2014上海青浦区高考英语一模试题(附答案)

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III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions:For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Scientists fear rising energy bills may lead to an increase in obesity after discovering a link between poorly-heated homes and higher body fat.

Researchers from the University of Stirling’s Behavioral Science Centre   51   to explore claims that warm indoor temperatures have   52   increasing obesity levels in winter. Instead, the team found that people who live in   53   homes are more likely to have low body mass index (BMI) levels while those who keep their heating   54   or off tend to be heavier.

Dr Michael Daly, behavioral scientist and senior lecturer, said: “We come on to investigate the scientific claims that cooler indoor temperatures help us to   55   ahealthy weight by pushing our bodies to consume more   56   through shivering and generating heat through tissues.” In fact, the research suggests people may eat less and

  57   more energy when living in a warmer indoor environment.

The 13-year study, published in the journal Obesity,   58   more than 100,000 adults across England. Researchers found   59   weight levels among people living in homes heated to above 23°C (73F), which accounted for about 15,000 of the households studied.

Dr Daly said: “As national gas bills continue to rise faster than the rate of inflation (通货膨胀), this research suggests the   60   of obesity could worsen where heating dropped below   61   levels or off for lengthy periods to cut costs.

“This is not just about people who live in warm enough homes being in the   62   

position to afford more expensive low-calorie foods, exercise classes and sporting activities.   63  , they find it easier to stay at a low BMI level. The study took age, gender, social class and other factors into account. 

“The comfortable surrounding temperature of 20.3-23°C is where we feel comfortable in our   64   and are neither hot nor cold. At temperatures above this, we consume more energy and we eat less because our   65   is taken away.”   

 

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