高二英语试题及答案精选

所属专题:高二英语试题  来源:沪江高考资源网    要点:高二英语试题  
编辑点评: 英语学习的第一步是词汇量,词汇,重点是课本词汇,在此基础上再进行扩展。看记一个单词,可想想这个单词的其他各种形式,也可把发音规则相同或读音有某种联系的一组单词联系起来记忆。对单词,尤其是动词的掌握,应放在句子中、课文中,以词组或句子为单位来记。
高二英语试题  
英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
        从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白下的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1.It suddenly occurred to Anne that money couldn’t ________ all that Bob had suffered in the past five years.
A.make up for B.look up to C.put up with D.fit in with
2.We can live without clothes, but food and drink are _________.
A.available B.reliable C.essential D.traditional
3.He ________ his last chance of winning the election when he said the wrong thing on TV. 
A.gave off B.gave away C.gave in D.gave out
4.  These teenagers don’t know much of the world yet; that’s why they are so easily  _____ .
A. taken in       B. taken up           C. taken on          D. taken off 
5. --- Learning a language isn't easy. It takes time.
   --- I agree. _______. There's no short cut.
   A. All roads lead to Rome                    B. Rome wasn't built in a day
   C. Practice makes perfect                     D. Slow but sure wins the race
6. ______________ the weather, the athletic meeting will be held on time.
A. In contrast with   B. In relation to    C. On behalf of     D. Regardless of
7.Last week he was caught robbing the bank opposite the station. ________ his youth, the police have decided not to charge him. 
A.In spite of B.In view of C.In charge of D.In case of
8.It eventually ________ that he had been stealing money from his employers, which astonished his parents.
A.came out B.put out C.made out D.ran out
9. _________ good, the fried chicken was soon sold out.
A. Tasted     B. Being tasted        C. Tasting          D. Having tasted
10.The teacher walked to the girl and noticed her attention __________ on her mobile phone.
    A. was fixing       B. fixing             C. to fix             D. fixed
11.---I didn’t pass the English exam.
    ---         next time, and you’ll succeed.
A.Working hard B.Work hard C.To work hard   D.With hard work
12.---How can we go to the island?
    ---You can’t get there          by boat.
A.more than B.rather than C.other than D.better than
13. Once _______ a difficult and even dangerous place_________ , Vietnam is now a friendly destination that welcomes visitors from all over the world.
   A. considered; visiting                        B. considered; to visit
   C. considering; visiting                       D. considering; to visit
14. ___________ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. 
   A. Dressed      B. To dress      C. Dressing    D. Having dressed  
15. ---Shall we go to the art exhibition right away?
   ---_____________.
A. It’s your opinion    B. I don’t mind   C. It’s all up to you    D. That’s your decision 
第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
When I was a college student, I did a lot of traveling abroad. That was because a professor    16    me to do so. She said, “Now is the time for you to travel around the world,      17      your knowledge through actual experiences and have fun !” I    18     her.
Since I started to work for a    19     company, however, I have done most of my traveling through the Internet. By using the Internet, I have seen the   20      of many cities on my computer screen. And I have really made business     21   ,too. With the help of the Internet, I have also got     22    about food in different countries.
Therefore, I was beginning to feel that actual trips were   23      necessary when I happened to read a famous chef’s (厨师)comment on the Internet. He said, “It is very difficult to have real Italian food in a foreign country, because we enjoy food and the    24     around us at the same time. So why don’t you fly over to Italy and enjoy real Italian    25     ?” Those words reminded me of my   26       advice. As information technology     27    ,you might be able to do without making some real trips. But this also means that you will miss the various      28    you can get from traveling.
Today there are people who      29    direct communication with others and spend much of their time on the Internet. It is not surprising to see a group of people    30      not with each other but into their micro phones. It seems as if such people are      31    by an invisible wall. They seem to be losing out on a good chance to     32     and talk with other people. I do not think that they are taking good advantage of information technology. We should use information technology as a tool to make our daily     33     more fruitful. However, we should never let it     34     our time for face-to-face communication. Let’s make use of information technology more     35    , and have great fun in experiencing the actual world.
16.A.promised B.allowed C.hurried D.encouraged 
17.A.build up   B.use C.practise D.exchange 
18.A.agreed with B.learned from C.followed D.obeyed 
19.A.computer B.food C.clothing D.machine 
20.A.life B.rivers C.sights D.houses 
21.A.plans B.bargain C.progress D.trips 
22.A.information B.taste C.cooks D.feelings 
23.A.even more B.no longer C.much D.actually 
24.A.people B.drink C.atmosphere D.environment 
25.A.shoes B.dishes C.customers D.situations 
26.A.friend’s B.parents’ C.professor’s D.boss’
27.A.produces B.advertises C.forms D.advances 
28.A.news B.pleasures C.troubles D.places 
29.A.avoid B.keep C.lose D.enjoy 
30.A.meeting B.talking C.communicating D.traveling
31.A.stopped B.met C.surrounded D.hurt 
32.A.look at B.employ C.travel D.meet 
33.A.communication B.study C.work D.action 
34.A.spare B.increase C.reduce   D.make use of 
35.A.wisely B.correctly C.or less D.slowly 
第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项
Doctors say anger can be an extremely damaging emotion, unless you learn how to deal with it. They warn that anger can lead to heart disease, stomach problems, headaches, emotional problems and possibly cancer.
Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time. Some people express anger openly in a calm reasonable way. Others burst with anger, and scream and yell (咆哮). But other people keep their anger inside. They can not or will not express it. This is called repressing anger.
For years many doctors thought that repressing anger was more dangerous to a person’s health than expressing it. They said that when a person is angry, the brain releases the same hormones (荷尔蒙). They speed the heart rate, raise blood pressure, or sugar into the blood, etc. In general, the person feels excited and ready to act.
Some doctors say that both repressing and expressing anger can be dangerous. They believe that those who express anger violently may be more likely to develop heart disease, and they believe that those who keep their anger inside may face a greater danger of high blood pressure.
Doctors say the solution (解决办法) is learning how to deal with anger. They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger, then decide if the cause is serious enough to get angry about. If it is, they say, “Do not express your anger while angry. Wait until your anger has cooled down and you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably.”
    Doctors say that a good way to deal with anger is to find humor in the situation that has made you angry. They said that laughter is much healthier than anger.
36.“Damaging emotion” means that ______.
A.the emotion is harmless B.the emotion is harmful
C.the feeling is very strong D.the feeling is hard
37.What statement is right?
A.Were you angry, you would be cancered.
B.Once you are angry, you must be cancered 
C.Angry as you are often, you can’t be cancered.
D.Anger may cause you a cancer.
38.Expressing anger violently ______ repressing it according to some scientists.
A.is just the same as B.is more harmful than
C.is no better than D.is much better than
39.According to the author, you’d better ______.
A.never be angry
B.cool down you anger before you express it 
C.laugh and laugh when you get angry
D.admit you are wrong when you are angry 
B
“I have a regular film camera but I just don’t use it much,” said Ms Lowery, 23, a computer programmer. “When I got married last year, I had all these pictures that didn’t come out right. With digital cameras, you aren’t spending money on film for wasted pictures,” she said.
There are plenty of models from which to choose: from simple $ 200point-and-shoot snappers to $ 1,000 wonders with all the qualities that any advanced amateur (业余爱好者)could want. The wide selection is a sure sign that in many buyers’ minds, digital cameras have risen from mere gadgets to must-have items.
Digital cameras offer more than just the instant previewing of pictures on small color screens. They can store dozens, sometimes hundreds, of pictures that can be printed easily at home or sent by e-mail. Although there are extra costs-the cost of memory cards for storage and the special paper for printing—many buyers have been willing to make the switch.
Although about 90 percent of American households still use film cameras, digital cameras are capturing a growing share of the market. And the number of digital-camera households, now at about 10 percent, is certain to grow, as producers introduce more and more cameras whose quality is as good as film cameras. Soon, even professionals will use them.
Salesmen expect digital cameras to be popular gifts this holiday season. “They are very hot this year,” said Yossi Fogel at B& H Photo in New York. “The prices have come down and the quality has gone up. Who wants to travel with 30 rolls of film ? With a large memory card to store pictures, you can shoot and shoot and never have to worry about changing a roll. How many times have you missed a picture because you failed to reload the film ?”
40.Which of the following is NOT an advantage of the digital camera over the film camera ?
A.The user has to spend additional money for it.
B.It comes in many models for the customer.
C.It saves money from unwanted pictures.
D.Its pictures can be sent by e-mail.
41.According to this passage, the American household using digital cameras will increase if        .
A.their producers spend more money B.their operation becomes simpler 
C.their salesmen are more friendly D.their quality keeps improving 
42.Which of the following is NOT true about film cameras ?
A.Their pictures can be printed at a photo shop.
B.Their pictures can be enlarged as desired.
C.Their pictures can be seen before they are printed.
D.Their pictures can be stored for a long time.
C
A Train Floating On Air
A train that floats on air? It’s not magic – it’s magnets(磁). And it’s close to reality.
In Virginia USA the fall of 2002, a train with no wheels traveled on air and carried college students across their campus. In Japan, a whisper – quiet railway engine hovered and raced at 350 miles per hour using magnets and electricity as the power. And in China, a magnet train line linked Shanghai with nearby Pudong Airport.
These trains use magnetic levitation(悬浮)technology, “maglev” for short. They use the same rules as the magnets you pick up at home or school: opposite poles of magnets attract each other, and like poles repel each other.
How does it work?
Powerful magnets on the bottom of the train repel magnets on the track, which is actually just a magnet – filled guiding way. With a magnetic field of sufficient force, the train will go hovering on air, which seemed impossible to us in the past.
When an electrical current is sent through the track, the train moves. Turn the current backwards and the train slows down.
Maglev doesn’t rely on the friction(摩擦力)of wheels on track, so it can climb a much steeper hill than a traditional train. And it can travel easily in snow and ice, something that could bring normal trains to a screaming stop. 
43.This passage is about            .
  A.maglev B.magnets C.levitation D.electricity
44.Which of the following is a repelling action?
A. B. C. D.
45.What can we learn from the text?
A.A magnet – filled guiding way is formed inside a maglev train.
B.Instead of electricity, magnets are used as the power of a maglev.
C.Maglev trains can climb hills with the help of magnet wheels.
D.Electric currents decide the movements of a maglev train.
46.What is the difference between a maglev train and an ordinary train?
  A.A maglev train can climb mountains without power while an ordinary one can’t
B.A maglev train can travel in college campus while an ordinary train is not allowed.
C.Travelling without a track, a maglev train is safer and smoother than an ordinary one.
D.Floating on a track, a maglev train is faster, quieter than an ordinary railway train.
D
Driving Offence Points System
What is Driving Offence Points System?
After the introduction of this system, certain traffic offences will earn the driver points besides other punishment. If a driver makes any of these offences, the points will be recorded. When the driver gets a certain number of points, he will be forbidden to drive for a certain amount of time.
What are the purposes of this system?
This is a system designed to make road much safer. It can improve standards of driving and reduce the accident rates.
Which traffic offences will result in Driving Offence Points?
Of course, not all traffic offences are covered by this system. Only those that have direct effect on road safety are included. There are altogether fourteen items.
 
Code Offence Points
1 Causing death by dangerous driving 10
2 Dangerous driving 10
3 Careless driving 5
4 Driving after drinking or taking drugs 10
5 Driving over speed limit by more than15 km/hour 3
6 Driving in a motor race on the road 10
7 Failing to stop after an accident 3
8 Failing to give information after an accident 3
9 Failing to report an accident 3
10 Failing to obey directions of police officers 3
11 Crossing double white lines 3
12 Failing to obey traffic signals 3
13 Failing to give way to walkers at a crosswalk. Failing to stop for people walking 3
14 Failing to stop at school crossing 3
What will happen if you have got up to 10 points?
If you have got 10 points or above, but still less than 15 points, you will receive a warning letter from the Transport Department. This letter will tell your record of Driving Offence Points and remind you of the result of getting more points. It is hoped that this warning will change your driving behavior for the better.
What will happen if you have got 15 points?
If you have got 15 points or more within two years, a court will take away your driving license. The first time you are found guilty you will not be able to drive for three months, but if you are caught a second time you will not be able to drive for six months.
47. The underlined word “Offence” (Paragraph 1 ) refers to ______.
   A. a driving habit B. an official of road safety
   C. bad behavior in the office     D. an action against the traffic law
48. The Driving Offence Points _________.
   A. is a system that helps to improve the driving standards
   B. are points earned because of dangerous driving
   C. shows traffic offences of different kinds
D. is a guide dealing with traffic offences
49. What will happen to you if you have got 13 points?
   A. You will be punished for the points.
B. Your driving license will be taken away.
   C. Your record will be sent to the Transport Department.
   D. You will get a warning letter from the Transport Department.
50. What will happen to you if you are caught driving dangerously and two months later you are  caught careless driving?
   A. Your license will be taken away.
B. You will be taken to the police station.
   C. You will not be able to drive for 6 months.
D. You will not be able to drive for 3 months.
 
第二卷(共三节,满分35分) 
第一节:单词拼写(共10小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)
(51-54首字母填空,55-58根据汉语意思完成单词拼写,59-60根据句意将划线词译成汉语)
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51. Last week I got a very surprising mark A, which was beyond my modest e____________. 
52. If you drive after you have consumed alcoholic drinks, you are violating the law and r____________ your own life as well as the lives of others. 
53.Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology is changing so             r___________.  
54.He has the habit of c____________ a dictionary when he runs into new words while reading.
55.Jack has the ___________(潜在的)ability to do this job pretty well.
56.I think that hard work is____________(基础、根本) to success. 
57.I believe that the Internet has______________(积极的、正面的)effects on our everyday life. 
58.Generally speaking, people like to buy all kinds of things at a ____________(打折). 
59.The scientist built a transparent(        ) wall through which he could observe what went on in the special hives.  
60.The school has been open for six months, so it’s too early to evaluate (        )its success.
第二节:根据汉语提示,完成下列句子,每空只填一词。(共20空;每空0.5分,满分10分)
61.很多背景不同的人对电视的发展做出了贡献。
Many different people______________ _________ the development of TV. 
62.正如大家所预料的,他最小的女儿接管了公司。
As had been expected, his youngest daughter __________ __________his company.
63.那个男孩学习一定会落后,因为他沉溺于网络游戏。
The boy is sure to fall behind in his study because he is _________ _____ the Internet games.
64.这部记录片的目的在于提高人们的环保意识。
The documentary is _______ ______ increasing people’s ____________ _______ the environmental protection.
65.大火烧了将近十个小时之后,消防队员才把它扑灭。
The big fire had lasted for nearly ten hours _________ the firemen put it out.
66.由于不知道该乘哪趟公交车,她向我求助。
________ ___________ which bus to take, she turned to me for help.
67. 广告经常使用与幸福有关的一些词汇。 
The advertisements often use words that are______________ __________ happiness.
68.把所有的因素都考虑起来看,这项活动取得了极大的成功。
____________ everything _________ ______________,the event was a great success.
69.这种品牌电脑在质量上优于其他品牌,所以很受欢迎。
This brand of computer is __________ ______ quality to any others, so it is well received.
第三节:书面表达(满分20分)
最近的一项研究表明,江苏大约有50%的青少年没有吃早餐的习惯。请根据表格内容用英语写一篇题为“Top Meal of the Day”的短文刊登在21st Century上。
原因 1、学习太晚,多睡一会。
2、家长太忙,给钱让孩子自己解决。
3、女孩子保持苗条身材。
结果 1、课堂上睡觉。
2、注意力下降。
3、成绩不理想。
建议 …….
注意: 1.词数:120左右。
    2.不要逐字翻译,要点可适当发挥。
 
 
参考答案
单选: 1-5 ACBAB   6-10 DBACD    11-15 BCBAC
完型:16-20 DAA BC  21-25 DA BCB    26-30 CDBAB   31-35CDACA
阅读:36-39 BDCB    40-42 ADC       43-46 ABDD     47-50DADD 
单词:51.expectations 52.risking 53.rapidly 54.consulting 55.potential 56.fundamental 57.positive 58.discount 59.透明的 60. 评价、评估  
词组:61. contributed to  62. took over   63.addicted to  
64. aimed at; awareness of  65. before  66. Not knowing  
67.associated with  68.Taking, into, consideration  
69. superior, in, 
 
作文:One possible version:
     Top Meal of the Day
A recent study shows that nearly 50 percent of the school kids in Jiangsu do not have breakfast. They tend to feel sleepy all day and unable to concentrate on the lessons, so it is hard for them to get high marks in all kinds of tests.
There are some reasons for this. To begin with, some students who study late into the night choose to ignore breakfast just to have a few extra minutes in bed. Others, whose parents are too busy to prepare breakfast for them, have to buy it on the way to school with the given money. In addition, a few schoolgirls want to stay slim and often go to school without breakfast.
In fact, the morning meal plays an important part. It can provide 30 percent of the whole day’s energy. For a creative mind and better judgment, school kids should start their day with a regular breakfast.

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