高二下期期末英语模拟试题(含解析)

所属专题:高二英语期末试卷  来源:沪江高考资源网    要点:高二英语期末试卷  
编辑点评: 阅读理解首先要注意巩固英语基础,掌握题中出现的每一个单词、词组和疑难句;其次要注意提高阅读效率,要能够把握阅读文章的基本架构、文章核心信息的标志和经常出现的位置,从而能迅速把握文章中心和作者态度,找到解题的主线。
第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
21.Apples are usually sold by ________ weight and eggs are sometimes sold by ________ dozen.
A. the; the  B. /;a
C. /; the D. the; a
22.Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used ________ late for his lecture.
A. to have studentsB. for students’ being
C. for students to be  D. to students’ being
23.When people move to another country, they often try ________ the customs of their native land.
A. to keep on B. to keep off
C. to keep up D. keeping up
24.—The experiment is of particular importance.
—I see. We will carry on with it ________ we can get enough money.
A. unlessB. thoughC. whetherD. until
25.I think that this meal was well worth ________ was charged for it.
A. that B. what C. which D. how many
26.________ all over the hills and around the lake are wild flowers of different kinds.
A. To grow B. Growing  C. GrownD. Grow
27.Although he sometimes loses his temper, his students like him ________ for it.
A. not so much  B. not so little
C. no more D. no less
28.Professor Zhang gave all the textbooks to all the pupils, except ________ who had already taken them.
A. these B. ones C. the ones  D. the others
29.Do you think the reason ________ he gave is believable?
A. for which B. whichC. why  D. what
30.________ he is ,he seldom shows his precious coins to others.
A. Coin -collector as  B. As a coin -collector
C. A coin- collector as D. Coin- collector that
3l.From his ________ voice on the phone I know everything is going under way.
A. satisfactoryB. satisfying
C. satisfied  D. satisfaction
32.—Does Bill do his new job well?
— ________ his old job. I’m afraid there’s no hope for him.
A. Not better than B. No better than
C. Not so well as D. Not as well as
33.—I’m sorry, I shouldn’t have been so rude to you.
—You ________ your temper but that’s OK.
A. have lost B. had lost
C. did lose  D. were losing
34.—Is the experiment easy?
— ________ . I’ll just do my bit.
A. I think so B. Certainly
C. Not a little D. Anything but
35.Although he knew little about the large amount of work done in the field, he succeeded ________ other more well - informed experimenters failed.
A. whichB. that  C. what D. where
 
第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
Some plays are so successful that they run for years on end. In many ways, this is  36  for the poor actors who are required to go on repeating the sane  37  night after night. One would 
 38  them to know their parts by heart and  39  have cause to falter(结巴).Yet 40 is not always the case.
A famous actor in a  41  successful play was once cast in the role of an aristocrat  42  had been imprisoned in Bastille for twenty years. In the last act,a gaoler(监狱长,看守)would always come on to the stage with a letter which he would hand to the prisoner.  43  the noble was expected to read the letter at each  44  ,he always insisted that it should be written out in full.
One night, the gaoler decided to play a joke  45  his colleague to find out if, after so many performances, he had managed to learn the  46  of the letter by heart. The curtain went up on the final act of the play and revealed(使显露)the aristocrat sitting alone behind bars in his dark cell. Just then,the gaoler  47  with the precious letter in his hands. He entered the  48 and presented the letter to the aristocrat. But the copy he gave him had not been written out in 
 49  as usual. It was simply a blank sheet of paper. The gaoler looked on eagerly, 50  to see if his fellow actor had at last learnt his lines. The noble stared at the blank sheet of paper for a few seconds. Then,squinting(眯着眼看)his eves,he said,“The light is  51 .Read the letter to me.”And he promptly handed the sheet of paper to the gaoler. 52  that he could not remember a word of the letter either, the gaoler replied,“The light is indeed dim,sir. I must get my  53 ”With this, he hurried off the stage. Much to the aristocrat’s  54  ,the gaoler returned a few moments later with a pair of glasses and the  55  copy of the letter which he proceeded(继续进行)to read to the prisoner.
36.A. fortunate B. unfortunate C. happy D. unhappy
37.A. lines B. words C. plays D. roles
38.A. want B. ask C. expect D. wish
39.A. always B. never C. sometimes D. often
40.A. such B. the thing C. one D. this
41.A. highly B. high C. poorly D. poor
42.A. where B. what C. which D. who
43.A. Because B. Even though C. When D. Though
44.A. play B. performance C. role D. case
45.A. with B. in C. on D. to
46.A. pages B. joke C. lines D. contents
47.A. appeared B. disappeared C. came out D. came in
48.A. room B. cell C. stage D. office
49.A. English B. French C. order D. full
50.A. worded B. surprised C. anxious D. afraid
51.A. bright B. dim C. dark D. out
52.A. To see B. To find C. Seeing D. Finding
53.A. glasses B. lines C. light D. letters
54.A. surprise B. satisfaction C. anger D. amusement
55.A. usual B. old C. unusual D. new
 
第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
An explosion on Thursday killed one and injured 21 in a busy street in Tongren, Southwest China’s Guizhou Province.
The bomb was hidden in a rubbish bin in the city’s commercial hub(商业中心),where lots of shops and restaurants are concentrated.
The ear-splitting blast was heard around 12∶50 p.m.,said a local newspaper, citing witnesses. The power of the blast shattered(使粉碎)nearby shop windows and ripped the stainless(不生锈的)steel rubbish can to pieces.
One passer-by,identified(确认)only as Zhang,said she was shocked by the noise and saw a lot of pedestrians lying on the ground when she got to the scene.
Thirteen of the injured were taken to a local hospital after the explosion. A doctor there said five were in serious condition but already out of danger after emergency treatment. The others were just slightly hurt.
The cause of the explosion is still under investigation, said an officer with the Tongren police, but refused to speculate as to the cause.
56.It can be inferred from the passage that ________.
A. All the injured were taken to a hospital 
B. 8 of the injured were not taken to a hospital 
C. The rubbish bin with a bomb was in a restaurant 
D. The rubbish bin with a bomb was in a shop 
57.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A. One passer- by, indentified only as Zhang, saw the man throwing a bomb into a bin.
B. Some customers in restaurants were injured.
C. The writer didn’t get to the scene.
D. All customers in shops got hurt.
58.In the last paragraph the underlined word“ speculate” probably means ________.
A. tell  B. guess
C. discussD. talk
59.What of the follwing can be the best title for the passage?
A. Bomb Hidden in a Rubbish Bin
B. The Cause of the Explosion
C. A Terrible Thing
D. Market Blast Kills 1 ,Injures 21
B
How many coins nave you got in your pocket right now? Three? Two? A bent one?
With a phonecard you can make up to 200 calls without any change at all.
(1) What do you do with it?
Go to a telephone box marked(you guessed it) “phonecard”.Put in your card, make your call and when you’ve finished, a screen tells you how much is left on your card.
(2) Now appear in a shop near you.
Near each Cardphone place you’ll find a shop where you can buy one. They’re at bus, train and city tube stations(地铁).
Many universities, hospitals and clubs. Restaurants and gas stations on the highway and shopping centres. At airports and seaports.
(3) No more broken payphones.
Most broken payphones are like that because they’ve been vandalized(故意破坏). There are no coins in Cardphone to excite thieves’ interest in it. So you’re not probably to find a vandalized one.
Get a phonecard yourself and try it out ,or get a bigger wallet.
60.The passage is most probably ________ .
A. a warning
B. a note
C. an advertisement(广告)
D. an announcement
61.There are three sections(部分) in the passage. Which section do you think is about why phonecards are good?
A. Section 1.B. Section 2.
C. Section 3.D. None.
62.Choose the right order or the steps under“How do you use a phonecard”.
a. Put in your phonecard.
b. Look at the screen to find out how many calls you can still make.
c. Go to a telephone box marked “Phonecard”.
d. Make your call.
A. a, b, c, d  B. c, a, d, b
C. a, d, c, b  D. c, d, a, b
C
A few days ago I asked my sons’ governess(女家庭教师)Julia to come into my study. “Be seated, Julia, ”I said, “Let’s settle our accounts. I guess you most likely need some money, but maybe you’re too polite to mention it. Now then, we agreed on thirty dollars a month...”
“Forty.”
“No, thirty. I made a note of it. I always pay our governess thirty. Well, um, you’ve been here two months, so...”
“Two months and five days.”
“Exactly two months. I made a special note of it. That means you have sixty dollars coming to you. Take off nine Sundays... you know you didn’t work with Tom on Sundays, you only took walks. And three holidays... ”Julia was biting her finger nail nervously, her face red, but - not a word.
“Three holidays, therefore take off twelve dollars. Four days Tom was sick and there were no lessons, as you were occupied only with Dick. Three days you had a toothache and my wife gave you permission not to work after lunch. Twelve and seven - nineteen. Take nineteen off ... that leaves. hmm.... forty one dollars. Correct?”
Julia’s left eye reddened with tears welling up. Her chin trembled; she coughed nervously and blew her nose, but - still not a word.
“Around New Year’s Day you broke a teacup and a saucer; take off two dollars. The cup cost more, it was a treasure of the family, but- forget it. When didn’t I take a loss! Then, due to your neglect (疏忽), Tom climbed a tree and tore his jacket; take away ten. Also due to your carelessness the maid stole Dick’s shoes. You ought to watch everything! You get paid for it. So, that means five more dollars off. The tenth of January I gave ten dollars.”
“You didn’t. ”sobbed Julia.
“But I made a note of it.”
“Well... if you say so.”
“Take twenty seven from forty one -that leaves fourteen.”
Both her eyes were filled with tears. Beads of sweat stood on the thin pretty little nose. Poor girl!
“Only once was I given any money,” she whispered, her voice trembling, “and that was by your wife. Three dollars, nothing more.”
“Really? You see now, and I didn’t know that! Take three from fourteen.. leaves eleven. Here’s your money, my dear. Three, three, three, one and one. Here it is !”
I handed her eleven dollars. She took them and pocketed them.
“Merci (法语: 谢谢),”she whispered.
I jumped to my feet and started pacing the room. I was overcome with anger. “For what, this - ‘merci’?” I asked.
“For the money. ”
“But you know I’ve cheated you - robbed you ! I have actually stolen from you ! Why this‘merci’?”
“In my other places they didn’t give me anything at all.”
“They didn’t give you anything? No wonder! I played a little joke on you, a cruel lesson, just to teach you... I m going to give you all the eighty dollars! Here they are in the envelope all ready for you... Is it really possible to be so spineless (懦弱)?Why didn’t you protest? Why were you silent? Is it possible in this world to be without teeth and claws(爪)—to be such a fool?”
Embarrassed, she smiled. And I could read her expression,“It is possible.”
I asked her pardon for the cruel lesson and, to her great surprise, gave her the eighty dollars. She murmured her little“merci”several times and went out. I looked after her and thought,“How easy it is to crush the weak in this world !”
63.While talking to Julia, the wrier expected from her ________.
A. a protest B. gratitude
C. obedience D. an explanation
64.What shocked the writer was Julia’s ________.
A. nervousness in front of her boss
B. acceptance of injustice
C. shyness when talking about money
D. reluctance to express herself
65.The writer said, “Is it possible in this world to be without teeth and claws?” He was actually telling the governess ________.
A. to be more aggressive
B. to be more careful in her work
C. to protect her right
D. to live independently
66.At the end of the story, the writer said,“ How easy it is to crush the weak in this world!”to show ________.
A. his understanding of Julia’s anxiety
B. his worry about Julia’s future
C. his concern on the living condition of working - class people
D. his sympathy for the mental state of those exploited
67.From the story, we can tell that Julia’s employer was ________.
A. greedy but honest
B. ill - tempered but warm - hearted
C. strict but forgiving
D. none of the above
D
Want a glance of the future of health care? Take a look at the way the various networks of people about patient care are being connected to one another, and how this new connectivity is being exploited to deliver medicine to the patient - no matter where he or she may be.
Online doctors offering advice based on normal symptoms(症状)are the most obvious example. Increasingly, however, remote diagnosis(远程诊断)will be based on real physiological data(生理数据)from the actual patient. A group from the University of Kentucky has shown that by using personal data assistance plus a mobile phone ,it is perfectly practical to send a patient’s important signs over the telephone. With this kind of equipment, the cry asking whether there was a doctor in the house could well be a thing of the past.
Other medical technology groups are working on applying telemedicine to rural (countryside) care. And at least one team wants to use telemedicine as a tool for disaster need - especially after earthquakes. On the whole, the trend is towards providing global access to medical data and experts’ opinions.
But there is one problem. Bandwidth(宽带) is the limiting factor for sending complex (复 杂 )medical pictures around the world,—CU photos being one of the biggest bandwidth users. Communication satellites say be able to deal with the short - term needs during disasters such as earthquakes or wars. But medicine is looking towards both the second - generation Internet and third generation mobile phones for the future of remote medical service.
Doctors have met to discuss computer - based tools for medical diagnosis, training and telemedicine. With the falling price of broadband communications, the new technologies should start a new time when telemedicine and the sharing of medical information, experts’opinions and diagnosis are common.
68.The writer chiefly talks about ________ .
A. the use of telemedicine
B. the on -lined doctors
C. medical care and treatment
D. communication improvement
69.Which of the following statements is true according to the text?
A. Patients don’t need doctors in hospitals any more.
B. It is impossible to send a patient’s signs over the telephone.
C. Many teams use telemedicine dealing with disasters now.
D. Broadband communications will become cheaper in the future.
70.The“problem”in the fourth paragraph refers to the fact that ________ .
A. bandwidth isn’t big enough to send complex medical pictures
B. the second - generation of Internet has not become popular yet
C. communication satellites can only deal with short - term needs
D. there is not enough equipment for spreading the medical care
E
So long as teachers fail to distinguish between teaching and learning , they will continue to undertake to do for children that which only children can do for themselves. Teaching children to read is not passing reading on to them. It is certainly not endless hours spent in activities about reading. Douglas insists that“ reading cannot be taught directly and schools should stop trying to do the impossible”.
Teaching and learning are two entirely different processes. They differ in kind and function. The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make it possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read. Teaching is also public activity. It can be seen and observed.
Learning to read involves all that each individual does to make sense of the world of printed language. Almost all of it is private ,for learning is an occupation of the mind ,and that process is not open to public scrutiny.
If teacher and learner roles are not interchangeable ,what then can be done through teaching that will aid the child in the quest(探索)for knowledge? Smith has one principal rule for all teaching instructions. “Make learning to read easy, which means making reading a meaningful, enjoyable and frequent experience for children. ”
When the roles of teacher and learner are seen for what they are, and when both teachers fulfill them appropriately, then much of the pressure and feeling of failure for both is eliminated. Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of leaning to read by reading.
71.The problem with the reading course as mentioned in the first paragraph is that ________.
A. it is one of the most difficult school courses
B. students spend endless hours in reading
C. reading tasks are assigned with little guidance
D. too much time is spent in teaching about reading
72.The teaching of reading will be successful if ________.
A. teachers can improve conditions at school for the students
B. teachers can enable students to develop their own way of reading
C. teachers can devise the most efficient system for reading
D. teachers can make their teaching activities observable
73.The underlined word“ scrutiny” most probably means“________”.
A. inquiry  B. observation
C. control  D. suspicion
74.According to the passage, learning to read will no longer be a difficult task when ________.
A. children become highly motivated
B. teacher and learner roles are interchangeable
C. teaching helps children in the search for knowledge
D. reading enriches children’s experience
75.The main idea of the passage is that ________.
A. teachers should do as little as possible in helping students learn to read
B. teachers should encourage students to read as widely as possible
C. reading ability is something acquired rather than taught
D. reading is more complicated that generally believed
 
 
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
请根据下列提示的要点,以What will life be like without animals为题,介绍保护珍稀(rare)动物的意义及必要性。
1.动物是人类亲密的朋友,尤其是珍稀动物的存在使整个世界变得丰富多彩;
2.最近听到甚至动物园里的珍稀动物都遭到人为伤害,深表震惊。事件的发生源于有些人对保护动物认识不够及对动物漠不关心;
3.牢记保护珍稀动物是我们每个人的职责,我们应学习宣传(publicize)其意义,并采取积极有效措施。
要求:1.内容必须包括所有要点,可适当发挥;
 2.词数100左右。
 
 
参考答案及解析
 
第二部分:英语知识运用
21.D 提示:by weight意为“论重量,以斤两计”。by the dozen意为“论打计”。
22.D 提示:be used to(sb. ’s)doing sth.习惯于(某人)做某事。
23.C 提示:keep on意为“继续”。keep off意为“使离开”。keep up意为“保持,维持”。try to do sth意为“努力做某事”;try doing sth.意为“试着做某事(看行不行)”。
24.C 提示:whether引导名词性从句时,意为“是否”。若其引导状语从句,意为“不论是否……”。
25.B 提示:worth后接一个宾语从句。其引导词既用作worth的宾语,又充当宾语从句的主语。
26.B 提示:此题为倒装句。
27.D 提示:no less意为“还是,仍旧”,相当于none the less.
28.C 提示:those who...意为“……的人”,由此可排除A项。句中出现了all the pupils,由此可知题意为“除去……的学生”,故D项排除。ones表泛指,the ones表特指。
29.B 提示:先行词the reason在定语从句he gave中用作宾语,故排除A,C,D三项。
30.A 提示:“名词+as+主语+be”是让步状语从句的一种表达式。其中的名词前不可带冠词。
31.C 提示:声音voice能体现人的情感。satisfied意为“感到满意”,符合题意。satisfying意为“令人感到满意”,多说明某物或某事。
32.B 提示:no+比较级+than…意为“与……一样不……”,表示否定。not+比较级+than…意为“与……不相上下”,表示肯定。
33.C 提示:答语谈的是过去的事情,表示对听者过去无礼的原谅。由引语境可排除A,B,D项。“do/does/did+动词原形”是一般式谓语动词的强调结构。
34.D 提示:anything but意为“绝不,一点也不”,相当于not(...)at a11.not a little意为“非常,许多”。
35.D 提示:where引出地点状语从句。succeed是不及物动词,不可接宾语。
36.B 提示:剧目成功,以致连续上演好几年,这对可怜的演员来说可倒霉了。因为下文说他们必须夜夜重复同样的台词,故unfortunate(不幸的,倒霉的)为最佳答案。
37.A 提示:重复同一台词是令人厌烦的。
38.C 提示:expect意为“期待,认为”。人们认为演员一定要把台词背得烂熟。 39.B 提示:人们认为演员绝对不会结巴的。
40.B 提示:指代前面所说的情况。
41.A 提示:high意为“高的”。highly意为“高度地,极为”。
42.D 提示:此处先行词为人,故要用who引导定语从句。
43.B 提示:尽管那个贵族每场戏都得念一遍那些信,但他还是坚持要求将信的全文写在信纸上。even though引导让步状语从句,比though语气更强。
44.B 提示:在下文第三段有暗示。
45.C 提示:play a joke on sb意为“戏弄某人”。
46.D 提示:熟记信的内容。
47.A 提示:appeared意为“出现,露面”,此处指上场。
48.B 提示:cell意为“牢房”,在上文有暗示。
49.D 提示:in full意为“全文”,这在第二段已有暗示。
50.C 提示:狱卒热切地观察着,急于想了解他的同事是否熟记了台词。
51.B 提示:“光线太暗”这是贵族委婉而又聪明的托辞,因为他记不住台词。
52.D 提示:分词短语作状语,表示时间。当狱卒发现自己连一个字也记不得时,也找了个借口。
53.A 提示:下文:“with a pair of glasses”作了暗示。
54.D 提示:“much to one’s+表示感情的名词”结构,有“给某人带来很大的……”的意思,此处狱卒的表现使贵族感到可笑。
55.A 提示:the usual copy平时使用的那封信。
第三部分:阅读理解
56.B 提示:21(受伤人)-13(送医院的伤者)=8(没有送医院的伤者)。
57.C 提示:由第三段句子“The ear-splitting blast was beard around 12︰50 p. m. said a local newspaper,citing winesses.”可知答案。
58.B 提示:对还没有侦察的案件,公安机关通常不会在公众面前进行推测。
59.D 提示:文章开头的句子已点题了。
60.C 提示:本文主要是告诉人们如何使用电话卡及解除某些有关电话卡的疑虑。
最后一句:Get a phonecard yourself and try it out,or get a bigger wallet.点出本文分明是一则广告。
61.C 提示:第一、第二部分是介绍如何使用电话卡和去哪儿买电话卡,只有第三部分从反面反映电话卡的好处。
62.B 提示:可根据常识及文中提供信息排出使用电话卡的顺序。
63.A 提示:protest m抗议,异议,gratitude m感激,obedience顺从,explanation n.解释。
64.B 提示:接受不公平的待遇。
65.C 提示:保护她的权力。
66.D 提示:sympathy n.同情,exploit v.开发。
67.D 提示:greedy,ill-tempered,strict文中均未表现出。
68.A 提示:从全文意思可知。
69.D 提示:从第五段“With the falling price of broadband communications”可知。
70.D 提示:从第四段第二句“Bandwidth is the limiting factor for sending complex medical pictures…”可知。
71.D 提示:本文是一篇议论文,在对传统的阅读教学方式进行批判的同时,论述了作者自己阅读的教学观:阅读的教与学是两个完全不同的过程。依据文章第1段第3行“It is certainly not endless hours spent in activities about reading..”(教学生如何阅读当然不是带着学生花费大量的时间去一点一点地读)。可以看出,作者认为现在教阅读的时间太多了,这当然是因为教而不教法。所以选项D正确。
72.B 提示:依据文章第2段第2行开始的句子:“The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make it possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read”(教学的任务是为学生能够找出自己最有效的自学阅读的方法创造条件和氛围),B项符合上述意思,为正确答案。
73.B 提示:该题为猜测词义。inquiry“询问”。observation“观察”。control“控制”。suspicion“怀疑”。该词出现在第3段最后一句“process is not open to public scrutiny”,考生可从该句的上文作出推测。最明显的提示出现在第2段最后一句“Teaching is also a public activity;it can be seen and observed”所以,scrutiny最可能的词义应该是observation,故B项正确。
74.A 提示:依据文章第4段、第5段所提供的信息,特别是第5段第3行“Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of learning to read by reading”(当教师们创造了一种环境,使孩子们有机会自己通过阅读解决所遇到的问题时,学习阅读就变得容易多了),可以看出A项与之最为相近。
75.C 提示:依据文章第1段第4行“reading cannot be taught directly and…”说明阅读能力并不是通过教师教就能掌握的。教师应做的是给学生创造一个好的环境和条件,激发学生阅读的渴望,培养出良好的阅读习惯、方法,只有这样,才能掌握阅读技能,提高阅读水平。所以选项C正确。其他选项与文章讨论的范围不符。
 
书面表达
A possible version: 
What will life be like without animals
Animals are close friends of human beings. Their existence, especially the existence of rare animals makes the whole world lively and colorful. Unfortunately, we heard such news recently that rare animals, even kept in the zoo, couldn't escape being hurt and killed, at which we can feel nothing but shocked. The reason why it happened is that some people lack understanding about these animals and caring for them.
Therefore, we should study and publicize the information about rare animals, and keep it in mind that protecting animals is the duty of everyone. At the same time, we should take active and effective measures. After all, protecting animals is protecting ourselves. (115 words)

>>点击查看高二英语期末试卷专题,阅读更多相关文章!

    你可能还感兴趣的相关文章

  • 高二英语期末试卷

    英语要得高分包括两方面:快速的知识积累、适当的听说读写训练与考试技术训练,同学们一定要改变天天做单选题的学习方式,加强写作、阅读、听力等硬功夫的训练,只有有了扎实的知识积累与基本技能,再加一些考试技术训练,英语成绩才能保证。

  • 高二年级上学期期末检测题
最新2021高二英语期末试卷信息由沪江高考资源网提供。

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: