I．Grammar and Vocabulary
Directions:After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word;for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
Every summer, Penny travels to a family reunion barbeque. Penny is never excited, and this year is no different. She is afraid of the drive.
She does not like talking to her relatives. And she does not like the smell of hamburgers. (Penny is a vegetarian.)
(25) ______ Penny arrives, she sees lots of familiar faces. It is July and Uncle Vernon (26) ______ (wear) a sweater. Uncle Vernon is always cold. It’s very mysterious.
She sees her cousin Polly. Polly has six children. The youngest one screams. Then the oldest one screams. Polly’s children are always screaming.
She sees many of her other cousins in the field (27) ______ (play) softball. They play a softball game every year, (28) ______ always ends up in a big argument. Penny wonders, again, why they never solve it.
Then Penny sees an incredibly handsome man. She stares at him. He catches her staring. He smiles and walks (29) ______ to her. Penny is very nervous. She is nervous because a handsome man is walking to her and she is nervous because this handsome man might be her cousin.
The man sticks out his hand, (30)_____ (say), “Hi, I’m Paul.”
“Hi, I’m Penny,” Penny says. “Are we related?”
Paul laughs. “No, we are not related. I am Vernon’s nurse. He is sick and needs (31) _____ (keep) me close by. But he did not want to miss this barbeque!”
“Oh, thank goodness,” Penny says and then blushes. Penny always blushes when she is nervous, embarrassed, or hot, and right now she is all three.
Handsome Paul laughs and says, “Would you like to go get a hamburger with me? (32) ______ smell delicious.”
Penny smiles, “Sure. I love hamburgers!”
Beware first-class travelers! Passengers sitting in the rear of a plane have the best chance of survival in an event of a crash, an extraordinary and costly aviation（航空，飞行）experiment ever (33) ______ (conduct) has revealed.
In a unique aviation experiment recently, the 170-seat-Boeing 727 was made（34）_____ _____ (crash) in a controlled manner in a remote part of Mexico’s Sonoran Desert. After pilot James Slocum jumped out of the plane at 2,500ft, the jet（35）______ (guide) into the ground by a pilot in a following Cessna via a remote-control device, the reporters reported. On board of the jet were three advanced crash-test dummies（假人）designed to move (36)_____ humans.
They were arranged in three positions: one in the classic brace and wearing a seat-belt; one belted but not in the brace position; and one（37）______ belted nor in the brace. After the jet hit the ground nose-first, experts found that the dummy in the brace position would have survived the impact, (38) ______ one not in the brace would have suffered serious head injuries, and the dummy not wearing a seat-belt would have “died”.
Using this, experts predicted that 78 percent of passengers on board would have survived the impact,（39）______ all the first-class travelers would have died because the front of the fuselage（机身）broke apart when the plane comes down nose first. Those sitting at the back would have had the（40）______ (good) chance of survival.