2014届新课标地区高三上学期英语月考五(A卷)(附答案)

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[2013·湖北卷]

C

We've reached a strange—some would say unusual—point. While fighting world hunger continues to be the matter of vital importance according to a recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO), more people now die from being overweight, or say, from being extremely fat, than from being underweight. It's the good life that's more likely to kill us these days.

Worse, nearly 18 million children under the age of five around the world are estimated to be overweight. What's going on?

We really don't have many excuses for our weight problems. The dangers of the problem have been drilled into us by public-health campaigns since 2001 and the message is getting through—up to a point.

In the 1970s, Finland, for example, had the highest rate of heart disease in the world and being overweight was its main cause. Not any more. A public-health campaign has greatly reduced the number of heart disease deaths by 80 per cent over the past three decades.

Maybe that explains why the percentage of people in Finland taking diet pills doubled between 2001 and 2005, and doctors even offer surgery of removing fat inside and change the shape of the body. That has become a sort of fashion. No wonder it ranks as the world's most body-conscious country.

We know what we should be doing to lose weight—but actually doing it is another matter. By far the most popular excuse is not taking enough exercise. More than half of us admit we lack willpower.

Others blame good food. They say: it's just too inviting and it makes them overeat.Still others lay the blame on the Americans, complaining that pounds have piled on thanks to eating too much American-style fast food.

Some also blame their parents—their genes. But unfortunately, the parents are wronged because they're normal in shape, or rather slim.

It's a similar story around the world, although people are relatively unlikely to have tried to lose weight. Parents are eager to see their kids shape up. Do as I say—not as I do.

64.What is the “strange”point mentioned in the first sentence?

A.The good life is a greater risk than the bad life.

B.Starvation is taking more people's lives in the world.

C.WHO report shows people's unawareness of food safety.

D.Overweight issue remains unresolved despite WHO's efforts.

65.Why does the author think that people have no excuse for being overweight?

A.A lot of effective diet pills are available.

B.Body image has nothing to do with good food.

C.They have been made fully aware of its dangers.

D.There are too many overweight people in the world.

66.The example of Finland is used to illustrate ________.

A.the cause of heart disease

B.the fashion of body shaping

C.the effectiveness of a campaign

D.the history of a body-conscious country

67.Which would be the best title for the passage?

A.Actions or Excuses?              

B.Overweight or Underweight?

C.WHO in a Dilemma              

D.No Longer Dying of Hunger

       [2013·江苏卷]

                                  D

We've considered several ways of paying to cut in line:hiring line standers, buying tickets from scalpers(票贩子),or purchasing line-cutting privileges directly from,say,an airline or an amusement park. Each of these deals replaces the morals of the queue(waiting your turn)with the morals of the market(paying a price for faster service).

Markets and queues—paying and waiting—are two different ways of allocating things,and each is appropriate to different activities. The morals of the queue,“First come, first served,”have an egalitarian(平等主义的)appeal. They tell us to ignore privilege,power,and deep pockets.

The principle seems right on playgrounds and at bus stops. But the morals of the queue do not govern all occasions. If I put my house up for sale, I have no duty to accept the first offer that comes along, simply because it's the first. Selling my house and waiting for a bus are different activities,properly governed by different standards.

Sometimes standards change, and it is unclear which principle should apply. Think of the recorded message you hear,played over and over,as you wait on hold when calling your bank:“Your call will be answered in the order in which it was received.” This is essential for the morals of the queue. It's as if the company is trying to ease our impatience with fairness.

But don't take the recorded message too seriously. Today, some people's calls are answered faster than others. Call center technology enables companies to “score” incoming calls and to give faster service to those that come from rich places. You might call this telephonic queue jumping.

Of course,markets and queues are not the only ways of allocating things. Some goods we distribute by merit,others by need,still others by chance. However,the tendency of markets to replace queues,and other non-market ways of allocating goods is so common in modern life that we scarcely notice it anymore. It is striking that most of the paid queue-jumping schemes we've considered—at airports and amusement parks,in call centers,doctors' offices,and national parks—are recent developments, scarcely imaginable three decades ago. The disappearance of the queues in these places may seem an unusual concern,but these are not the only places that markets have entered.

68.According to the author,which of the following seems governed by the principle “First come,first served”?

A.Taking buses.    

B.Buying houses.

C.Flying with an airline. 

D.Visiting amusement parks.

69.The example of the recorded message in Paragraphs 4 and 5 illustrates   ________.

A.the necessity of patience in queuing    

B.the advantage of modern technology

C.the uncertainty of allocation principle 

D.the fairness of telephonic services

70.The passage is meant to   ________.

A.justify paying for faster services    

B.discuss the morals of allocating things

C.analyze the reason for standing in line 

D.criticize the behavior of queue jumping

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