Part IV Writing (45 marks)
Section A (10 marks)
Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information from the passage
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Since the earliest civilizations, people have controlled rivers to meet society's demands. Today, rivers are controlled for many reasons, primarily to maintain reliable water supplies for daily, agricultural and industrial needs, for power generation, for navigation (航行), and to prevent flooding.
River control is achieved by channelization, a term that covers a range of river engineering works, including widening, deepening, straightening and stabilization of banks, and by the construction of dams.
An important period of channelization took place in Europe during the l9'th century, when many large rivers were straightened and their beds deepened. One of the most dramatically changed was the Tisza River, a branch of the Danube that flows through Hungary. The controlling of the Tisza, designed to reduce flooding and make land for agriculture, included cutting off more than 100 meanders (河曲), shortening the river's length by nearly 400 kilometers.
One of the most common ways in which people control rivers is by damming them. The past 50 years or so has seen an increase in dam construction worldwide, and at the beginning of the 21st century, there were about 800,000 dams globally, some towering more than 200 meters in height.
Despite their successes, many dams also cause significant environmental changes that prove harmful. Some particularly deep reservoirs (水库) can bring about earthquakes due to the stress on their bottom rocks caused by huge volumes of water. Downstream of a reservoir, the river is certainly influenced in many ways: water volume, speed and quality are all affected, leading to changes in the landscape and among plants and animals.
Section B (10 mark.)
Directions: Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the information given in the passage.
A wise teacher once told me that every teenager needs to experience a not-so-fun first job from working at a grocery store to the fast food industry.
Now I still remember my first day at a fast food restaurant three years ago. I wanted to save up money and buy my own car, so I applied everywhere I could that summer. The restaurant called me right away and I thought to myself, this is going to be easy. Within four hours of my first shift (.轮班)，I had angry customers who complained how slow I was. I watched in fear as a kid spilled his milk everywhere, and I heard the words that no 16-year-old boy or anyone for that matter wants to hear: "Mike, there's a problem in the men's bathroom and you might want gloves for this one." I realized right away that working at the restaurant was not going to be a picnic. The manager expected a clean environment and, particularly, fast service with a friendly smile.
Over three years later I still work at that restaurant whenever I go home during vacations. I love my co-workers there and all the customers know who I am. Every morning the same senior citizens come in and get their morning coffees. They chat with us workers and joke around. Our smiles have just as much to do with them making us a part of their everyday lives as the coffee does.
From my first job at the restaurant, I learned teamwork and devotion. I also learned staying positive no matter how rough things seem to get. I will forever carry the experience that I gained at the restaurant with me as I go forward in my life.
81. Why did the author apply everywhere that summer?
(No more than 12 words) (2 marks)
82．What did the manager particularly expect the workers to do?
(No more than 14 words) (3 marks)
83．Why does the author still work at the restaurant during vacations?
(No more than 13 words) (2 marks)
84. What did the author learn from his first job?
(No mom dm II words) (3 marks)
Section C (25 marks)
Directions:Write an English composition according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
主要内容包括, 1)丢失的物品: 2)物品失而复得的经过; 3) 你的感想。
1-5 ACCBA 6-10 BABCA 11-15 CBCBA
16: 90 17: month 18: Reference 19: New Year’s Day 20: ID card
21-25: CABBC 26-30: CDADB 31-35: AACDD
36-40: CBDAB 41-45: ACADC 46-47: DB
48. we 49. should 50. a 51. others 52. in 53. and
54. not 55. What
56-60 CADDB 61-65 CBBAA 66-70 CADBD
71.RiverControl 72. Reasons 73. supply 74. agriculture 75. flooding
76. deepening 77. stabilizing 78. shortening 79. dam construction 80. the environment
81. He wanted to save up money and buy his own car.
82. The manager particularly expected them to offer fast service with a friendly smile.
83. He loves his co-workers and all the customers know who he is.
84. He learned teamwork, devotion, and staying positive in rough situations.