2014上海黄浦区高考英语一模试题(附答案)

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Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

A.     calming

B.      regular

C.      doable

D.     electronics

E.      fuel

F.      hook

G.     incredibly

H.     maintain

I.        mindlessly

J.       treat

K.     weapons

 

 

 

 

 

Here are four simple, healthy and, dare we say, fun ways to help you slim down and stay healthy.

Have your cake …for breakfast

Aside from being depressing, the way to __41__ weight loss isn’t by feeling deprived.

Scientists say that people who started off the day with a __42__ felt fuller and more satisfied, and that led to their sticking with the program as the day went on. Being hungry is no way to start your day, so __43__ up with protein and a mouthful of something sweet. And most of all, enjoy!

Sleep your way to weight loss

Dr. Andrew Calvin, one expert of Mayo Clinic study, is quoted as saying, “If individuals are seeking to maintain a healthy weight or to lose weight, they should seek to get enough sleep on a __44__ basis.”

If you find it tricky to wind down at night, turn off the __45__ and engage in relaxing activities, like taking a bath or listening to __46__ music.

Journal to drop pounds

The best __47__ for a dieter? Pen and paper! Women who wrote down everything they ate lost more weight than those who didn’t track their food intake. Journaling makes you accountable and more aware of what you’re eating, so it makes sense that it’ll keep you from __48__ chewing if you aren’t actually hungry.

Even a tiny bit of exercise helps your health

Even 20 to 30 minutes of physical activity most days of the weeks (broken up into smaller chunks is fine) reduces your risk for all sorts of physical ills. And even 20 minutes a week can improve your mood. That really stuck with me. It’s easy to criticize ourselves or burn out if we make goals that are __49__ hard to achieve, but walking a few times a week is __50__ – and meaningful, too.

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions:For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation. To keep up their work they must read letters, reports, trade publications, interoffice communications, not to mention newspapers and magazines; a never-ending flood of words. In getting a job advancing, the ability to read and comprehend __51__ can mean the difference between success and failure. Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are __52__ readers. Most of us develop poor reading habits at an early age, and never __53__ them. The main shortage lies in the actual stuff of language itself – words. Taken individually, words have little__54__ until they are strung together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs. Unfortunately, __55__, the untrained reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously read one word at a time, often regressing to __56__ words or passages. Regression, the tendency to look back over what you have just read, is a common __57__ habit in reading. Another bad habit which __58__ the speed of reading is vocalization – sounding each word either __59__ or mentally as one reads.

To overcome these bad habits, some reading clinics use a device called an accelerator, which moves a bar (or curtain) down the page at a predetermined speed. The bar is set a slightly __60__ rate than the reader finds comfortable, in order to “__61__” him. The accelerator forces the reader to read fast, making word-by-word reading, regression and sub-vocalization, practically __62__. At first comprehension is __63__ speed. But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you will not only read faster, but your comprehension will improve. Many people have found their reading skill __64__ improved after some training. Take Charles Au, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 172 words a minute before the training, now it is an excellent 1,378 words a minute. He is delighted that now he can go through a lot more reading material in a(n) __65__ period of time.

51. A. quickly                    B. silently              C. thoroughly        D. vaguely

52.   A. casual                   B. curious           C. efficient            D. poor

53.   A. acquire                    B. cultivate            C. kick                D. practice            

54.   A. formation               B. meaning            C. pronunciation    D. transformation

55.   A. however                   B. moreover                C. somehow           D. therefore               

56.   A. recite                             B. reread             C. reuse               D. rewrite      

57.   A. horrible                   B. incurable           C. social                      D. viewing

58.   A. achieves                   B. gains                 C. measures           D. reduces           

59.   A. orally                      B. physically        C. quietly             D. repeatedly

60.   A. better                     B. faster                C. lower                      D. steadier    

61.   A. distract                    B. embarrass          C. interest              D. stretch      

62.   A. demanding              B. impossible         C. reasonable         D. useful

63.   A. applied to                 B. matched with     C. sacrificed for     D. substituted for  

64.   A. dramatically            B. hardly               C. slightly             D. subconsciously

65.   A. indefinite                 B. lengthy             C. limited              D. set

Section B

Directions:Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)  

Jane Austen was born in the English countryside more than 200 years ago. She lived a simple life. She seldom travelled. She never married and she died from illness when she was only 41.

However, people all over the world remember her. Why? It is because Jane Austen is the author of some of the best-loved novels in the English language. These novels include Emma, Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility and Persuasion.

Jane completed her last novel Persuasion in 1816, but it was not published until after her death. Persuasion is partly based on Jane’s naval brother.

Anne, the daughter of Sir Walter Elliot, falls in love with Captain Wentworth, a person of a lower social position. But she breaks off the engagement when persuaded by her friend Lady Russell that such a match is unworthy. The breakup produces in Anne a deep and long-lasting regret. Eight years later, Wentworth returns from sea a rich and successful captain. He finds Anne’s family on the edge of financial ruin. Anne and the captain rediscover their love and get married.

Jane Austen once compared her writing to painting on a little bit of ivory(象牙), two inches square. Readers of Persuasion will see that neither her skill of delicate, ironic(讽刺的) observations on social custom, love, and marriage nor her ability to apply a sharp focus to English manners and morals has abandoned her in her final finished work.

Persuasionhas produced three film adaptations: a 1995 version starring Amanda Root and Ciaran Hinds, a 2007 TV miniseries with Sally Hawkins and Rupert Penry-Jones, and a 1971 miniseries with Ann Firbank and Bryan Marshall.

People who are interested in Jane Austen can still visit many of the places she visited and lived. These places include the village of Steventon, although her family house is now gone. Many of the places Jane visited in Bath are still there. You can visit Jane Austen’s home in Chawton, where she did her best writing, and Winchester, where she died.

66.   What is the theme of Persuasion?

A. Never regret what you’ve chosen.                  B. True love lasts forever.

C. Be matched for marriage.                              D. Love waits for no man.

67.   Which of the following CANNOT describe Jane’s writing style?

A. Her application of symbolism.                       B. Her delicate observations.

C. Her focus on manners and morals.                 D. Her use of irony.

68.   Which of the following about Jane Austen is TRUE?

A. Her family house is now in the village of Steventon.

B. Many of the places she visited in Bath are still available.

C. The latest film adaptation of Persuasion was produced in 1995.

D. Her last novel Persuasion is considered her most successful one.

69.   The article mainly talks about _______.

A. Jane Austen’s unique writing style

B. the original residence of Jane Austen

C. Jane Austen’s last novel:Persuasion

D. the popularity of Jane Austen’s novels

 

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