2014高考英语语法总结:反义疑问句(二)

所属专题:2014年高考考后特别策划  来源:互联网    要点:高考英语语法  
编辑点评: 2014年的高考即将到来,小编也想为广大考生出一份力。为大家整理出了2014高考英语语法总结,希望能帮到大家!本章节的内容为反义疑问句的精讲,快来看看吧!

二、反意疑问句:依据陈述句的谓语

1. 当陈述句谓语动词为have解时,反意疑问句可用have,也可用do

Humans have two legs,haven't they?人有两条腿,不是吗?

Hollywood has many old movie sets,hasn't it?好莱坞有许多老式电影布景,不是吗?

He doesn't have skill at writing,does he?他没有写作技巧,不是吗?

They don't have the sense to admit defeat,do they?他们不懂得承认失败,不是吗?

2. 当陈述句谓语动词为have经历,遭受,得到,等解时,疑问部分只用do的适当形式。

You had a wonderful time in park yesterday,didn't you?昨天你们在公园玩得愉快极了,是吗?

That day he did not have a bite of food from five in the morning till nine in the evening,did he?那天,他从早晨5点到晚上9点连一口饭都没吃,是吗?

Lots of girls here have influenza,don't they? 这儿好些女孩患了流感,是吗?

3. 当陈述句谓语动词含有have/has/had to,疑问部分用do的适当形式。

Children have to learn to join up their letters,don't they?孩子们得学会拼写单词,不是吗?

You have to live with the fact that you've lost all your money,don't you?你不得不接受你丢了所有的钱这个事实,不是吗?

We had to find somewhere to stop for lunch,didn't we?我们得找个地方停下来吃午饭,不是吗?

He had to satisfy all claims for the damage he had caused,didn't he?他必须赔偿他造成的所有损失,不是吗?

4. 当陈述句谓语动词为系动词时,疑问部分要重复这些系动词。陈述句谓语若是am,疑问部分要用aren't I(ain't I)否定,而不用an't Iam not I

You weren't very nice to me last Saturday,were you?上星期六你对我不太好,是不是?

The circus were very good,weren't they?这个马戏团很不错,不是吗?

Loneliness was a matter of feeling time hanging heavy on your hands,wasn't it?寂寞这玩意儿就是自觉闲得无聊的感受,不是吗?

Mary's new boyfriend is quite a dish,isn't he?玛丽新交的男朋友挺帅的,是不是?

You're very fast,aren't you?你动作很快,对吧?

You're not going out in those clothes,are you?你们没有穿那些衣服外出,是吗?

I'm very pleased with what he has done,aren't I?我对他所做的一切感到很满意,不是吗?

I'm tired of seeing all these repeats on television,ain't I?那些重复的电视节目我都看腻了,不是吗?

5. 当陈述句谓语动词为助动词/情态动词+实义动词,疑问部分要重复这些助动词或情态动词。

You won't go swimming tomorrow,will you?你明天不去游泳,是吗?

You'll only tell it to Father,won't you?你只会把这件事告诉爸爸,不是吗?

You will remember about watering the flowers,won't you?记住给花浇水,行吗?

You can't see people starve without trying to help them,can you?你不会坐视人们挨饿而不去想办法帮助他们的,是吧?

6. needdare用作情态动词时,疑问部分用needdare

We needn't hurry with our meeting,need we?我们用不着匆忙开会,是吗?

He needn't have gone there yesterday,need he?他昨天其实不必去那儿,是吗?

She daren't touch lobster,dare she?她不敢吃龙虾,是吗?

He dare do it,daren't he?他敢做这件事,不是吗?

7. needdare用作行为动词时,疑问部分用dodoes

He dares any danger,doesn't he?他敢于冒任何风险,不是吗?

He didn't dare to speak to her,did he?他不敢和她说话,是吗?

He didn't need to be reminded about it,did he?不必向他提醒那件事,是吗?

8. 当陈述句谓语部分含有used to,疑问部分常用usedn'tdidn't两种形式。但是,如果是there used to be...句型,反意疑问句用wasn't/weren't there

In former times,people used to fight with swords,usedn't they?早些时候,人们用剑格斗,是吗?

He used to be quite a good player,didn't he?他曾是个相当好的运动员,不是吗?

There used to be a hole in the fence,wasn't there?以前篱笆上有一个口子,是吗?

There used to be a big and beautiful garden at the back of their house,wasn't there?以前在他们房子的后方是一个美丽的大花园,是吗?

9. 谓语部分含有had better的陈述句的反意疑问句用hadn't

You had better discuss with her the disposal of the furniture,hadn't you?你最好和她讨论一下如何布置家具,不是吗?

We had better treat it as a joke,hadn't we?我们最好把它当作玩笑,不是吗?

10. 谓语部分含有would rather的陈述句的反意疑问句用wouldn't

He'd rather that it hadn't happened,wouldn't he?他宁愿没有发生过这样的事,不是吗?

11. 谓语部分含有would like的陈述句的反意疑问句用wouldn't

He would like to back out of the contract,wouldn't he?他想取消这个合同,是吗?

She'd like to be a film actress,wouldn't she?她想当电影演员,是吗?

He'd like to go,wouldn't he?他要走,是吗?

12. 谓语部分含有ought to的陈述句的反意疑问句用shouldn'toughtn't

He ought to be in London by now,shouldn't he?此刻他应该在伦敦了,不是吗?

You ought to keep your passions under control,oughtn't you?你应该抑制住你的愤怒,不是吗?

13. 当陈述句的谓语动词是表示愿望的wish,反意疑问句中谓语要用may,而且前后两个部分均用肯定形式。

I wish to change some pocket money,may I?我希望换些零钱,行吗?

I wish to speak to you in private,may I?我希望私下和你谈谈,可以吗?

I wish to use your car,may I?我想借你的车用一下,行吗?

14. 陈述句中must表猜测时,其后动词的类属和时态不同,反意疑问句也不同;must表必要性时,反意疑问句常用mustneed的适当形式。

Your mother must be anxious to know the particulars,isn't she?你的母亲一定急于了解详情,是吗?

The student must be working very hard,isn't he?这个学生学习一定很刻苦,是吗?

You must have seen the film last week,didn't you?你上星期一定看过这部电影了,是吗?

The thief must have entered by the rear door,hasn't he?小偷一定是从后门进来的,不是吗?

You mustn't sort with thieves,must you?你绝不能与盗贼为伍,不是吗?

A judge must deal out justice to all men,needn't he?法官必须对每个人都公正,不是吗?

15. 当陈述句中的谓语动词含有maymight,反意疑问句要用maymight的适当形式(偶尔也用will表示请求)

I may have made a mistake in the count,mayn't I?我在数的过程中有可能数错了,不是吗?

The experience may have been long in your memory,mayn't it?经验在你的记忆中可能会永存,不是吗?

You might have tried to be a little quieter last night,mightn't you?昨晚你本应该安静点的,不是吗?

You might tell them that I hope to be back tomorrow night,will you?你可以告诉他们,我希望明晚回来,行吗?

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