2014届新课标地区高三上学期英语月考四 (B卷)(附答案)

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第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A﹑B﹑ C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

[2013·湖南卷]

Planning a visit to the UK? Here we help with ways to cut your costs.

AVOID BIG EVENTS Big sporting events, concerts and exhibitions can increase the cost of accommodation and make it harder to find a room. A standard double room at the Thistle Brighton on the final Friday of the Brighton Comedy Festival (19 Oct.) cost £169.15 at Booking.com. A week later, the same room cost £118.15.

If you can be flexible and want to know dates to avoid—or you're looking for a big event to pass your time—check out sites such as Whatsonwhen.com, which allow you to search for events in the UK by city, date and category.

STAY AWAY FROM THE STATION If traveling to your destination by train, you may want to find a good base close to the station, but you could end up paying more for the sake of convenience at the start of your holiday.

Don't be too choosy about the part of town you stay in. Booking two months in advance, the cheapest room at Travelodge's Central Euston hotel in London for Saturday 22 September was £95.95. A room just a tube journey away at its Covent Garden hotel was £75.75. And at Farringdon, a double room cost just £62.95.

LOOK AFTER YOURSELF Really central hotels in cities such as London, Edinburgh and Cardiff can cost a fortune, especially at weekends and during big events. As an alternative consider checking into a self-catering flat with its own kitchen. Often these flats are hidden away on the top floors of city centre buildings. A great example is the historic O'Neill Flat on Edinburgh's Royal Mile, available for £420 for five days in late September, with room for four adults.

GET ON A BIKE London's “Boris bikes” have attracted the most attention, but other cities also have similar programmes that let you rent a bicycle and explore at your own pace, saving you on public transport or car parking costs.

Among the smaller cities with their own programmes are Newcastle (casual members pay around £1.50 for two hours) and Cardiff (free for up to 30 minutes, or £5 per day).

56. The Brighton Comedy Festival is mentioned mainly to show big events may ________.

A. help travelers pass time

B. attract lots of travelers to the UK

C. allow travelers to make flexible plans

D. cause travelers to pay more for accommodation

57.“Farringdon” in Paragraph 5 is most probably ________.

A. a hotel away from the train station

B. the tube line to Covent Garden

C. an ideal holiday destination

D. the name of a travel agency

58.The passage shows that the O'Neill Flat ________.

A. lies on the ground floor

B. is located in central London

C. provides cooking facilities for tourists

D. costs over £100 on average per day in late September

59.Cardiff's program allows a free bike for a maximum period of ________.

A. half an hour

B. one hour

C. one hour and a half

D. two hours

B

[2013·广东卷]

While Jennifer was at home taking an online exam for her business law class, a monitor(监控器)a few hundred miles away was watching her every move.

Using a web camera equipped in Jennifer's Los Angeles apartment, the monitor in Phoenix tracked how frequently her eyes moved from the computer screen and listened for the secret sounds of a possible helper in the room. Her Internet access was locked—remotely—to prevent Internet searches, and her typing style was analyzed to make sure she was who she said she was: Did she enter her student number at the same speed as she had in the past? Or was she slowing down?

In the battle against cheating, this is the cutting_edge and a key to encourage honesty in the booming field of online education. The technology gives trust to the entire system, to the institution and to online education in general. Only with solid measures against cheating, experts say, can Internet universities show that their exams and diplomas are valid—that students haven't just searched the Internet to get the right answers.

Although online classes have existed for more than a decade,the concern over cheating has become sharper in the last year with the growth of “open online courses.” Private colleges,public universities and corporations are jumping into the online education field, spending millions of dollars to attract potential students,while also taking steps to help guarantee honesty at a distance.

Aside from the web cameras, a number of other high-tech methods are becoming increasingly popular. Among them are programs that check students' identities using personal information,such as the telephone numbers they once used.

Other programs can produce unique exams by drawing on a large list of questions and can recognize possible cheaters by analyzing whether difficult test questions are answered at the same speed as easy ones. As in many university classes,term papers are scanned against some large Internet data banks for cheating.

60.Why was Jennifer watched in an online exam?

A.To correct her typing mistakes.

B.To find her secrets in the room.

C.To prevent her from slowing down.

D.To keep her from dishonest behaviors.

61.The underlined expression cutting edge in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________.

A.advanced technique

B.sharpening tool

C.effective rule

D.dividing line

62.For Internet universities, exams and diplomas will be valid if ________.

A.they can attract potential students

B.they can defeat academic cheating

C.they offer students online help

D.they offer many online courses

63.Which of the following is the best title of this passage?

A.The Advantages of Online Exams

B.The High-tech Methods in Online Courses

C.The Fight Against Cheating in Online Education

D.The War Against the Booming of Online Education

[2013·湖南卷]

C

It's such a happy-looking library, painted yellow, decorated with palm-tree stickers and sheltered from the Florida sun by its own roof. About the size of a microwave oven, it's pedestrian-friendly, too, waiting for book lovers next to a sidewalk in Palm Beach Country Estates, along the northern boundary of Palm Beach Gardens.

It's a library built with love.

A year ago, shortly after Janey Henriksen saw a Brian Williams report about the Little Free Library organization, a Wisconsin-based nonprofit that aims to promote literacy and build a sense of community in a neighborhood by making books freely available, she announced to her family of four, “That's what we're going to do for our spring break!”

Son Austin, now a 10th-grader, didn't see the point of building a library that resembles a mailbox. But Janey insisted, and husband Peter unwillingly got to work. The 51-year-old owner of a ship supply company modified a small wooden house that he'd built years earlier for daughter Abbie's toy horses, and made a door of glass.

After adding the library's final touches (装点), the family hung a signboard on the front, instructing users to “take a book, return a book,” and making the Henriksen library, now one of several hundred like it nationwide and among more than 2,500 in the world, the only Little Free Library in Palm Beach County.

They stocked it with 20 or so books they'd already read, a mix of science fiction, reference titles, novels and kids' favorites. “I told them, keep in mind that you might not see it again,” said Janey, a stay-at-home mom.

Since then, the collection keeps replenishing (补充) itself, thanks to ongoing donations from borrowers. The library now gets an average of five visits a day.

 The project's best payoff, says Peter, are the thank-you notes left behind. “We had no idea in the beginning that it would be so popular.”

64.In what way is the library “pedestrian-friendly”?

A. It owns a yellow roof.

B. It stands near a sidewalk.

C. It protects book lovers from the sun.

D. It uses palm-tree stickers as decorations.

65.Janey got the idea to build a library from ________.

A. a visit to Brian Williams

B. a spring break with her family

C. a book sent by one of her neighbors

D. a report on a Wisconsin-based organization

66.The library was built ________.

A. by a ship supply company

B. on the basis of toy horses

C. like a mailbox

D. with glass

67.What can we infer about the signboard?

A. It was made by a user of the library.

B. It marked a final touch to the library.

C. It aimed at making the library last long.

D. It indicated the library was a family property.

[2013·北京卷] 

D

Tail Spin  

Two dolphins race around in a big pool in the Ocean Park. The smaller dolphin, Grace, shows off a few of her tricks, turning around and waving hello to the crowd. The most amazing thing about her, however, is that she's even swimming at all. She doesn't have a tail.

Grace lost her tail as a baby when she got caught up in a fish trap. When the dolphin arrived at the Ocean Park in December 2005, she was fighting for her life. “Is she going to make it?” Her trainer, Abbey Stone, feared the worst. Grace did make it—but her tail didn't. She ended up losing her flukes and the lower part of her peduncle.

Over the past six years, she has learned to swim without her tail. Dolphins swim by moving their flukes and peduncle up and down. Grace taught herself to move another way—like a fish! She pushes herself forward through the water by moving her peduncle from side to side.

The movements put harmful pressure on Grace's backbone. So a company offered to create a man-made tail for her. The tail had to be strong enough to stay on Grace as she swam but soft enough that it wouldn't hurt her.

The first time Grace wore the artificial tail, she soon shook it off and let it sink to the bottom of the pool. Now, she is still learning to use the tail. Some days she wears it for an hour at a time, others not at all. “The new tail isn't necessary for her to feel comfortable,” says Stone, “but it helps to keep that range of motion(动作) and build muscles(肌肉).”

Now, the dolphin is about to get an even happier ending. This month, Grace will star in Dolphin Tale, a film that focuses on her rescue and recovery. Her progress has inspired more than just a new movie. Many people travel from near and far to meet her. Seeing Grace swim with her man-made tail gives people so much courage.

68.When Grace first arrived at the Ocean Park, her trainer worried about her ________.

A. physical build

B. potential ability

C. chance of survival

D. adaptation to the surroundings

69.A man-made tail is created for Grace to ________.

A. let her recover faster

B. make her comfortable

C. adjust her way of swimming

D. help her perform better tricks

70.The story of Grace inspires people to ________.

A. stick to their dreams

B. treat animals friendly

C. treasure what they have

D. face difficulties bravely

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

(基础题)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Being a good student doesn’t mean you have to drop all social activities and dive into your books.It is still possible to have a healthy social life while getting good grades.__71__.Here is how you can achieve it:

Decide for yourself at the start of the term that you won’t let your schoolwork sweep you away.__72__

Write down your weekly schedule on a piece of paper.Chances are , you’ll have small gaps between classes during the week and more free time at the weekend.Make sure that every time you find yourself in one of those between-class gaps you use the time efficiently .__73__.

Set aside at least one large amount of time each week as free time.Keep in mind the law of diminishing returns (收益递减).Past a certain point more hours studying will be of little benefit.__74__ .Protect both your free time and your school time carefully .If one starts to infringe (侵犯) on the other that is just the beginning of a long, slippery downhill slope(斜坡).

___75___.This way, you can co-ordinate(协调) your free time with theirs.

Whenever possible, find social activities that take you off campus and away from your schoolwork.

A.Balance is the key .

B.Encourage your friends to follow a similar plan.

C.It is very important to be determined about this.

D.Try not to affect other’s time and just focus on your own.

E.You’re better off spending this time with friends.

F.You can spend more time on social life than on study.

G.Read a few pages of your school book or do some quick chores(杂活),for example.

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