Unit 17 Great Women
1. Q1: Is the South Pole beautiful ? Would you like to travel there ?
Q2: Imagine you are travelling alone to the South Pole . What will you take with you ? Why ?
warm clothes / gloves / cap --To keep warm
dried food --To offer your body energy
tent / sleeping bag--Used for sleeping and having a rest
boots / snowshoes--To walk easily in snow or on ice
compass / map--To tell you the directions
cellphone--To keep in touch with your family or friends
radio--To enjoy yourself by listening to music or learning about the outside world
stove--To cook food and keep warm
match--To light fire
sunglasses--To protect you from the sun
ice pick--To dig and pick up ice
medicine--When you are ill , you can take some medicine so that you can get well soon.
Flag--Don’t forget to bring your national flag to the South Pole .
2. Animals living on the North Pole
polar bear / reindeer / moose / wolf / walrus / whale / seals
3. Animals living on the South Pole
whale / sea lions / seals / penguins / walrus / dolphins / fish
4.Do you know the names three countries that are part of the North Pole? What about the South pole?
--Countries that are part of the North Pole :
Norway , Sweden , Finland ,
Russia , US , Canada , Greenland .
--Countries that are part of the South Pole :
Chile , Argentina , South Africa ,
Australia , New Zealand .
5. Why do polar bears never eat penguins ?
Because polar bears only live on the North Pole while penguins only live on the South Pole.
1. Background information about Antarctica
total: 14 million sq km
note: fifth-largest continent, following Asia, Africa, North America, and South America, but larger than Australia and the subcontinent of Europe
land: 14 million sq km (280,000 sq km ice-free, 13.72 million sq km ice-covered) (est.)
no indigenous inhabitants, but there are seasonally staffed research stations
2. Background information about Helen Thayer(New Zealand)
The first woman to travel solo to any of the world’s poles(South Pole and North Pole).
Step3: Careful reading
1. Answer the following questions:
1.Where is Antarctic?
(1.Antarctic is another name for the South Pole .)
2. Who travel alone to Antarctic?
(2. Helen Thayer.)
3. How did the writer celebrate her 60th birthday?
(3. The writer travelled alone to the South Pole to celebrate her 60th birthday.)
4. Has she ever been to the North Pole? When?
(4. Yes . At 50 she travelled alone to the North Pole .)
5. When did she begin her journey to Antarctic?
(5. On November 1st , 1997 .)
6. Did she have a dog team to pull her sled?
(6. No , she didn’t . )
7. What is the weather like in Antarctic during the journey?
(7. The first days the weather was very good .
The wind was icy but not very strong .
There was bright sunshine 24 hours a day .
On the third day it became stormy .
During the next week the wind grew stronger .
On November 12th the storm died down .)
8. What happened to her during the journey?
Time Weather What happened to her?
Nov.1-2,1997 fine, icy, not
strong began her almost 400-mile journey
3rd-11th storm, strong
wind spent a whole day in her
Nov. 12th storm died down celebrated her birthday
a few days later storm died down fell into a hole and was
hanging on the ropes
tied to the sled
22nd icy wind had a bad accident with
the sled and hurt her leg
(During the journey , she met with many difficulties. She had to struggle through stormy weather . One day she fell into a hole and was hanging on the ropes tied to the sled . The next morning , she had a bad accident with the sled and hurt her leg . )
9. Why did the writer say it was an experience she would never forget and would value for the rest of her life?
(Having overcome the difficulties , she had made a 400-mile journey on the South Pole and had enjoyed the challenges of solo travel in an extreme climate .)
2.Choose the best answer according to the reading passage :
1. Antarctica is another name for __________________ .
A. Australia B. the South Pole C. the North Pole D. Canada
2. The sun does not go down in Antarctica , so Helen’s workdays were usually ______________ .
A. 2 hours B. more than 12 hours
C. less than 12 hours D. 24 hours
3. Helen Thayer was born on ______________ .
A. 1 November 1937 B. 12 November 1937
C. 22 November 1947 D. 1 November 1997
4. On the 22nd day of the expedition Helen Thayer had an accident . What happened ?
A.She was attacked by a polar bear .
B. Her tent was blown away by the storm .
C. She fell into a hole that was a few hundred feet deep .
D. The sled knocked her over and hurt her leg .
5. What decision did Helen make after the accident ?
A. She spent a whole day in her tent .
B. She waited till she got better and continued her journey .
C. She gave up and went back home .
D. She was thankful for all the training she had had .
3.True or False.
1.( ) Helen was the second woman to travel alone to the North Pole at 50 .
2.( ) There was bright sunshine 24 hours a day in the Antarctica.
3.( ) Helen thawed a frozen cake and sang“Happy birthday” at the low of her voice.
4.( ) Helen used to practise self rescue beside the sea.
5.( ) Helen had a bad accident and her head was woozy because of hitting the ground.
4. Chart filling
Alone in Antarctica
1-- At 50 I was the first woman to travel alone to the _____ Pole.
2-- Purpose: to celebrate my ____th birthday.
3--Way: walked and _____ alone without ____ team
4-- Weather: The first days was very ____ ,there was bright _______ 24 hours a day.On the third day there was a _____ and during the next week the wind grew _______.
5-- Accident1:when I was moving forward over a _____, I had ____ into a hole and hanging on the ropes ____ to the sled. Accident2: I had a bad accident with the ____ and hurt my ____and my head was ______.
6-- It was an unforgettable and _______ experience.
1. What kind of woman is Helen Thayer ?
Describe her in a few sentences .
Helen Thayer is a special woman who loves life and enjoys adventure travel .
She has a very strong will and perseverance .
She is so brave that she dares to challenge an unknown field , meanwhile, she is also very optimistic and responsible .
She knows that the people in her life , such as her family , are more important than her personal achievement .
She knows when to go on and when to give up . It shows she is wise to make a decision .
2. Do you admire Helen Thayer ? Why ?
Yes . I admire Helen Thayer very much . Because she is very brave and has a strong will . Besides , she is very wise and responsible . She made solo travel to the South Pole. It is unusual for women of her age to do things like that . I admire her not only because she dares to face difficulties and challenges in her life or because she never gives up when she meets with difficulties , but also because she knows when to go on and when to give up . Although she made a decision to stop her journey after the accident , we can’t say she is halfway . Instead , it shows that she is a wise and responsible woman .
3. What can we learn from the passage ?
Helen Thayer shows us that no matter whether we are men or women and no matter what age we are at , we can set ourselves goals and work hard to achieve them . In the process of getting there , we experience difficulties and set-backs . These experiences form our feedback and we use them to change our methods or ways to reach the goal . Along the way , we must make decisions . The most difficult decisions are when to go on and when to give up . Therefore , we must learn how to make a wise decision .
What proverbs can you think of after learning this passage?Where there is a will, there is a way.
Nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his heart on it.
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