1. take back 收回，接回，退回。
如：I’m sorry, I take back what I said.
They wouldn’t take back the shirt.
2. take down
如：He took down everything the teacher said.
I didn’t take down his phone number.
如：The machine takes down easily.
They decided to take down the dangerous bridge.
3. take in
如：So he took in the boy (dog).
如：The list takes in everyone.
如：We find it difficult to take in what he teaches.
如：Don’t be taken in by his promises.
4. take off
如：Take off your wet clothes.
He took off his glasses and looked up.
如：When did the plane take off?
如：Can you take five dollars off the price?
如：I want to take a day off (from work).
5. take on
如：The company decided to take on a new secretary.
如：This word had taken a new meaning.
Her face took on a new expression.
如：He advised me not to take on too much work.
6. take over 接替，接管，继承。如：接替，接管，继承。
如：Who will take over his job?
Would you like me to take over the driving for a while?
7. take to
如：He took to Mary as soon as they met.
如：He soon took to drinking again.
如：He was ill and had to take to bed.
8. take up
如：He dropped medicine and took up physics.
For a long time I had wanted to take up writing.
如：We took up our journey the next day.
This chapter takes up where the last one left off.
如： The table takes up too much room.
The work took up all of Sunday.
如：The bus stopped to take up passengers.
He has taken up the bet.
如：There’s another matter which we ought to take up.
9. take sb sth / take sth to sb 给某人带(送)去某物。
如：Take your father this glass of water. / Take this glass of water to your father.
Take her some flowers. / Take some flowers to her.
10. take sb (sth) for [to be]……把某人(某物)当作……。
如：He took her smile for agreement.
Of course I didn’t tell her your secret ---- what do you take me for?
I took him for an honest man [to be honest].
I took him for Mr Smith.
注：按传统说法：take……for 往往指不合事实地“错误认为”，而 take……to be [as]则可能指正确地
11. It takes (sb) some time to do sth 做某事花 (某人)时间。
如：It took me two hours to do the maths exercises.
It will take three hours to go there by bus.
比较：It took him half an hour to mend his bike. / It took half an hour for him to mend the bike.
It took him 10 minutes to solve the problem. / He took 10 minutes solving [to solve] the problem.
It took me an hour to write the letter. / The letter took me an hour (to write). / I took an hour to write the letter.
如：It took him a lot of money to buy her a fur coat. / It took a lot of money for him to buy her a fur coat.
12. It takes sth (某做某事花精力(需要人等)。
如：It takes two to make a quarrel.
It took three men to lift the box.
It would take a strong man to do the work.