2014年湖北卷英语真题答案解析

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三、完形填空

   试卷

题号

2013高考

2014高考

31

副词辨析

名词辨析

32

形容词辨析

动词辨析

33

名词辨析

形容词辨析

34

名词辨析

介词短语辨析

35

连词辨析

名词辨析

36

动词辨析

形容词辨析

37

动词辨析

副词辨析

38

形容词辨析

动词辨析

39

动词辨析

形容词辨析

40

副词辨析

名词辨析

41

动词辨析

连词辨析

42

形容词辨析

名词辨析

43

动词辨析

动词辨析

44

动词短语辨析

介词辨析

45

形容词辨析

动词短语辨析

46

动词辨析

动词辨析

47

连词辨析

名词辨析

48

形容词辨析

动词辨析

49

名词辨析

名词辨析

50

名词辨析

形容词辨析

When our restaurant business failed, we headed north in a camping truck to Texas, hoping to have a “fresh start”.

At the ___31___ of Palo Duro Canyon (峡谷) State Park, I ___32_ a job advertisement hiring park hosts. The position offered a ___33_ , permanent campsite in the park, and __34___, the hosts served as a link between the park’s guests and the rangers(护林人).It was the perfect solution: a rent-free place to reorganize our lives. We entered the park and I made an ____35__ for the following day,

The park was__36__ , so it took us some time to find an available site. That evening, as we finished our dinner, my wife saw two large skunks(  臭鼬  )walking toward our table. We __37___ climbed onto the table and, for the next four hours, waited for them to ___38___ our camp.

Having survived that night, we were __39___ that everything else would be all right. The next day we met with the people who ran the park. They explained our ___40___ and gave us a beautiful campsite.

That evening, __41____ , we learned about the  canyon _42___. They were strong and cold, rocking our little camping truck violently, and we lay __43___ in the dark until the winds died away.

__44___ the weeks that followed, we learned to survive in our truck and ___45__ the little money my wife ___46__ by substitute teaching. Building a successful business and then losing it had left very little time for building a successful ___47___. For a time after our business __48___ I thought I might lose my family as well.

Living in the tiny __49___with no television, we sat close together reading and talking. One evening, standing under a jeweled shy, I found myself ___50___ for al the hardship. We had walked the trails and climbed the canyon walls. We had become a family!

31. A. back                     B. entrance          C. centre                     D. edge

32. A. answered             B. notice             C. published               D. sponsored

33. A. free                      B. safe                 C. convenient             D. beautiful

34. A. in return               B. in turn             C. in sheet                  D. in time

35. A. attempt                B. appear             C. agreement              D. appointment

36. A. quite                    B. ideal                C. crowed                  D. dangerous

37. A. calmly             B. eventually   C. immediately         D. repeatedly

38. A. search             B. pass        C. leave              D. attack

39. A. aware             B. confident     C. determined         D. satisfied

40. A. responsibilities    B. requirements C. circumstances      D. conditions

41. A. meanwhile        B. therefore    C. moreover           D. however

42. A. winds            B. snows      C. woods             D. trails

43. A. nothing          B. morning     C. quarrelling   D. shaking

44.A. After             B. Beyond     C. During            D. Between

45.A. live on           B. hand out    C. give away          D. put aside

46.A. raised             B. posted      C. earned             D. borrowed

47.A. image             B. family      C. career             D. business

48.A. declined          B. expanded    C. failed             D. started

49.A. camp             B. house       C. park               D. truck

50.A. desperate             B. ready              C. suitable                D. thankful  

【答案】:

[31]. B         [32]. B          [33]. A                 [34]. A          [35]. D

[36]. C         [37]. C          [38]. C                 [39]. B          [40]. A 

[41]. D         [42]. A          [43]. D                 [44]. C          [45]. A

[46]. C         [47]. B          [48]. C                 [49]. D          [50]. D

【解析】:

【语篇解读】

本篇完形填空是一篇夹叙夹议的文章,讲述了一个家庭生意失败之后重新开

始的故事。文章通过这个故事阐明一个道理:我们在追寻事业成功的时候,

可能会失去家庭,因此我们要学会兼顾我们的事业和家庭。

[31]. 考查名词。从后文We entered the park 可知,应该是在公园门口(entrance),故选B。

[32]. 考查动词。从前文when our restaurant business failed和hoping to have a “fresh start”可知,作者是在寻找工作,注意到一个招聘广告,符合语境,故选noticed。

[33]. 考查名词。后文提到a rent-free place,可知campsite是免费的(free),故选free。

[34]. 考查介词短语。A项in return 作为回报;B项in turn反过来,反之;C项缩短;D项及时。根据填空处前文句可知要取得这个工作,需要做公园主持人来作为回报,故选in turn.

[35]. 考查名词。A. attempt 尝试;B. appeal 吸引;C. agreement同意,协议;D. appointment约定,预约。前文知道作者看到招聘广告,明天预约(make an appointment)应聘,符合语境,应选appointment。

[36]. 考查形容词。A.quiet安静的;B.ideal 理想的;C.crowded 拥挤的;D.dangerous; 根据后文so it took us some time to find an available site,可知人多很难找住的位置,所以选crowded.

[37]. 考查副词。文中提到two large skunks(臭鼬),所以马上躲避。故选immediately。

[38]. 考查动词。由上文立即躲避臭鼬,可知他们很希望它尽快离开,故选leave。

[39]. 考查形容词。由前文having survived that night,可知他们对于后面的时间有了自信,故选confident。

[40]. 考查名词。由前文I made an appointment for the following day和the next day we met with the people who ran the park. 可知他们去应聘了,管理人员告诉他们职位的职责,符合语境,故选responsibilities.

[41]. 考查连词。由前文everything else would be all right和后文rocking our little camping truck violently...until the winds died away可知,前后情况是一种相反的场景,故选转折连词however.

[42]. 考查了名词。由后文They were strong and cold, rocking our little camping truck violently...until the winds died away, 可知是wind(复现),故选winds.

[43]. 考查动词。由前文rocking our little camping truck violently可知卡车(truck)在摇动(shake),故选shaking.

[44]. 考查介词。A. after 在......之后; B.beyond 超越......范围;C.during 在......期间;D.Between在两者之间,应该是指后续的几周期间,故选during。

[45]. 考查动词短语。A. live on 靠...生活; 以...为食; B.hand out 分发;give away     捐赠,泄露;put aside 存储,留出,搁置

[46]. 考查动词。根据上文,生意失败,所以作者的妻子要靠教书来挣钱,   故选earned。

[47]. 考查名词。根据后文I might lose my family as well 和building a      successful    business and then losing it 看出作者留给家的时间很少,复现,故选family。

[48]. 考查动词。根据文章第一段第一句when our restaurant business failed 可知,填failed, 复现。

[49]. 考查名词。由文章第五段our little camping truck,可知填truck, tiny是small的同义替换,考查复现。

[50]. 考查形容词。由前文可知作者找到工作和后文we had become a family可知,作者工作、家庭都有收获,所以作者感激,故选thankful.

【难度说明】:中等。

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