2014年北京海淀区高三第一学期期末英语试题及答案

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C

Dear David,

I’m glad you would like to share your feelings with me. It’s hardly surprising that your feelings of not being “grown up” have come on strongly at this point in your life, just before you’re about to become a father. You are asking: will I make a good father? How will I cope? Should I have brought another little person into the world? Can I provide for it? Heeelp! I think nearly every sensitive about-to-be-parent must have these occasional feelings of self-doubt and inadequacy(不适)before the birth and it would be most unusual if you didn’t share them.

It’s difficult, honestly, to feel grown-up unless you have something less grown-up to relate to. The boss with a hen-pecking wife may feel like a seven-year-old when he’s at home. But as he walks through the office door, and knows he’s going to be surrounded by staff looking to him for advice, he grows into a fully mature man. And I think it’s a mistake to imagine that we all feel, as we age, a kind of progression of states, from the baby to the adult. Most people feel, on Tuesday, about three years old, and on a Wednesday, around 80. I remember feeling very grown-up at eight, a time when I was weighed down with responsibility.

These days, much older, I can, in the company of people I feel at ease with, feel like a young girl.

There’s a common remark that “all men are little boys”, but it’s not true. It’s more true that men often behave like little boys. But nearly all people, at some moments in their lives, are capable of great maturity.

Once your baby arrives, you’ll soon feel less childlike, or rather, less often. When your child tries to put its fingers into the electric plug, the adult in you will rise up to prevent it. You’ll see you have very little in common with a needy child, particularly if it’s looking to you for comfort and support.

Comfort yourself, David, with two truths. One is that your friends laugh when they talk about this subject because they, like you, feel frightened. And remember that people who haven’t grown up don’t go around talking about the fact that they don’t feel grown-up.

Hope my advice will be helpful and good luck to you and your little one.

Sincerely Yours,

Miss Advice

63. According to the passage, Miss Advice thinks David’s self-doubt _______.

A. valuable B. natural C. unusual D. bearable

64. From Paragraph 2, we can learn that people’s sense of maturity _______.

A. will increase with age

B. is obviously seen at home

C. changes with different situations

D. becomes stronger with familiar people

65. Miss Advice holds that _______.

A. all men behave like little boys

B. people tend to laugh at the subject

C. men with a baby feel more grown-up

D. people enjoy talking about their immaturity

66. Miss Advice wrote the letter to _______.

A. offer suggestions to a future father B. teach people how to grow up

C. encourage people to be responsible D. solve problems of the less grown-up

D

Does everyone want a challenging job? In spite of all the attention focused by the media, academicians, and social scientists on human potential and the needs of individuals, there is no evidence to support that the vast majority of workers want challenging jobs. Some individuals prefer highly complex and challenging jobs; others develop in simple, routine work.

The individual-difference variable(变量) that seems to gain the greatest support for explaining who prefers a challenging job and who doesn’t is the strength of an individual’s needs for personal growth and self-direction at work. Individuals with these higher-order growth needs are more responsive for challenging work. What percentage of ordinary workers actually desire higher-order need satisfactions and will respond positively to challenging jobs? No current data is available, but a study from the 1970s estimated the figure at about 15%. Even after adjusting for changing work attitudes and the growth in white-collar jobs, it seems unlikely that the number today exceeds 40%.

The strongest voice advocating challenging jobs has not been workers—it’s been professors, social science researchers, and media people. Professors, researchers, and journalists undoubtedly made their career choices, to some degree, because they wanted jobs that gave them autonomy, recognition and challenge. That, of course, is their choice. But for them, to force their needs onto the workforce in general is presumptuous (冒失的).

Not every employee is looking for a challenging job. Many workers meet their higher-order need off the job. There are 168 hours in every individual’s week. Work rarely consumes more than 30% of this time. That leaves considerable opportunities, even for individuals with strong growth needs, to find higher-order need satisfaction outside the workplace. So don’t feel you have a responsibility to create challenging jobs for all your employees. For many people, work is something that will never excite or challenge them. And they don’t expect to find their growth opportunities at work. Work is merely something they have to do to pay their bills. They can find challenges outside of work on the golf course, fishing, at their local pub, with their friends in social clubs, with their family, and the like.

67. What makes people choose challenging jobs?

A. Positive responses. B. Work attitudes.

C. Higher-order growth needs. D. Personal self-direction.

68. Who is the least likely to prefer a challenging job?

A. College professors. B. Construction workers.

C. Social researchers. D. Media journalists.

69. The passage is intended for _______.

A. job-hunters B. researchers C. graduates D. employers

70. Which is the best title for the passage?

A. Not Everyone Wants a Challenging Job

B. Complex Jobs Offer Growth Opportunities

C. Employers Should Create Challenging Jobs

D. Challenging Jobs Give a Sense of Recognition

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