高中英语词汇:与take有关的短语

所属专题:高考英语词汇  来源:高考英语网    要点:高中词汇  
编辑点评: 英语单词take是一个很简单的单词,也是英语中常用的单词,但与它相关的短语很多,而且很多短语有多种不同的意思,很容易混淆,在这里给大家总结一下,方便大家记忆。

take短语用法完全归纳

1. take back 收回,接回,退回。

如:I’m sorry, I take back what I said.

对不起,我收回我说过的话。

They wouldn’t take back the shirt.

衬衫他们不让退货。

2. take down

(1) 写下,记下。

如:He took down everything the teacher said.

他把老师说的所有话都记了下来。

I didn’t take down his phone number.

我没有记下他的电话号码。

(2) 拆下,拆掉。

如:The machine takes down easily.

这机器很容易拆。

They decided to take down the dangerous bridge.

他们决定把这座危险的桥拆掉。

3. take in

(1) 收留。

如:So he took in the boy (dog).

所以他就收留了这个男孩(这条狗)。

(2) 包括。

如:The list takes in everyone.

每个人都上了名单。

(3) 理解。

如:We find it difficult to take in what he teaches.

我们发现他教的东西很难理解。

(4) 欺骗,使上当。

如:Don’t be taken in by his promises.

别被他的诺言所欺骗。

4. take off

(1) 脱下。

如:Take off your wet clothes.

脱下你的湿衣服。

He took off his glasses and looked up.

他取下眼镜, 抬头看了看。

(2) 起飞。

如:When did the plane take off?

飞机是什么时候起飞的?

(3) 打折扣,扣掉,去掉。

如:Can you take five dollars off the price?

你可以减价五美元吗?

(4) 请假,休息。

如:I want to take a day off (from work).

我想休假一天。

5. take on

(1) 聘用,雇用。

如:The company decided to take on a new secretary.

这家公司决定聘一个新秘书。

(2) 呈现,显现,具有。

如:This word had taken a new meaning.

这个词有了新的意义。

Her face took on a new expression.

她的脸上露出了新的表情。

(3) 承担或担任(工作或责任等)。

如:He advised me not to take on too much work.

他劝我不要做太多的工作。

6. take over 接替,接管,继承。如:接替,接管,继承。

如:Who will take over his job?

他的工作由谁来接替?

Would you like me to take over the driving for a while?

你愿意让我接替你开一会儿车吗?

7. take to

(1) 喜欢。

如:He took to Mary as soon as they met.

他一见玛丽就爱上了她。

(2) 养成习惯,沉溺于。

如:He soon took to drinking again.

不久他又喝起酒来。不久他又喝起酒来。

(3) 去(某处)。

如:He was ill and had to take to bed.

他病倒了,只好卧床。

8. take up

(1) 开始(学习或从事等)。

如:He dropped medicine and took up physics.

他放弃学医,开始学物理。

For a long time I had wanted to take up writing.

很久以来我一直想从事写作。

(2) 继续。

如:We took up our journey the next day.

第二天我们继续赶路。

This chapter takes up where the last one left off.

本章接续上一章谈到的内容。

(3) 占去(时间或空间)。

如: The table takes up too much room.

这桌子太占地方了。

The work took up all of Sunday.

这活儿占去了整个星期天。

(4) 接纳(乘客等),接受(挑战,建议,条件等)。

如:The bus stopped to take up passengers.

公共汽车停下来让乘客上车。

He has taken up the bet.

他已接受打赌的条件。

(5) 提出(商讨),讨论。

如:There’s another matter which we ought to take up.

还有一件事我们要提出来商量。

9. take sb sth / take sth to sb 给某人带(送)去某物。

如:Take your father this glass of water. / Take this glass of water to your father.

把这杯水给你父亲送去。

Take her some flowers. / Take some flowers to her.

带一些花给她。

10. take sb (sth) for [to be]……把某人(某物)当作……。

如:He took her smile for agreement.

他把她的微笑视为同意。

Of course I didn’t tell her your secret ---- what do you take me for?

当然我没有把你的秘密告诉她---你都把我当什么人了?

I took him for an honest man [to be honest].

我看他为人老实。

I took him for Mr Smith.

我错把他看成是史密斯先生。

注:按传统说法:take……for 往往指不合事实地“错误认为”,而 take……to be [as]则可能指正确地

也可能指不正确地“认为”,但现代英语已不完全遵循此规则。

11. It takes (sb) some time to do sth 做某事花 (某人)时间。

如:It took me two hours to do the maths exercises.

做数学练习花了我两个小时。

It will take three hours to go there by bus.

坐公共汽车去要花三个小时。

注:该句型在现代英语中可有多种变体。

比较:It took him half an hour to mend his bike. / It took half an hour for him to mend the bike.

他修理自行车花了半个小时。

It took him 10 minutes to solve the problem. / He took 10 minutes solving [to solve] the problem.

他花10分钟解出了这道题。

It took me an hour to write the letter. / The letter took me an hour (to write). / I took an hour to write the letter.

我写这封信花了一个小时。

按传统语法,以上句型只用于花时间,不用于花钱,但这在现代英语中已有所改变。

如:It took him a lot of money to buy her a fur coat. / It took a lot of money for him to buy her a fur coat.

他给她买一件皮外套花了不少钱。

12. It takes sth (某做某事花精力(需要人等)。

如:It takes two to make a quarrel.

一个巴掌拍不响。

It took three men to lift the box.

抬这个箱子要三个人。

It would take a strong man to do the work.

身强力壮的人才做得了这工作。

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