【高考英语新题型】语法填空精选

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编辑点评: 【高考英语新题型】2014-2016年语法填空精选

3.[2015•广东卷]

Mr Johnson lived in the woods with his wife and children. He owned __16__ farm, which looked almost abandoned. __17__ (lucky), he also had a cow which produced milk every day. He sold or exchanged some of the milk in the towns nearby __18__ other food and made cheese and butter for the family with what __19__ (leave). The cow was their only means of support, in fact. One day, the cow was eating grass __20__ it began to rain heavily. While making great efforts to run away, she __21__ (fall) over the hill and died. Then the Johnsons had to make a living __22__ the cow. In order to support his family, Mr Johnson began to plant herbs and vegetables. Since the plants took a while to grow, he started cutting down trees __23__ (sell) the wood. Thinking about his children's clothes, he started growing cotton too. When harvest came around, he was already selling herbs, vegetables and cotton in the market __24__ people from the towns met regularly. Now it occurred to __25__ that his farm had much potential and that the death of the cow was a bit of luck.  

【文章大意】 这是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述的是约翰逊先生一家靠着农场里的奶牛维持生活,但是一次意外奶牛死了,约翰逊先生不得不想其他办法维持生活。他一边种药草和蔬菜,一边砍树去集上卖木头。最终丰收来临,他将药草和蔬菜卖给镇上的人。上帝在给他关上了一扇门的时候,又给他打开了另一扇门。

16. a   考查冠词。名词farm第一次出现,表示泛指,故填a。

17. Luckily   考查副词。用副词修饰整个句子。

18. for 考查介词。根据句中的exchange可知,用介词for。exchange for交换,兑换。

19. was left   考查动词的时态和语态。文章中的时态都是用的过去时,what与leave是被动关系,故用一般过去时的被动语态。21世纪教育网版权所有

20. when   考查连词。根据“…the cow was eating grass…it began to rain heavily.”可知,本句中一个动作发生,另一个动作正在进行,用连词when。【来源:21•世纪•教育•网】

21. fell   考查动词的时态。根据句中的died可知用一般过去时。

 

2014年高考试题

语法填空

 [2014•新课标全国卷Ⅰ] 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 

Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix?www.21-cn-jy.com

In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland, Ohio. It __61__(be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it __62__(actual)caught fire and burned. Now, years later, this river is one of __63__ most outstanding examples of environmental clean­up.

But the river wasn't changed in a few days __64__ even a few months. It took years of work __65__(reduce) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is __66__(clean) than ever.

Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you have a habit __67__ is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don't know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation,don't you want a quick fix and something to change immediately?

While there are __68__(amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the __69__(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be  __70__(patience). 

【文章大意】本文是一篇议论文。文章论述了当人们遇到看起来不可能做的事情时应该怎样做。短文以治理长期被污染的河流为例,为我们讲述了这样的道理:对于我们大多数人来说,做出改变需要的是努力和耐心。

61. was 上文提到的事情是1969年的事情,所以这里应该用过去式。

62. actually 这里应该用副词来修饰动词caught。actually实际上。

 

67. that/which 也许你有一个使你的家人发疯的习惯。这里habit是先行词,which或that引导的是定语从句,并且在从句中作主语,不能省略。

68. amazing 空格处应该用形容词来修饰后面的名词。amazing令人吃惊的;amazed感到吃惊的。

69. changes 对于我们大多数人来说,变化是逐渐的,需要很多努力和工作。因为这里缺少的是句子的主语,根据谓语动词are可知主语应该是复数,故用changes。

70. patient patience是名词,因为空格前有系动词be,所以这里应该用形容词patient。

 [2014•新课标全国卷Ⅱ] 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容 (不多于3个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。

One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about__61__(be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, __62__ some of them looked very anxious and __63__(disappoint). When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next __66__ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike __65__(catch) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused __66__(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept __67__(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up to the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked,“__68__ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It's __69__(I).” She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully. Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done, and the crowd of strangers __70__(sudden) became friendly to one another.

61. being 介词about后使用v.­ing形式,因此用being。

62. and 根据语境可知上下文之间是顺接关系,故用and连接。

63. disappointed 本句的主语是some of them,所以使用形容词作表语。

64. to next to…在……旁边。

65. caught 根据文章第一句“One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop…”可知本文叙述的是一件过去发生的事情,所以使用一般过去时。【出处:21教育名师】

66. to stop refuse to do sth拒绝做某事。不定式作动词refuse的宾语。

67. riding keep doing sth不停地做某事 。

68. Did 本句是直接引语,是一个一般疑问句。因为询问的是过去发生的事情,所以使用助动词did。

69. me/mine 此处可以使用名词性物主代词mine,相当于my suitcase。 

70. suddenly 此处应该使用副词来修饰句子的谓语动词,在句中作状语。

 [2014•辽宁卷] 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Jonny:Hey!I'm just practising Tai Chi(太极).Would you like to join me?21•世纪*教育网

Peter:I know nothing about it.Is it difficult?

Jonny:It seems easy,but you need a lot of practice.You just follow me like this.

Peter:OK.Don't laugh __61__ me.I may look funny.

Jonny:Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches,naturally and __62__ (soft).Try to keep your body straight.Move slowly,then be sure to keep your balance and don't let your body shake.

Peter:I cannot  control my body well.My legs become __63__(pain).

Jonny:Keep __64__(hold) your position for a while.It helps develop your strength and flexibility.Raise your leg and let __65__ stay in the air for seconds.21教育名师原创作品

Peter:I feel my legs shaking.I cannot do this any longer.

Jonny:Be patient!Tai Chi __66__(call) “shadow boxing” in English.It asks you to act like water:to be flexible as well __67__ strong.In real competition,a Tai Chi master borrows the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back.The __68__(hard) you try to beat him,the more likely you will get hit.He controls you!

Peter:Unbelievable!Oh…,__69__ you don't mind,I'll stop and take a deep __70__.

【答案】

at

softly

painful

holding

it

is called

as

harder

if

breath

 考查固定句型。你越是努力击败他,就越可能被击败。使用了the+比较级+主谓,the+比较级+主谓的句型,填harder

考查连词。这句话的意思是:如果你不介意,我会停下来,喘口气。使用if引导条件状语从句。

考查名词。take a deep breath深呼吸,喘口气。

考点:考查语法填空

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