高考英语作文中的高级结构:句型改造

所属专题:2016高考英语作文预测  来源:互联网    要点:高考英语作文  
编辑点评: 通过研读一些优秀的学生习作和历年高考书面表达的范文,我们发现,很多所谓的高级句型和高级词汇正是我们老师反复讲解和训练的。下面小编列举一些常见且高级的词汇和句型,供同学们参考。

◆强调句:可以轻松地将时间、地点、原因、方式等类型的状语从句转变为强调句。

It was not until I arrived home that I realized I had left the bag on the shop counter.

It was then that I realized the importance of English.

◆倒装句:只要句中有介词短语或状语从句,便可将其提前,变成倒装句。

Only when I turned right at the crossing did that car crack towards me.

Only by this means can he escape from the big fire.

◆with引导的伴随结构:可以将状语从句或并列句中的其中一个分句变成with结构。

With the sun lighting brightly and the birds singing clearly, I went to school in high spirits

He always likes to sleep with the windows open.

◆巧妙地使用非谓语动词:可以将状语从句或并列的动词简化为非谓语动词。

Hearing that, the driver’s wife quickly added that her husband often talked nonsense after drinking. (低级形式:When he heard that, ……)

◆恰到好处的被动句:适合应用于较简短的句子,这样显得语言简洁生动,宾语一般是nothing、anything、everything等不定代词。

Searched all my pockets, but nothing was found。

◆感叹句:通常用于开头结尾活跃文章气氛,凡是“I feel ……”之类表达感情的句子皆可如此改造。

How terrible I felt today! I failed again in the math exam.

◆高级定语从句:若定语从句中的动词带有介词,只需将介词移至先行词后。

We came to a place to which they had never paid a visit before.

◆进行时态:有时会含有一定情绪,尤其要使用always这样的富含感情色彩的副词。

I am always feeling terrible when I take a bus.

◆婉转表达:需要使用幽默的技巧,主要用于漫画型作文题。

I could find nothing but bad luck when I returned the shop after learning that my handbag had been left on the counter.

◆what引导的名词性从句:将动宾结构转化为此结构。

What he gave me, which I knew, were not only a Christmas present but also a heart full of love and a mind of my existence in it.

◆“数词+名词”变为“as many as+数词+名词”。

As many as ten years ago, my hometown used to be covered by forests

◆适当加一些不关痛痒的插入语:一些连词、副词可以放到句子中间充当语气较弱的插入语,如I guess、however、in a way、certainly、in my opinion、probably、briefly, generally speaking, believe it or not, besides, what’s more等,有时可以考虑几个插入语连用,就更像英美人士的文章了。

◆独立主格:将主从句去掉连词,前句动词变为分词即可。

The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.


◆把简单句改成复合句:适当的时候把两个简单句改成“too….to…”或者“so…that…”等高级一点的复合句。例如:

I was very tired. I couldn’t keep up with them.我们可以改成:I was so tired that I couldn’t keep up with them.或:I was too tired to keep up with them.
 

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