A student is learning to speak British English. He wonders (想知道): Can I communicate with Americans? Can they understand me? Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English? How important are these differences?
Certainly! there are some differences between British and American English. ‘There are a few differences in grammar. For example, speakers of British English say “in hospital” and “Have you a pen?” Americans say “in the hospital!” and “Do you have a pen?”. Pronunciation is sometimes different. Americans usually sound theirs in words like “bird” and “hurt”. Speakers of British English do not sound theirs in these words. There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary. For example, “colour” and “honour” are British, “color” and honor” are American.
These differences in grammar, pronunciation, spelling and vocabulary are not important, however. For the most part, British and American English are the same language.
36. According to this passage, a student who is learning to speak American English might be afraid that_______.
A. British people cannot understand him
B. American people cannot understand him
C. the grammar is too hard for him
D. the spelling is too hard for him
37. American English and British English are different in ________.
A. spelling B. pronunciation C. grammar D. all of the above
38. What is not mentioned (提及) in the passage?
A. Whether there are differences between British English and American English.
B. Whether British English and American English are one language or two.
C. How the differences between British Eng¬lish and American English came about.
D. How important the differences are.
39. Most ________ say “Do you have a watch?”
A. British people B. Americans C. children D. teachers
40. According to this passage, British people and Americans have _________ difficulty in understanding each other.
A. little B. much C. some D. great
Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members, especially their parents, don’t know them as well their friends do. In large families, it is often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for advice. It is very important for teenagers to have one good friend or many friends. Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking among themselves on the phone. This communication is very important in children’s growing up, because friend can discuss something difficult to say to their family members.
However, parents often try to choose their children’s friends for them. Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends. The question of “choice” is an interesting one. Have you ever thought of the following questions?
Who choose your friends?
Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you?
Have you got a good friends your parent don’t like?
41. Many teenagers think their _______ know them better than their parents do.
A. friends B. teachers C. brothers and sisters D. classmates
42. When teenagers stay alone, the usual way of communication is to _________.
A. go to their friends B. talk with their parents
C. have a discussion with their family D. talk with their friends on the phone
43. Which of the following is DIFFERENT in meaning from the sentence “Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends.”?
A. Some parents may even not allow their children to meet their good friends.
B. Some parents may even ask their chil¬dren to stay away from their good friends.
C. Some parents may even not let their children meet their good friends.
D. Some parents may want their children to stop to meet their good friends.
44. Which of the following sentences is TRUE?
A. Parents should like everything their chil¬dren enjoy.
B. In all families, children can choose everything they like.
C. Parents should try their best to understand their children better.
D. Teenagers can only go to their friends for help.
45. The main idea of this passage is that ___________.
A. Teenagers need friends
B. Friends can give good advice
C. Parents often choose their children’s friends for them
D. Good friends can communicate with each other
A young man was going to join the army and had to take a medical examination. The doctor was sitting at a desk when he went in. He said to the man. “Take your coat and shirt off, and sit on the chair.” The young man did so. The doctor looked at him for a moment without getting up from his chair and then said, “ All right. Put on your clothes again.”
“ But you haven’t examined me at all!” the young man said in surprise.
“There is no need to do so,” the doctor said with a smile. “When I told you to take your coat and shirt off, you heard me all right, so there is nothing wrong with your ears. You saw the chair, so your eyes are good. You could take your clothes off and sit on the chair, so you must be in good health. And you understand what I told you to do and did it without a mistake, so you must be clever enough for the army.”
46. The young man went to the doctor because __________.
A. he wanted to take part in the examination
B. he wanted to have a medical check—up
C. he did not want to join the army
D. he did not feel well
47. The doctor told the young man to take his coat and shirt off in order to______.
A. test his listening ability
B. see whether his eyes were wrong with him
C. see what was wrong with him
D. examine him
48. The young man was surprised because the doctor __________ .
A. looked at him with a smile
B. did not know how to examine him
C. did not think it necessary to examine him
D. asked him several questions
49. The doctor thought that __________ .
A. the young man would not be a good soldier
B. the young man must not join the army
C. The Youngman would not do something wrong in the army
D. the young man could join the army
50. At first the young man __________ .
A. did not understand what the doctor mean
B. did not do as he was told to do
C. realized why the doctor told him to do something
D. understood what the doctor meant
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