2013高考英语上海卷试题及答案详解(含下载)【沪江网校】

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II

I. Translation

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1. 今年元旦我们玩得很开心。(enjoy)

We enjoyed ourselves very much on this New Year's Day.

【解析】本题考查固定短语。玩得很开心,常用“enjoy oneself very much”来表达;同时,注意元旦的表达方式为New Year's Day。

2. 舅舅昨天寄给我一张卡片,祝贺我18岁生日。(congratulate)

My uncle sent me a card to congratulate me on my eighteenth birthday yesterday.

【解析】本题考查固定短语。祝贺某人……,常用“congratulate sb on sth”来表达。另外18岁生日需要用序数词eighteenth,注意拼写。

3. 经过多年的建设,这个小镇现在和地震前一样充满了活力。(as...as)

After years of construction, this town is as lively now as it used to be before the earthquake.

【解析】本题考查固定结构。与……一样,常用“as...as”的结构,两个as之间通常接形容词或副词比较级。本句中,要表达充满了活力,用形容词“lively”即可。

4. 演出以一段五十多岁的人耳熟能详的经典音乐开始。(familiar)

The show started with a piece of music familiar to people in their fifties.

【解析】本题考查固定短语。对某人来说耳熟能详,常用“familiar to”来表达。另外,本句中五十多岁的人,用in one's fifties来表达。根据句意,泛指五十多岁的人,可以用people in their fifties。

5. 她一看完那个关于已灭绝物种的电视节目,就立志加入野生动物保护组织。(No sooner)

No sooner had she finished watching that programme about those extinct species, than she decided to join the Wildlife Conservation Organization.

【解析】本题考查倒装结构。no sooner...than的结构用来引导时间状语从句,主句用过去完成时,than后面的从句用一般过去时。当no sooner放在句首时,表示强调,注意此时主句要采用倒装结构。另外,本句中的短语稍有难度,灭绝物种,常用extinct species来表达;野生动物保护组织,常用Wildlife Conservation Organization来表达。

II. Guided Writing

Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given in Chinese.

上海博物馆拟举办一次名画展,现就展出场所(博物馆还是社区图书馆)征集公众意见,假设你是王敏,给上海博物馆写一封信表达你的想法。你的信必须满足以下要求:

1. 简述你写信的目的及你对场所的选择;

2. 说明你的理由(从便利性,专业性等方面对这两个场所进行对比)

To whom it may concern:

I’ve learned that an art exhibition is to be held and that you’re collecting suggestions on its location. I’m writing this letter to share with you my opinions.

As far as I’m concerned, it is more advisable to hold the art exhibition in Shanghai Museum than in community libraries.

How did I come to this conclusion? On one hand, it is more convenient for people to get to Shanghai Museum which is located in the center of the city. And it is much more spacious than community libraries, which provides visitors with a more comfortable environment for appreciating art.

On the other hand, as a museum of ancient Chinese art, Shanghai Museum is more professional and experienced in holding art exhibitions. Its professional security guards and advanced facilities can better protect those famous paintings from being damaged or stolen.

Therefore, I suggest the exhibition be held in Shanghai Museum.

Wang Mi

【解析】

总评:

本次高考题目以书信的方式考查观点论述的表达,属于常见题型。题目要求中交待了背景,同时,题目还明确要求了书信的内容中要包括目的、观点、理由等方面,难度适中。

细评:

本次高考作文考查观点论述,题型较为常见,要求对画展的展出场所做出选择,并且说明理由,而且已经提示了可以从便利性和专业性两个角度来分析,难度不算太大,要写好这篇作文,只要观点明确并且言之有理即可。

范文按照书信的形式,首先要提出给收信人,To whom it may concern这里表示的是敬启者,是在读者身份不明时用在信件、通知和证明书开头的套语,也是除了Dear xxx之外英语书信的常见用语。

信的第一段交待了自己的身份,并且表明了些这封信的目的。

第二段明确提出了自己的观点,用了it is more advisable to do...句型,表明“……是更合理的”,常用在提出建议时。

第三用设问句引出自己的理由,接着用on one hand... on the other hand... “一方面……;另一方面……”进行连接,层次清楚。在论述观点时连词的使用可以使逻辑显得更清晰。第三段从便利性角度进行分析,博物馆交通更便利而且环境更舒适,其中用到了which引导的非限定性定语从句。第四段从专业性角度说明博物馆的优势。

最后一段用therefore简单总结并重申自己的观点。

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