2014上海嘉定区高考英语一模试题(附答案)

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III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions:For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

When we think of green buildings, we tend to think of new ones----the kind of modern, solar-paneled masterpieces that make the covers of architecture magazines.But the US has more than 100 million existing homes, and it would be incredibly   51   to tear them all down and   52   them with greener versions.

An enormous amount of energy and resources went into the construction of those houses.And it would take an average of 65 years for the   53   carbon emissions (排放) from a(an) __54  _ energy-efficient (节能) home to make up for the   55   lost by destroying an old one.

So in the broadest sense, the greenest home is the one that has already been built.But at the same time,   56    half of US carbon emissions come from heating, cooling and powering our    57   , offices and other buildings."You can't deal with climate   58   without dealing with existing buildings," says Richard Moe, the president of the National Trust.

With some exceptions, the oldest homes tend to be the   59   energy-efficient.Houses built before 1939 use about 50% more energy per square foot than those built after 2000, mainly due to the tiny cracks and gaps that   60   over time and let in more outside   61  .

62  , there are a vast number of relatively simple changes that can green older homes, from  63  ones like Lincoln's Cottage to your own postwar home.And efficiency upgrades (升级) can save more than just the earth; they can help   64   property owners from rising power   65  .

51.   A. terrible                 B.wasteful              C.wonderful           D.useful

52.   A.put                     B.build                   C.replace                D.take

53.   A.reduced               B.increased             C.used                    D.destroyed

54.   A.old                      B.fashionable          C.new                    D.beautiful

55.   A.magazines            B.trees                   C.materials             D.resources

56.   A.nearly                 B.hardly                 C.rarely                  D.mostly

57.   A.libraries               B.schools                C.homes                 D.stores

58.   A.improvement        B.appearance          C.stability               D.change

59.   A.most                   B.really                  C.very                    D.least

60. A.expand                  B.narrow                C.strengthen          D.weaken

61.   A.dust                    B.air                      C.smoke                D.water

62.   A.Oppositely           B.Unfortunately      C.Fortunately          D.Frankly

63.   A.historic                B.worthless             C.ordinary              D.meaningless

64.   A.charge                 B.protect                C.punish                 D.warn

65.   A.prices                  B.costs                   C.businesses            D.bargains

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