2012湖南高考英语试卷及答案

所属专题:2012年高考真题  来源:    要点:2012年高考真题  
编辑点评: 在高三的复习阶段,老师都强调高考真题的重要性,一则高考题难易得当,不会出现无谓的偏题怪题,二则高考真题对于考生把握考试的考点和题型有着非常强的针对性。小编精选了一系列2012年的高考真题,一起来看看吧。

Part IV  Writing (45 marks)

Section A (10 marks)

Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information from the passage

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

Since the earliest civilizations, people have controlled rivers to meet society's demands. Today, rivers are controlled for many reasons, primarily to maintain reliable water supplies for daily, agricultural and industrial needs, for power generation, for navigation (航行), and to prevent flooding.

River control is achieved by channelization, a term that covers a range of river engineering works, including widening, deepening, straightening and stabilization of banks, and by the construction of dams.

An important period of channelization took place in Europe during the l9'th century, when many large rivers were straightened and their beds deepened. One of the most dramatically changed was the Tisza River, a branch of the Danube that flows through Hungary. The controlling of the Tisza, designed to reduce flooding and make land for agriculture, included cutting off more than 100 meanders (河曲), shortening the river's length by nearly 400 kilometers.

One of the most common ways in which people control rivers is by damming them. The past 50 years or so has seen an increase in dam construction worldwide, and at the beginning of the 21st century, there were about 800,000 dams globally, some towering more than 200 meters in height.

Despite their successes, many dams also cause significant environmental changes that prove harmful. Some particularly deep reservoirs (水库) can bring about earthquakes due to the stress on their bottom rocks caused by huge volumes of water. Downstream of a reservoir, the river is certainly influenced in many ways: water volume, speed and quality are all affected, leading to changes in the landscape and among plants and animals.

 

Section B (10 mark.)

Directions: Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the information given in the passage.

A wise teacher once told me that every teenager needs to experience a not-so-fun first job from working at a grocery store to the fast food industry.

Now I still remember my first day at a fast food restaurant three years ago. I wanted to save up money and buy my own car, so I applied everywhere I could that summer. The restaurant called me right away and I thought to myself, this is going to be easy. Within four hours of my first shift (.轮班),I had angry customers who complained how slow I was. I watched in fear as a kid spilled his milk everywhere, and I heard the words that no 16-year-old boy or anyone for that matter wants to hear: "Mike, there's a problem in the men's bathroom and you might want gloves for this one." I realized right away that working at the restaurant was not going to be a picnic. The manager expected a clean environment and, particularly, fast service with a friendly smile.

Over three years later I still work at that restaurant whenever I go home during vacations. I love my co-workers there and all the customers know who I am. Every morning the same senior citizens come in and get their morning coffees. They chat with us workers and joke around. Our smiles have just as much to do with them making us a part of their everyday lives as the coffee does.

From my first job at the restaurant, I learned teamwork and devotion. I also learned staying positive no matter how rough things seem to get. I will forever carry the experience that I gained at the restaurant with me as I go forward in my life.

81. Why did the author apply everywhere that summer? 

(No more than 12 words)     (2 marks)

82.What did the manager particularly expect the workers to do?

 (No more than 14 words)     (3 marks)

83.Why does the author still work at the restaurant during vacations?

(No more than 13 words)               (2 marks)

84. What did the author learn from his first job?

(No mom dm II words)                (3 marks)

 

Section C (25 marks)

Directions:Write an English composition according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

生活中.你白己或他人曾有过物品不慎丢失而又找回的经历,其间有烦恼、有惊喜、有感慨……请就此写一篇英语短文。

    主要内容包括, 1)丢失的物品:       2)物品失而复得的经过;  3) 你的感想。

注意:

1.词数不少于120个;

2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称.

答案:

PartⅠ:

1-5 ACCBA   6-10 BABCA   11-15 CBCBA

16: 90       17: month     18: Reference    19: New Year’s Day        20: ID card

Part Ⅱ:

21-25: CABBC    26-30: CDADB   31-35: AACDD

36-40: CBDAB    41-45: ACADC   46-47: DB

48. we      49. should      50. a       51. others      52. in     53. and

54. not      55. What

Part Ⅲ

56-60 CADDB    61-65 CBBAA    66-70 CADBD

Part Ⅳ

71.RiverControl     72. Reasons        73. supply    74. agriculture     75. flooding

76. deepening        77. stabilizing     78. shortening       79. dam construction       80. the environment

81. He wanted to save up money and buy his own car.

82. The manager particularly expected them to offer fast service with a friendly smile.

83. He loves his co-workers and all the customers know who he is.

84. He learned teamwork, devotion, and staying positive in rough situations.

作文(略)

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