【高考英语新题型】语法填空精选

 来源:高中会员俱乐部    要点:高考英语  
编辑点评: 【高考英语新题型】2014-2016年语法填空精选

 2.【2016•全国新课标II】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (识别)those of   41  (great)and less importance. Then, handle the most important tasks first so you’ll feel a real sense of  42 (achieve). Leaving the less important things until tomorrow  43 (be) often acceptable.【来源:21cnj*y.co*m】

  Most of us are more focused  44  our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day. So, get an early start and try to be as productive  45 possible before lunch. This will give you the confidence you need to get you through the afternoon and go home feeling accomplished.

  Recent  46  (study) show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks  47  (regular). Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for  48  while, exercising, or dong something you enjoy.

  If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely  49 (bring) your work home. It could be anything-gardening, cooking, music, sports—but whatever it is,  50 (make) sure it’s a relief from daily stress rather than another thing to worry about.

【答案】41. greater    42. achievement   43. is      44. on       45. as

        46. studies    47. regularly      48. a     49. to bring    50. make

 45.as 考查固定搭配。短语as...as....和...一样;正是因为人们早晨的注意力更为集中,所以我们要早起,要和午饭之前一样的高效率。

46.studies 考查名词单复数。本句的谓语动词是show,说明主语是复数名词studies。

47.regualrly 考查副词。在英语副词通常做状语修饰形容词、副词或动词,形容词通常在句中做定语或表语修饰名词。所以本句中使用副词regularly做状语修饰动词take short breaks。

48.a 考查固定短语。介词短语for a while一会;本句是指通过锻炼或做一些你喜欢的事情,让你的身体和思维休息一会。

49.to bring 考查形容词短语。形容词短语be likely to do sth可能做某事;你就不太可能把工作带回家去做,因为你找到了你喜欢做的事情。

50.make 考查祈使句。本句中动词短语make sure放在句首,构成祈使句。句意:要保证它是让你释放压力,而不是让你担忧的事。

【名师点睛】

  在语法填空中,我们要特别注意词性转换题。如本文的,横线前面有介词of,横线上要使用名词achievement作为of的宾语。,在英语副词通常做状语修饰形容词、副词或动词,形容词通常在句中做定语或表语修饰名词。所以本句中使用副词regularly做状语修饰动词take short breaks。

  词类转换题要先确定所要填的单词在句中的成分。

技巧1:作表语、定语或补语,通常用形容词形式。

技巧2:作主语,或在及物动词或介词后作宾语,用名词形式。

技巧3:修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子,作状语,用副词形式。

技巧4:括号中所给词为动词时,也不一定是考动词的时态语态或非谓语动词, 有可能考词类转换;若是 

考点:考查语法填空

3.【2016•全国新课标III】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

In much of Asia, especially the so-called "rice bowl" cultures of China, Japan, Korea,    41    Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.21•cn•jy•com

Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might    42    (make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal    43    (create) special designs.

The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots,    44    (use) twigs(树枝)to remove it. Over time,    45    the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly.

Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which    46   (gradual) turned into chopsticks.

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius,    47    lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C., influenced the    48    (develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and     49    (be) too violent for use at the table.

Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example, most people traditionally eat    50    their hands.

【答案】

41.and

42.be made

43.to create

44.using

45.as/when

46.gradually

47.who

48.development

49.were

50.with

 

45.as/when考查时间状语从句。句意:随着人口的增长,人们开始把食物切成小块,这样可以煮得快一点,这里是时间状语从句,when意为“当……时候”,后跟长动作或短动作,故填as/when。

46.gradually考查副词。副词修饰动词或形容词,这里修饰动词短语turned into,应该用副词,故填gradually。

47.who考查非限制性定语从句。剧中有逗号,说明是非限制性定语从句,先行词是Confucius孔子,定语从句缺少主语,且指人,故填who。

48.development考查词性转换。the+名词+of,意为“……的……”,这里指“筷子的发展”,故填development。

49.were考查时态。根据句意可知,这里指的是刀子因太暴力而不适合在餐桌上使用,believed后跟一个宾语从句,and连接了两个并列的谓语,主语knives是复数,根据时态一致的原则,这里用一般过去时,故填were。

50.with考查介词。句意:在印度,大部分人还是用传统的吃饭方法--用手拿,with+表示具体工具的名词,故填with。2-1-c-n-j-y

考点:名词;介词;副词;并列连词;非谓语动词;定语从句;状语从句

【名师点睛】

语法填空的解题技巧

语法填空是通过语篇在语境中考查语法知识的运用能力。我们在解题前应快速浏览短文掌握大意,有把握的空格可以进行填写。在读懂的基础上,再结合短文提供的特定的语言环境去逐句分析逐题解答。按题型设计分三种情况:【版权所有:21教育】

1. 纯空格试题的解题技巧

首先分析句子结构,根据所缺成分确定哪类词。然后根据句子意思,确定具体填什么词,或根据两句间的逻辑关系确定具体用哪个连词。比如第41空,45空,47空和50空,41空考查并列连词,45空考查时间状语从句,47空考查非限制性定语从句,50空考查介词。

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