2014上海黄浦区高考英语一模试题(附答案)

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Section C

Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

The motor vehicle has killed and disabled more people in its brief history than any bomb or weapon ever invented. Much of the blood on the street flows essentially from uncivil behavior of drivers who refuse to respect the legal or moral rights of others. So the massacre (大屠杀) on the road may be regarded as a social problem.

 In fact, the enemies of society on wheels are rather harmless people just ordinary people acting carelessly, you might say. But it is a principle both of law and common morality that carelessness is no excuse when one’s actions could bring death or damages to others. A minority of the killers go even beyond carelessness to total negligence.

Researchers have estimated that as many as 80 percent of all automobile accidents can be connected with psychological condition of the driver. Emotional upsets can affect drivers’ reactions, slow their judgment, and blind them to dangers that might otherwise be evident. The experts warn that it is vital for every driver to make a conscious effort to keep one’s emotions under control.

Yet the irresponsibility that accounts for much of the problem is not limited to drivers. Street walkers regularly ignore traffic regulations. They are at fault in most vehicle walker accidents; and many cyclists even believe that they are not subject to the basic rules of the road.

 In the past few years, safety standards for vehicle have been raised both at the point of manufacture and through periodic road-worthiness inspections. In addition, speed limits have been lowered. Due to these measures, the accident rate has decreased. But the accident experts still worry because there has been little or no improvement in the way drivers behave. The only real and lasting solution, say the experts, is to convince people that driving is a skilled task requiring constant care and concentration. Those who fail to do all these things present a threat to those with whom they share the road.

(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)

78. Why road killers can’t be excused? Because __________.

79. In order to avoid automobile accidents, the experts suggest drivers should __________.

80. Besides drivers, who should also be blamed for most roads accidents?

81. The accident rate has decreased in the past few years because of __________.

II

I. Translation

Directions:Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1.       他总是不懂装懂。(pretend)

2.       他没有参加这次面试,这使他失去了一份薪水丰厚的工作。(which)

3.       相对而言,污染带来的威胁比疾病更加严重。(threat)

4.       很多边远村学校没有图书馆,以致一些孩子没有读过课本以外的任何书籍。(available)

5.       他到美国呆了一段时间后,才知道之前他对这个国家的了解是何等肤浅。(Only)

II. Guided Writing

Directions: Write an English composition in over 120 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

某国际青少年互动友谊营正在招募志愿者,要求能安排并接待一位与你年龄相仿的外国青少年在上海游玩一天。你对此很感兴趣,请写一封E-mail,申请担任志愿者,并告诉主办方你的一天安排。(文中请不要出现真实的校名人名)     P.F. Productions后期制作

 

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