the numbers aren't all in yet—wind power probably took over first place because of the rapid development of wind farms across the country.
Producing power from biomass helps reduce some 11 million tons of carbon dioxide each year. Some homeowners also try to make their own heat by using biomass materials. Such practice may save homeowners' money, but it also produces a lot of pollution. So, the best way is to encourage power plants to use it.
68．Why is biomass considered as “a sort of natural battery”？
A．It burns merely plant matter.
B．It keeps producing electricity.
C．It stores the energy from the sun.
D．It produces zero carbon dioxide.
69．We learn from the text that in 2008 ________．
A．wind power could be the leader of renewable energy
B. there was a rapid growth of electricity production
C．biomass might become the main energy source
D．0.5～0.9% of power supply came from biomass
70．Why does the author encourage power plants to use biomass?
A．To prevent the waste of energy.
B．To increase production safety.
C．To reduce pollution.
D．To save money.
Being a volunteer
What can you do to help people? The answer is 一 to be a volunteer! 71_______
Help yourself by helping others
When you volunteer to help others, you are helping yourself. 72_______.Lots of people really enjoy volunteering. Doing volunteer work means one important thing: You make a difference in the world. So where do you start? 73_______
Things to do with family members
Volunteering is a great way to have fun with your family. Talk to your parents, brothers, or sisters and see what they might be interested in. Find something you all agree on. Here are some ideas for things you can do as a family like cleaning up a park and planting trees or flowers in your local community.
Invent your own opportunity
74_______ You can make and sell products, and donate the money to charity. Volunteering gives kids a taste of responsibility, Volunteering can also help kids learn important things about themselves — like what kinds of things they’ re best at A volunteer job can even help some kids decide what they want to do when they grow up. 75_______ Make a plan to start volunteering today!
A. School is a good place to start if you are looking for volunteer ideas. Ask a teacher for ideas.
B. Volunteering means to spend time helping others,
C. If you are upset, doing something can be a great way to calm yourself down,
D. Why not come?
E. So what are you waiting for?
F. Kids can come up with their own ways to raise money or provide needed services,
G. Clean up a school or other public buildings.
Dear Miss Zhang，
Your letter comes to us from the USA only yesterday. We read it with a great pleasure. I’m writing to you not only for myself and for the whole class. As you know it，I’m monitor of the class.
I’d like，first of all，express our thanks to you for your teaching. For the last 2 years，we have learning a lot from you. Thank to your help，we’ve made great progresses in our English study. We are determined to do still well in the future. We hope to hear from you as often as possibly. Good luck to you.
假设你校英语社团举办以“讲求文明，从我做起”为主题的征文活动，请你以“On the Way to School”为题，写一篇英语短文。
22．A 考查冠词。第一空a preference表示“一种倾向性的喜好”，用不定冠词a表示“一个，一种”的概念，同时have/develop a preference for sth.也可以看作是固定词组，表示“对某物的偏好，喜爱”；而第二空at an early age是固定词组，意为“在幼年时期”， 也表示“一个，一种”的概念。故选A项。
23．A 考查动词的时态。句意：每天晚上2点左右，Sue总会说梦话。这弄得我们有点儿烦。此处will是情态动词，意为“总会”。根据every night可知是“经常”发生的动作，因此用一般现在时。
24．D 考查非谓语动词。空格前的all words与use构成逻辑上的动宾关系，需用过去分词作后置定语。句意：在一些语言里，100个单词组成了日常会话里用的所有的单词的一半。
26．B 本题考查动词短语辨析。put up举起，张贴；put in 使……加入，使……进入；put on 穿上，上演；put off 推迟。句意：在最后一刻，汤姆决定添加一个新角色来使故事显得更加真实。根据题干中的more likely提示，汤姆决定“添加”一个角色，故B正确。
27．D 考查情态动词。由前面的I'm not sure 可知是不太确定，因此用might表示有可能。
29．C 考查介词短语辨析。句意：如果你能去商店买些我们晚餐需要的东西，那就太好了。与此同时，我也会摆好餐具的。空格处表示“同时，与此同时”的含义，所以用in the meanwhile。as a result意为“结果是……”；on the whole意为“总体上”；as a matter of fact意为“事实上”，都与语境不符，所以选C项。
33．C 考查定语从句。先行词是a lonely island，在定语从句中作主语。句意：最终他到达了一个孤岛上，这个孤岛与外界完全隔绝。
34．C 考查倒装。否定介词短语位于句首时，用部分倒装。后面“It was unfair to punish them.”中谓语是过去时，所以选C而不选B。
36．C 考查副词词义辨析。carefully 小心地；excitedly兴奋地；hopefully 满怀希望地；proudly自豪地。
37．D 考查形容词词义辨析。根据空格后的“It needed a family.”可知，这农舍已经空了很长时间了，故用empty。shabby 破旧的，衣衫褴褛的；noisy 吵闹的；messy 混乱的；empty空的。
38．C 考查语境理解。根据空格后的“…he hadn't eaten anything since yesterday.”可知他饿了，这自然是肚子里发出的声音。
39．A 考查语境理解。根据下文的“…as he filled his bag with wheat.”可知它从家里拿了一个袋子。
41．C 考查动词词义辨析。根据空格前的“…a cat…”知小老鼠一想到猫就吓得发抖。leap 跳跃；sniff 抽鼻子；tremble 发抖；withdraw退出，不参加。
42．D 考查动词词义辨析。根据空格前的cautiously知是Zigfried偷偷地溜进存放麦子的屋子。break打碎；march前进，行军；pace 踱步；steal偷偷地溜进。
43．B 考查形容词词义辨析。既然是来偷东西的，自然很紧张了。curious 好奇的；nervous 紧张的；pitiful 可怜的，令人同情的；sensible明智的。
44．C 考查语境理解。根据下文的the cat's paws知此处是感觉到了猫呼出的热气。
45．D 考查副词词义辨析。感觉到了猫的气息，小老鼠自然心跳加快。strongly强壮地，强烈地；irregularly 无规律地；slowly 慢慢地；wildly紊乱地，失控地。
46．A 考查动词词义辨析。空格前的luckily暗示小老鼠逃脱了猫，没被抓住。escape 逃跑；seize 抓住；rub 摩擦；scratch抓，划。
47．C 考查语境理解。根据空格后的“…would be moving into the farmhouse…”可知这所农舍要来一个新的家庭了。
48．A 考查动词词义辨析。根据空格前的Christmas Eve知小老鼠的奶奶要来和它一起过圣诞节。celebrate庆祝；communicate 交流；compete竞争，比赛；compromise折中，妥协。
49．D 考查动词短语辨析。come across偶然遇见，发现；come from 来自；come up走来，上前；come off成功，举行。
50．A 考查固定搭配。根据前文可知，新的家庭来了，整个农舍有了生气，热闹了起来。come alive 活跃起来，热闹起来。
52．A 考查连词词义辨析。空格后它听到孩子们在谈论圣诞节可能得到的礼物是猫，这与它的快乐的心情形成了强烈的对比，故用however。however 然而，却；instead 代替，而不是；moreover 此外，而且；therefore因此，所以。
53．D 考查形容词词义辨析。根据空格前它喝着热乎乎的巧克力可知，Zigfried对自己目前的生活感到很满意，因此它露出了满意的笑容。bitter痛苦的；forced 勉强的；polite 礼貌的；satisfied满意的。
54．B 考查名词词义辨析。句意：它听到了孩子们讨论圣诞节他们可能得到的东西。introduction 介绍，序言；discussion讨论；comment评论；debate争论，辩论。
【要点综述】 本文主要讲述了三个人在沼泽地附近露营以及Dennis's Swamp名字的由来。
56. D 考查词义猜测。由语境可知，他们去沼泽地野营应该是接受了杰克的挑战。
57. B 考查推理判断。根据第二、三、四段他们的对话可知，Jack多次警告他们这个故事吓人，但经不住他们的请求还是告诉他们了，可知讲这个故事并不是为了吓他们，而是为了满足他们的好奇心。
58. D 考查细节理解。由第八段“If I clear more land, I can grow more crops. I'll become wealthier. He's just jealous！”可知他想有更多的土地，种更多的庄稼，变得更富有，还认为老人在嫉妒他。由此可知他不听老人的劝告是因为他想种更多的庄稼。
59. B 考查细节理解。由最后一段倒数第二句“Some green swamp ivy (常春藤) had covered Tom's face.”可知他晕倒的原因是因为他被常春藤吓到了。
60．D 考查细节理解。从第二段的“Over the years they have been sung and played in every possible way—from jazz to country.”可知，乔治·格什温的音乐作品是以各种形式演唱或演奏的。故选D。
61．B 考查推理判断。根据第三段的“Gershwin himself played the piano at the concert. The audience were thrilled when they heard his music. It made him world－famous and showed that jazz music could be both serious and popular.”可知，这个音乐会充分证明爵士音乐流行的同时，也可以庄重、严肃。
62．A 考查细节理解。从第四段的第二句可知B项不正确；从第四段的“When it was first performed, critics were divided over the music.”可知，不是格什温与评论家争辩，故C项不正确；没有提到他音乐风格的改变，故D项不正确；从第四段的最后一句“It still remains one of his most famous works.”可知A项是正确的。
64．D 细节理解题。根据题干中“the origin of the tango”定位到第一段的内容，可知探戈起源于阿根廷首都，故选D。
65．C 推理判断题。根据题干中的关键词“tango”定位到文章第二段第三句“At that time, there were many fewer women than men, so if a man didn't want to be left out, his only choice was to dance with another man so that he could attract the attention of the few available women.”，因此可知C项正确。
66．C 细节理解题。根据题干中的关键词“Before World WarⅠ”定位到最后一段。探戈传到美国是第一次世界大战结束后，传到日本是1926年，传到韩国更晚。由此可知，答案A、B、D均不对。而从文章第三段可知，探戈传到法国应该是在第一次世界大战之前。故选C。
67．B 主旨大意题。根据题干中的关键词“best title”定位到文章的内容。由文章内容可知，文章首段讲述了探戈的诞生，接着讲述了探戈的传播，也就是说，全文讲述的是探戈的历史。故选B。
68．C 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“…because the energy it contains comes from the sun. When plant matter is burned, it gives off the sun's energy. In this way, biomass serves as a sort of natural battery for storing the sun's energy.”可知C正确。
69．A 推理判断题。根据第三段中的“In 2008—although the numbers aren't all in yet—wind power probably took over first place because of the rapid development of wind farms across the country.”可知，2008年风能占居首位。关键词定位：A项中的the leader of 和文中first place意思相同。
70．C 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Some homeowners also try to make their own heat by using biomass materials. Such practice may save homeowners' money, but it also produces a lot of pollution. So, the best way is to encourage power plants to use it.”可知C正确。
71-75 B C A F E
1. comes→ came。时态错误。
2. 去掉with后的a。with pleasure意为“愉快地，高兴地，十分愿意”。当它为可数名词时，意思是“乐事”。
3. and →but。not only…but (also)…为固定搭配，意思是“不但……而且……”。
4. 去掉 it。 as you know是非限制性定语从句，know的宾语是as，所以要删除多余的it。
5．express前加to。would like to do…是固定短语。
6. learning→ learned。for/in/during the last/past…years作时间状语时，句子中的谓语动词应该用现在完成时态。
7. Thank→ Thanks。thanks to幸亏，因为。
8. progresses→ progress。progress是不可数名词。
9. well→ better。
10. possibly→ possible。as…as possible尽可能地……
One possible version：
On the Way to School
These days, breaking traffic rules and littering are not uncommon, causing serious harm to life and the environment. Changing this situation requires considerable effort on the part of everyone. As for me, it should start on my way to school.
I will keep traffic rules in mind all the way. If I ride a bicycle, I'll always keep to the right and never cross a road until the traffic light turns green. If I walk, I'll never forget to use the pedestrian crossing. Meanwhile, I'll regard it as my duty to help keep our environment clean and healthy. Not only will I keep from littering and spitting anywhere, I will also help clean up the roadside litter whenever possible. I hope my behavior will make a difference.