高中英语词汇:想成为become

所属专题:高考英语词汇  来源:高考英语网    要点:高中词汇  
编辑点评: 大概每个人都有梦想,我记得我小的时候就梦想着长大能成为一名教师,后来又想成为医生,警察,服装设计师,不过现在看来只有教师是有可能的,so I hope I can become a teacher.

1. 用作连系动词,其后可接名词、形容词、过去分词等作表语。

如:He became a teacher at (the age of) 17.

他17岁就当了老师。

The weather became warmer.

天气变得暖和起来。

Soon the room became crowded.

不一会儿房里就挤满了人。

注意:其后接过去分词时,可表示被动或结果;但表示被动时,其后一般不接 by短语。

比如不说 Soon the room became crowded by students.

2. become 是终止性动词,因此要表示“成为…有多长时间”有多长时间,英语不能将become与表示一段时间的词或短语连用。

如:他成为老师有十年了。

正:He became a teacher ten years ago.

正:It’s ten years since he became a teacher.

正:He has been a teacher for ten years.

误:He has become a teacher for ten years.

3. become 之后一般不接不定式表示“逐渐…” (此时可用 come, begin+不定式)。如:+不定式

正:He began [came] to like English. 他开始喜欢英语起来。

误:He became to like English.

正:He became ill yesterday. 他昨天病了。

误:He became to be ill yesterday.

4. 用于习语 become of, 表示“发生”、“遭遇”等 (常与 what连用)。

如:What has become of the girl? 

这个女孩后来怎样了?

I don’t know what will become of me if I fail this time.

要是我这次不成功,我不知我会怎么样。

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