2013高考英语上海卷试题及答案详解(含下载)【沪江网校】

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Section B

Directions:In section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.

I am Lynn. My previous job was as principal of a language school, where I received awards for training teachers to teach more effectively. A year ago, I started an international company. I spent months conducting programs in the US and Russia. During this time, some Russian immigrants came to stay at my house. Fortunately, these visitors helped a lot at home and made life easier. At the same time, I wrote several books to be published by my company and coedited a book for a major publisher.

I am grateful I have a photographic memory, so I can remember everything I see. Otherwise, I might not be that productive. In addition to my work, I have a family at home. Some of my children have had serious health problems from birth, but I try to handle those problems well and efficiently. With tremendous help from my parents, the kids are fed, and clothed, and educated.

I am busy from the time I get up until the time I go to bed. My time has to be carefully planned. I do not like to be interrupted because I want to accomplish my goals.

Questions:

11. What was the speaker’s previous job?

12. What helps to make the speaker productive according to the passage?

13. What does the passage mainly tell us?

11. A. A book publisher. B. A company manager.

C. A magazine editor. D. A school principal.

12. A. Some training experience. B. A happy family.

C. Russian assistants' help. D. A good memory.

13. A. Lynn’s devotion to the family.

B. Lynn’s busy and successful life.

C. Lynn’s great performance at work.

D. Lynn’s efficiency in conducting programs.

【答案】

11. D. A school principal.

12. D. A good memory.

13. B. Lynn’s busy and successful life.

【解析】

第11题:说话人以前的工作是什么?

A. 图书出版商——短文提及,但与问题无关。说话人创办公司之后,才自己写书出版。

B. 公司经理——短文提及,但与问题无关。这是说话人目前的工作。

C. 杂志编辑——短文提及,但与问题无关。这是说话人目前的工作。

D. 学校校长——正确答案。说话人在一开始就明确表明,My previous job was as principal of a language school。

第12题:根据短文信息,说话人工作效率高的原因是什么?

A. 培训经验——短文提及,但与问题无关。短文只说…I received awards for training teachers to teach more effectively…,培训教师让我赢得了很多奖。

B.幸福的家庭——短文提及,但与问题无关。说话人只介绍了自己的家庭情况,并没有提及家庭和工作效率高之间有何联系。

C.俄罗斯助手的帮助——短文提及,但与问题无关。说话人提到these visitors helped a lot at home and made life easier.,并没有提及这和工作效率之间的联系。

D. 好的记忆力——正确答案。I am grateful I have a photographic memory.... Otherwise, I might not be that productive. 没有好的记忆力,可能不会这么高效,符合题意。

第13题:短文主要讲述什么?

A. Lynn对家庭的付出——以偏概全。

B. Lynn忙碌又成功的生活——正确答案。短文前半部分讲述说话人在事业上的成功,后半部分讲述说话人在忙碌中平衡工作和家庭。

C. Lynn在工作上的成就——以偏概全。

D. Lynn运行项目的高效——以偏概全。

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.

Job interviews can generally be divided into three types.

The first is what I would call the traditional interview. This is usually just a series of standard questions about qualifications, work experience and expectations. So what you have here is basically a list of quite direct questions, like what duties did you have in your previous job. This is still the model for a lot of interviews today. In my view it’s not the best to select staff.

Then there is the case interview. Here the interviewer presents a problem and a series of questions to find out how the candidate would approach the problem. It might go something like this, ‘A company wants to hire more graduates without spending more than its current budget. What would you advise them to do?’This can be particularly challenging, for you need to analyze the problem and solve it.

The third type is known as the behavioral interview. The questions are usually designed to find out about how the candidates handle tricky situations in the past. A typical question might be ‘Can you give me an example of a situation where you had to follow orders that you didn’t agree with?’ This opens up a lot of information and the interviewer gets to see more of the candidate.

Questions:

14. What kind of questions are usually asked in the traditional interview?

15. What does the case interview focus on about the candidate?

16. What does the speaker mainly talk about?

14. A. Economic questions. B. Routine questions.

C. Academic questions. D. Challenging questions.

15. A. Work experience. B. Educational qualifications.

C. Problem-solving abilities. D. Infomation-gathering abilities.

16. A. Features of different types of interview.

B. Skills in asking interview questions.

C. Changes in three interview models.

D. Suggestions for different job interviews.

【答案】

14. B. Routine questions.

15. C. Problem-solving abilities.

16. A. Features of different types of interview.

【解析】

第14题:传统型面试经常会问什么类型的问题?

A. 经济类问题——短文未提及。

B. 常规性问题——正确答案。This is usually just a series of standard questions…标准问题实质上就是常规性问题,答案是对原文的同义转换。

C. 学术性问题——短文未提及。

D. 具有挑战性的问题——短文提及,但与问题无关。这是case interview所问问题的特点。

第15题:案例面试关注应试者的哪些方面?

A. 工作经验——短文提及,但与问题无关。这是traditional interview关注的问题。

B. 教育资历——短文提及,但与问题无关。这是traditional interview关注的问题。

C. 解决问题的能力——正确答案。…a series of questions to find out how the candidate would approach the problem.案例面试的目的就是考查求职者解决问题的能力。

D. 收集信息的能力——短文未提及。

第16题:说话人主要谈论的是什么?

A. 不同类型面试的特征——正确答案。短文开头就点明了主旨,Job interviews can generally be divided into three types.

B. 问面试问题的技巧——短文未提及。

C. 三种面试模式的变化——短文未提及。

D. 对不同面试的建议——短文未提及。

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