高一英语必修一知识点总结:unit2

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  1.official adj.官方的;正式的;公务的→office n.办公室→officer n.官员

  2.voyage n.航行;航海

  3.native adj.本国的;本地的 n.本地人;本国人

  4.actually adv.实际上;事实上

  5.base vt.以……为根据n.基部;基地;基础→basic adj.基本的;基础的

  6.gradual adj.逐渐的,逐步的→gradually adv.逐渐地,逐步地

  7.identity n.本身;本体;身份→identical adj.相同的,一样的→identify v.确定;认出;鉴定

  8.fluent adj.流利的;流畅的→fluently adv.流利地,流畅地→fluency n.流利,流畅

  9.frequent adj.频繁的;常见的→frequently adv.常常;频繁地→frequency n.频率;频度

  10.usage n.使用;用法;词语惯用法→useful adj.有用的→use n. & v.使用,利用

  11.command n. & vt.命令;指令;掌握→commander n.指挥员,司令员

  12.request n.& vt.请求;要求

  13.expression n.词语;表示;表达→express v.表达→expressive adj.富于表情的;有表现力的

  14.recognize vt.辨认出;承认;公认→recognizable adj.容易认出的;易于识别的→recognition n.认出;认识;识别

  15.accent n.口音;腔调;重音

  16.lightning n.闪电

  17.straight adv.直接地;挺直地 adj.直的;笔直的;正直的

  重点短语

  1.because of         由于;因为

  2.come up 走近;上来

  3.at present 现在;目前

  4.make use of 利用

  5.such as 例如……;像这种的

  6.play a part in 扮演一个角色;参与

  7.ever before 从前

  8.even if/though 即使

  9.be based on 以……为基础

  10.over time 长期以来

  11.in the early days 在早期

  12.the same as 相同于

  ●重点句型

  1.Today, more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before.如今说英语的人比以往任何时候都多,他们有的把英语作为第一语言来说,有的把它作为第二语言或外语。

  2.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.以英语为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相互交流。

  3.Believe it or not,_there is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。

  ●高考范文

  (2009•全国卷Ⅱ)

  假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Sarah 打算暑期来北京旅游,来信询问改建后前门大街的情况。请你写封回信,简单介绍以下内容:

  1. 简况:长800余米、600多年历史、300余家商铺;

  2. 位置:天安门广场南面;

  3. 交通:公共汽车17、69、59等路,地铁2号线;

  4. 特色:步行街、当当车、茶馆、剧院等。

  参考词汇:步行街 pedestrian street

  当当车 trolley car

  地铁 subway

  注意:1. 词数100左右,开头语已为你写好;

  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  Dear Sarah,

  Thank you for you letter asking about the rebuilt Qianmen street. Here is something about it. _________________________________________________

  _________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  [范文]

  Dear Sarah,

  Thankyou for your letter asking about the rebuilt Qianmen street. Here is something about it. It is more than 800 meters long with a history of over 600 years and 300 shops around it. It lies south of the Tian'anmen Square and its traffic is very convenient. You can take several buses such as No. 17, 69,59, etc. to get there. You can also take No.2 subway. There are many attractions here.

  For example, you can walk on the pedestrian street to experience the rich culture of Beijing and buy something you like. You can also take trolley car to go wherever you'd like to. Besides, there are some tea shops and theaters where you can relax yourself after some walk.

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