2014高考英语语法总结:It的用法(五)

所属专题:2014年高考考后特别策划  来源:    要点:高考英语语法  
编辑点评: 2014年的高考即将到来,小编也想为广大考生出一份力。为大家整理出了2014高考英语语法总结,希望能帮到大家!本章节的内容为It用法的精讲,快来看看吧!

五、It 用作形式宾语用来替代作宾语的从句、动词不定式、动名词,而把真正作宾语的从句、动词不定式、动名词置于句尾。

It 作形式宾语的常见句型:

1. verb+ it+ adj./noun (for/of) to do/clause (verb=think, believe, suppose, consider, feel, make, keep…)例I think it hard for you to do the task on your own./I think it hard that you'll do the task on your own.

2. verb+it+adj./noun (one's) doing (adj.=useless/worth/worthwhile)(noun=no use/no good/worth one's while/a waste of time/money/energy/words) (verb=think, believe, suppose, consider, feel, make, keep…)例I'll make it worth your while telling me about his secret.

3. verb+it+ important/unimportant/necessary/unnecessary/natural/essential that … (should)…verb+it+of much/great/no/little importance that…(should)…(verb=think, believe, suppose, consider, feel, make, keep…)例I think it important that you (should) attendthe conference.

4. verb + it+ as+ noun/adj.+ clause (verb=accept, regard, take, see, view)例The lecturer takes it as encouraging when so many students attend his lecture.

5. v. +it + prep. + that…owe it to sb. that…把…归功于…leave it to sb that…把…留给某人去做take it for granted that …想当然keep it in mind that…例Don't bother to arrange anything. Just leave it to me to sort out.

6. It用在不能直接跟宾语从句的动词后面,尤其是表示好恶的动词后,enjoy, like, love, dislike, resent, hate, don't mind, be fond of, feel like, see to 宾语从句紧跟it之后例I hate it you can swim so well and I can't.

7. It用在不能直接跟宾语从句的介词后面,宾语从句紧跟it之后(except that例外)例I'm for it that you will follow their advice.

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