C. have been elected D. have elected
30. They promised to develop a software package by the end of this year, ________ they might have.
A. however difficult B. how difficult
C. whatever difficulty D. what difficulty
31. The judges gave no hint of what they thought, so I left the room really ________.
A. to be worried B. to worry C. having worried D. worried
32. The students are looking forward to having an opportunity ________ society for real-life experience.
A. explore B. to explore C. exploring D. explored
33. I have no idea ________ the cell phone isn’t working, so could you fix it for me?
A. what B. why C. if D. which
34. Young people may risk ________ deaf if they are exposed to very loud music every day.
A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone
35. Sophia got an e-mail ________ her credit card account number.
A. asking for B. ask for C. asked for D. having asked for
36. I cannot hear the professor clearly as there is too much noise ________ I am sitting.
A. before B. until C. unless D. where
37. ________ at the photos, illustrations, title and headings and you can guess what the reading is about.
A. To look B. Looking C. Having looked D. Look
38. An ecosystem consists of the living and nonliving things in an area ________ interact with one another.
A. that B. where C. who D. what
39. Among the crises that face humans ________ the lack of natural resources.
A. is B. are C. is there D. are there
40. Some people care much about their appearance and always ask if they look fine in ________ they are
A. that B. what C. how D. which
Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
As infants, we can recognize our mothers within hours of birth. In fact, we can recognize the 41 of our mother’s face well before we can recognize her body shape. It’s 42 how the brain can carry out such a function at such a young age, especially since we don’t learn to walk and talk until we are over a year old. By the time we are adults, we have the ability to distinguish around 100,000 faces. How can we remember so many faces when many of us find it difficult to 43 such a simple thing as a phone number? The exact process is not yet fully understood, but research around the world has begun to define the specific areas of the brain and processes 44 for facial recognition.
Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology believe that they have succeeded in 45 a specific area of the brain called the fusiform face area (FFA), which is used only for facial recognition. This means that recognition of familiar objects such as our clothes or cars, is from 46 in the brain. Researchers also have found that the brain needs to see the whole face for recognition to take place. It had been 47 thought that we only needed to see certain facial features. Meanwhile, research at University College London has found that facial recognition is not a single process, but 48 involves three steps. The first step appears to be an analysis of the physical features of a person’s face, which is similar to how we scan the bar codes of our groceries. In the next step, the brain decides whether the face we are looking at is already known or unknown to us. And finally, the brain furnishes the information we have collected about the person whose face we are looking at. This complex 49 is done in a split second so that we can behave quickly when reacting to certain situations.
III. Reading Comprehension
Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
Over the past few decades, more and more countries have opened up the markets, increasingly transforming the world economy into one free-flowing global market. The question is：Is economic globalization 50 for all?
According to the World Bank, one of its chief supporters, economic globalization has helped reduce 51 in a large number of developing countries. It quotes one study that shows increased wealth 52 to improved education and longer life in twenty-four developing countries as a result of integration (融合) of local economies into the world economy. Home to some three billion people, these twenty-four countries have seen incomes 53 at an average rate of five percent—compared to two percent in developed countries.
Those who 54 globalization claim that economies in developing countries will benefit from new opportunities for small and home-based businesses. 55 , small farmers in Brazil who produce nuts that would originally have sold only in 56 open-air markets can now promote their goods worldwide by the Internet.
Critics take a different view, believing that economic globalization is actually 57 the gap between the rich and poor. A study carried out by the U.N.-sponsored World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization shows that only a few developing countries have actually 58 from integration into the world economy and that the poor, the uneducated, unskilled workers, and native peoples have been left behind. 59 , they maintain that globalization may eventually threaten emerging businesses. For example, Indian craftsmen who currently seem to benefit from globalization because they are able to 60 their products may soon face fierce competition that could pot them out of 61 . When large-scale manufacturers start to produce the same goods, or when superstores like Wal-Mart move in, these small businesses will not be able to 62 and will be crowded out.
One thing is certain about globalization—there is no 63 . Advances in technology combined with more open policies have already created an interconnected world. The 64 now is finding a way to create a kind of globalization that works for the benefit of all.
50. A. possible B. smooth C. good D. easy
51. A. crime B. poverty C. conflict D. population
52. A. contributing B. responding C. turning D. owing
53. A. remain B. drop C. shift D. increase
54. A. doubt B. define C. advocate D. ignore