2014届新课标地区高三上学期英语月考四(A卷)(附答案)

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第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A﹑ B﹑C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

[2013·重庆卷]

A

The morning had been a disaster. My tooth was aching,and I'd been in an argument with a friend. Her words still hurt:“The trouble with you is that you won't put yourself in my place. Can't you see things from my point of view?”I shook my head stubbornly—and felt the ache in my tooth. I'd thought I could hold out till my dentist came back from holiday,but the pain was really unbearable. I started calling the dentists in the phone book,but no one could see me immediately. Finally,at about lunchtime,I got lucky.

“If you come by right now,”the receptionist said,“the dentist will fit you in.”

I took my purse and keys and rushed to my car. But suddenly I began to doubt about the dentist. What kind of dentist would be so eager to treat someone at such short notice?Why wasn't he as busy as the others?

In the dentist's office,I sat down and looked around. I saw nothing but the bare walls and I became even more worried. The assistant noticed my nervousness and placed her warm hand over my ice-cold one.

When I told her my fears,she laughed and said,“Don't worry. The dentist is very good.”

“How long do I have to wait for him?”I asked impatiently.

“Come on,he is coming. Just lie down and relax. And enjoy the artwork,”the assistant said.

“The artwork?”I was puzzled.\

The chair went back. Suddenly I smiled. There was a beautiful picture,right where I could enjoy it:on the ceiling. How considerate the dentist was!At that moment,I began to understand what my friend meant by her words.

What a relief!

56.Which of the following best describes the author's feeling that morning?

A.Cheerful.

B.Nervous.

C.Satisfied.

D.Upset.

57.What made the author begin to doubt about the dentist?

A.The dentist's agreeing to treat her at very short notice.

B.The dentist's being as busy as the other dentists.

C.The surroundings of the dentist's office.

D.The laughing assistant of the dentist.

58.Why did the author suddenly smile?

A.Because the dentist came at last.

B.Because she saw a picture on the ceiling.

C.Because she could relax in the chair.

D.Because the assistant kept comforting her.

59.What did the author learn from her experience most probably?

A.Strike while the iron is hot.

B.Have a good word for one's friend.

C.Put oneself in other's shoes.

D.A friend in need is a friend indeed.

B

In my living room, there is a plaque (匾) that advises me to “Bloom (开花) where you are planted.” It reminds me of Dorothy. I got to know Dorothy in the early 1980s, when I was teaching Early Childhood Development through a program with Union College in Barbourville, Kentucky. The job responsibilities required occasional visits to the classroom of each teacher in the program. Dorothy stands out in my memory as one who “bloomed” in her remote area.

Dorothy taught in a school in Harlan County, Kentucky, Appalachian Mountain area. To get to her school from the town of Harlan, I followed a road winding around the mountain. In the eight-mile journey, I crossed the same railroad track five times, giving the possibility of getting caught by the same train five times. Rather than feeling excited by this drive through the mountain, I found it depressing. The poverty level was shocking and the small shabby houses gave me the greatest feeling of hopelessness.From the moment of my arrival at the little school, all gloom (忧郁) disappeared. Upon arriving at Dorothy's classroom, I was greeted with smiling faces and treated like a queen. The children had been prepared to show me their latest projects. Dorothy told me with a big smile that they were serving poke greens salad and cornbread for “dinner” (lunch). In case you don't know, poke greens are a weed-type plant that grows wild, especially on poor ground.

Dorothy never ran out of reports of exciting activities of her students. Her enthusiasm never cooled down. When it came time to sit for the testing and interviewing required to receive her Child Development Associate Certification, Dorothy was ready. She came to the assessment and passed in all areas. Afterward, she invited me to the one-and-only steak house in the area to celebrate her victory, as if she had received her Ph.D. degree. After the meal, she placed a little box containing an old pen in my hand. She said it was a family heirloom (传家宝), but to me it is a treasured symbol of appreciation and pride that cannot be matched with things.

60.“Early Childhood Development” in Paragraph 1 refers to ________.

A. a program directed by Dorothy

B. a course given by the author

C. an activity held by the students

D. an organization sponsored by Union College

61.In the journey, the author was most disappointed at seeing ________.

A. the long track B. the poor houses

C. the same train D. the winding road

62.Upon arriving at the classroom, the author was cheered up by ________.

A. a warm welcome

B. the sight of poke greens

C. Dorothy's latest projects

D. a big dinner made for her

63.What can we know about Dorothy from the last paragraph?

A. She was invited to a celebration at a restaurant.

B. She got a pen as a gift from the author.

C. She passed the required assessment.

D. She received her Ph.D. degree.

[2013·安徽卷]

C

When 19-year-old Sophia Giorgi said she was thinking of volunteering to help the Make-A-Wish Foundation (基金会),nobody understood what she was talking about. But Sophia knew just how important Make-A-Wish could be because this special organization had helped to make a dream come true for one of her best friends. We were interested in finding out more,so we went along to meet Sophia and listen to what she had to say.

Sophia told us that Make-A-Wish is a worldwide organization that started in the United States in 1980.“It's a charity(慈善机构)that helps children who have got very serious illnesses. Make-A-Wish helps children feel happy even though they are sick, by making their wishes and dreams come true,” Sophia explained.

We asked Sophia how Make-A-Wish had first started. She said it had all begun with a very sick young boy called Chris,who had been dreaming for a long time of becoming a policeman.Sophia said lots of people had wanted to find a way to make Chris's dream come true—so, with everybody's help, Chris, only seven years old at the time,had been a “policeman” for a day.“When people saw how delighted Chris was when his dream came true, they decided to try and help other sick children too,and that was the beginning of Make-A-Wish,” explained Sophia.

Sophia also told us the Foundation tries to give children and their families a special, happy time. A Make-A-Wish volunteer visits the families and asks the children what they would wish for if they could have anything in the world. Sophia said the volunteers were important because they were the ones who helped to make the wishes come true. They do this either by providing things that are necessary, or by raising money or helping out in whatever way they can.

64.Sophia found out about Make-A-Wish because her best friend had ________.

 A.benefited from it B.volunteered to help it

C.dreamed about it D.told the author about it

65.According to Sophia, Make-A-Wish ________.

A.is an international charity

B.was understood by nobody at first

C.raises money for very poor families

D.started by drawing the interest of the public

66.What is said about Chris in Paragraph 3?

A.He has been a policeman since he was seven.

B.He gave people the idea of starting Make-A-Wish.

C.He wanted people to help make his dream come true.

D.He was the first child Make-A-Wish helped after it had been set up.

67.Which of the following is true about Make-A-Wish volunteers?

 A.They are important for making wishes come true.

B.They try to help children get over their illnesses.

C.They visit sick children to make them feel special.

D.They provide what is necessary to make Make-A-Wish popular.

[2013·福建卷]

D

Pride and Prejudice for the Modern Woman

Let us imagine how Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen's most famous work, might be updated, 200 years on.

Austen's popularity is rooted in her intelligence. But today she would certainly have had a very different life, as would her characters. Here's my own suggestion…

It is a truth finally and universally acknowledged that a single woman with brains deserves to have equal opportunities to men, however disadvantaged she may feel by sexism.

“My dear husband,” said his hopeful wife one day, “have you heard that the local store, standing empty for so long, is taken over by a bright young businesswoman?”

Her dull and indifferent (漠不关心的) husband replied that he had not.

“But it is, it is,” she replied excitedly.

Mr Dull-Husband made no reply.

“Don't you want to know her plans?” she cried with some impatience.“Well, clearly you think it matters to your silly little head…so I'd better listen.”

“Well, my dear, the rumour (传言) is that she has already set up a string of successful businesses in northern England, though how_a_woman_can_know_anything_about_that_is_beyond_me. She will move in herself next month.”

“What is her name?”

“Bingley.”“Is she married or single?”

“What a question! And none of your business. But her coming will be a fine thing for our five boys.”

“How so? How can it possibly affect them?”

“My dear love: those lazy boys need something to wake them up. There are bound to be jobs going.”

“Is that her point in settling here? Surely as a woman she has simply taken a fancy to the place.”

“Nonsense, my love, how little you've noticed the world has changed. She's got a first-rate degree and some sort of business qualification, I'm told. She surely needs one of our boys! Perhaps you might give her a call.”

“Me? No. Perhaps you can take an interest. You still have your looks, after all. She may even offer you a job.”

“Oh, that's not likely. These new chances belong to the younger generation. But now you mention it, I think I'll go along all the same.”

And Mrs Bennet went along. That was 10 years ago. She is now managing director of a FTSE-listed company.

…It would remain the case, of course, that Mrs Bennet would be one of very few women on the company board, that her salary would be lower than her male colleagues, her bonus of a more “female” dimension and her lifespan (年限) among the city's business leaders shorter than theirs. Still, she'd no doubt have enjoyed Davos—and might even have hobnobbed (攀谈) with influential figures.

67.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A.Austen was born 200 years ago.

B.Austen rewrote Pride and Prejudice.

C.Austen's success lies in her wisdom.

D.Austen's updated work gains popularity.

68.The underlined part in the passage suggests that Mrs Bennet ________.

A.had mixed feelings of admiration and surprise about Bingley

B.felt kind of worried and doubtful about Bingley

C.was extremely anxious to meet Bingley

D.had a great curiosity about Bingley

69.In the eyes of Mrs Bennet, Bingley surely needed one of their boys to ________.

A. get married to B. work for her

C. help her move in D. take over her store

70.What does the writer intend to tell us?

A.Women with brains can also be as successful as men.

B.Women have to pay a high price for success.

C.A judgment must be made free from prejudice.

D.Sex discrimination still exists nowadays.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 

(基础题)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Time for a Brainstorm

A brainstorm is a session where a small group of people come together to solve a problem People voice spontaneous ideas, sometimes just shouting, and a note-taker writes them all down. 71 By getting different ideas out there, ideas are said to bounce off each other and even can help solve the problem at hand.Brainstorming is often a group exercise but individuals can also conduct personal brainstorms.

72 He defined it as using the brain to storm a creative problem and do so in commando (突击队) fashion, with each stormer attacking the same objective.According to him, it was easier to tone down a wild idea than think up a new one.He placed importance on the collection of as many ideas as possible and dismissed scientific thinking.

Brainstorming has become one of the most popular ways to solve problems and hold discussion in schools and businesses.Many students brainstorm for a group assignment or even for a personal essay.Sarah Grace, 24, is an Australian marketing analyst and uses brainstorming during all her creative duties.She thinks brainstorming is the best way to work as a team.The sessions get everyone on the same page, everyone moving together and with a clear understanding about the foundations of an event or idea. 73

However, a big problem with brainstorming is creating a mess that leads people further away from a solution. 74 If you don't have a strong moderator or leader of the brainstorm, can go really off track, and people just start discussing something totally different.Brainstorming can sometimes confuse the human brain. 75 If you brainstorm too much and your page is filled up with all the messy links, you can paint yourself into a bit of corner and get trapped with ideas You need to move past brainstorming as soon as you have something workable.

A.The ideas can be smart, strange or crazy.

B.It is caused by a lack of direction from a leader.

C.Brainstorming really helps her organize her thoughts.

D.Brainstorming really is the best way to build team spirit.

E.It can open too many doors and not suggest a clear direction.

F.Brainstorms were popularized in the 1940s by American advertising boss Alex Osborn.

G.They can be words, phrases, paragraphs and anything that can help answer the question.

71-75AFDBE

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