高考英语听力答题技巧

所属专题:2016高考英语听力试题及答案(含音频)  来源:互联网    要点:高考听力备考技巧  
编辑点评: 高考正在紧张的备考阶段,高考英语的学习依然至关重要,不仅靠知识的积累和运用,同时也需要学习的方法和做题的技巧。

高考正在紧张的备考阶段,高考英语的学习依然至关重要,不仅靠知识的积累和运用,同时也需要学习的方法和做题的技巧。

一、学会预测
预测是在做听力理解之前根据各种暗示,如所给答案选项,段落或对话标题等已有知识,对即将听到的段落或对话内容进行预测。

1. 从答案选项中预测:
Q: What does Tom do?
A. He’s a truck driver. B. He’s a ship captain. C. He’s a pilot.

录音原文: W: Tom flew to Anchorage last night, then took some passengers from there to Dallas . M: Yeah, but he couldn't land because the airport in Dallas was snowed in. 从选项看,问题应是关于职业方面的,再从flew, passengers, airport这些信息词中可知道Tom的职业。

2. 从说话人口气预测:

在A,B两人的对话中,如果B是附和或赞成,往往说“Yes”,“I agree”,“Sure”,“I think so”等。但如A用否定句,B表同意时则用“No”,“Neither / Nor?”等。

例如: A: Harvey doesn't seem to fit into this class. B: No, he is really a fish out of water.

二、做简要笔记

听录音时快速,准确,简要地记下有关信息(包括数字,人名,地名,关键词),前提是不要影响跟听速度,采用自己习惯的符号。

例:How much will the man pay for the tickets?
A.$18 B. $24 C. $30

原文:W: Tickets for the movie are $ 6 for adults, half price for children. M: All right, I’d like three tickets for adults and two tickets for children, please. 笔记可简化为:$ 6 A(A代表adult),C代表children,3A+2C或6 A(3)+ half C(2)

三、听清数据,简要记录,加以运算。

在获取时间信息时,不要误把会话中提到的时间简单确定为问题的答案。高考听力考查时间时往往要进行简单的时间换算。
At what time does the train to Leeds leave?
A. 3:00 B. 3:15 C. 5:00

录音原文: W: Excuse me, could you tell me when the next train to Manchester is? M: Sure. Well, it's 3 now. The next train to Manchester leaves in 2 hours, but you can take the train to Leeds which leaves in 15 minutes, and then get off at Manchester on the way. 对话中提到了三个时间It's 3 now, in 2 hours,in 15 minutes.

现在是3点,开往Manchester的火车要两小时后才开,即The train to Manchester leaves in 2 hours。若简单机械地把3点和2点相加,会得出火车5点才开的错误选项C。

数字类问题分辨别类和计算类两种:

1. 要注意区分-teen和-ty及four和five的发音;辨别多位数,如电话号码,门牌等

2. 计算时间,钱款,距离,年龄,人或物的数量等;听出数字间的关系,更要听清问题,因为对运算方法的要求通常寓于问题中;注意more, less, as much(many)as, another, double, a couple of; to, past, quarter; 记住时间是60进制 如出现几个数字,应注意鉴别问的是那一个。

例:At what time does the office open?
A. At 8:15 B. At 8:30 C. At 7:45

从常识判断,办公时间往往以整点开始,而不会在几点几分。

听力原文:M: I wonder why the office is still not open. W: But it's not yet eight. In fact, it's only a quarter to eight.

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