2014届广东省龙川一中高三10月月考英语试题(附答案)

所属专题:高三月考试卷  来源:    要点:英语月考  
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Ⅱ 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

I used to know nothing about fairy tales. To improve my reading skills,my mother gave me books that are a little difficult for me to understand. I didn’t even know that fairy tales existed until I attended public school at the age of eight. Of course once I found out about books of this type,I would read them as quickly as I could.

Again and again,I begged my mother to take me to the library and let me choose a few. Finally,my request was granted (允许).After our return from the library,I started reading them eagerly and energetically,one after another. And I tried to put myself in the female character’s shoe. I found she had to suffer before the handsome prince came to her rescue,and then they would live happily ever after.

I asked my mother why she never let me know about fairy tales. Looking straight in my eyes,she told me that life is not like fairy tale. There are good and bad things that will happen through life. At the end,though,there is not a man that will come and “save” us. We do not need savings;we instead want someone in our lives to share those good moments and bad ones;we want someone we can rely on and also they can rely on us. Life is not about “happy ever after”.

What then is life about,mom? Life is the finding things. He holds your hands and says “come with me” and you live,laugh and love together. But things are not going to be perfect. You still have to face difficulties together,working hard for your relationship.

26.Before the age of eight,the author________.

A.received no formal education

B.took no interest in reading books

C.didn’t read any books of fairy tales

D.was forced to improve her reading skills

27.What happened to the author after she attended public school?

A.She started to like reading.

B.She was crazy about fairy tales.

C.Her mother always took her to the library.

D.Her mother didn’t allow her to read books of fairy tales.

28.What’s the author’s understanding of fairy tales at first?

A.They reflect part of the real world.

B.They are unreal but worth reading.

C.The major characters always have a happy ending.

D.The major characters will be rewarded for their kindness.

29.How does the author’ mother like fairy tales?

A.A must for her kid.

B.Unnecessary for her kid.

C.Easy for her kid to understand.

D.Helpful in building her kid’s character.

30.The author’s mother intends to explain that________.

A.life is not perfect

B.no pains,no gains

C.life is about sharing

D.one needs to live on his/her own

B

The meal usually begins with a set of at least four cold dishes,to be followed by the main courses of hot meat and vegetable dishes.Soup then will be served (unless in Guangdong style restaurants) to be followed by staple food ranging from rice,noodles to dumplings.If you wish to have your rice to go with other dishes,you should say so in good time,for most of the Chinese choose to have the staple food at last or have none of them at all.

Perhaps one of the things that surprises a Western visitor most is that some of the Chinese hosts like to put food into the plates of their guests.In formal dinners,there are always “public” chopsticks and spoons for this purpose,but some hosts may use their own chopsticks.This is a sign of genuine friendship and politeness.It is always polite to eat the food.If you do not eat it,just leave the food in the plate.

People in China tend to over-order food,for they will find it embarrassing if all the food is consumed.When you have had enough,just say so.Or you will always overeat!

31.The main difference on dinner table between China and West is ___________.

A.you have your own plate of food in West while in China everyone shares the dishes.

B.on Chinese dinner table,chopsticks replace knife and fork.

C.you’re treated to a formal dinner for the first time.

D.the host will do the best to give you a taste of many different types of dishes.

32.If you have a dinner in a Chinese home,in which order will the food be served in China?

a.a set of four cold dishes.

b.staple food such as rice,noodle or dumplings.

c.the main courses of hot meat and vegetable dishes.

d.serving soup.

A.acbd B.cabd C.acdb D.cadb

33.According to the passage,we can infer that ___________.

A.Chinese think it impolite for guests to leave food in the plate.

B.Chinese think it polite to put food into the plated of the guests with their own chopsticks.

C.People in China tend to over-order food,for they will find it embarrassing if all the food is consumed.

D.Chinese all think it impolite for guests to ask for a pair of knife and fork.

34.The sentence,in Paragraph 2,“you should say so in good time” means ______.

A.you should say so early

B.you should say so happily

C.you’d better say so

D.you should say so kindly.

35.The “public chopsticks and spoons” are used for/to ______.

A.show the politeness to the guests.

B.share the food together

C.show the genuine friendship and politeness

D.put food into the plates of their guests

C

You may not pay much attention to your daily elevator ride. Many of us use a lift several times during the day without really thinking about it. But Lee Gray, PhD, of the University of North Carolina, US, has made it his business to examine this overlooked form of public transport. He is known as the “Elevator Guy”.

“The lift becomes this interesting social space where etiquette (礼仪) is sort of odd (奇怪的),” Gray told the BBC. “They [elevators] are socially very interesting but often very awkward places.”

We walk in and usually turn around to face the door. If someone else comes in, we may have to move. And here, according to Gray, lift users unthinkingly go through a set pattern of movements. He told the BBC what he had observed.

He explained that when you are the only one inside a lift, you can do whatever you want - it’s your own little box.

If there are two of you, you go into different corners, standing diagonally (对角线地) across from each other to create distance.

When a third person enters, you will unconsciously form a triangle. And when there is a fourth person it becomes a square, with someone in every corner. A fifth person is probably going to have to stand in the middle.

New entrants to the lift will need to size up the situation when the doors slide open and then act decisively. Once in, for most people the rule is simple - look down, or look at your phone.

Why are we so awkward in lifts?

“You don’t have enough space,” Professor Babette Renneberg, a clinical psychologist at the Free University of Berlin, told the BBC. “Usually when we meet other people we have about an arm’s length of distance between us. And that’s not possible in most elevators.”

In such a small, enclosed space it becomes very important to act in a way that cannot be construed (理解) as threatening or odd. “The easiest way to do this is to avoid eye contact,” she said.

36.The main purpose of the article is to _____.

A. remind us to enjoy ourselves in the elevator

B. tell us some unwritten rules of elevator etiquette

C. share an interesting but awkward elevator ride

D. analyze what makes people feel awkward in an elevator

37. According to Gray, when people enter an elevator, they usually _____.

A. turn around and greet one another

B. look around or examine their phone

C. make eye contact with those in the elevator

D. try to keep a distance from other people

38. Which of the following describes how people usually stand when there are at least two people in an elevator? ________

39. The underlined phrase “size up” in Paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to _____.

A. judge B. ignore C. put up with D. make the best of

40. According to the article, people feel awkward in lifts because of _____.

A. someone’s odd behaviors B. the lack of space

C. their unfamiliarity with one another D. their eye contact with one another

D

She’s not afraid of anything. Snakes? No problem. Walking alone in the dark? Easy. We’re not talking about a superhero here -- SM is a 44-year-old mother. And she’s fearless because she happens to be missing part of her brain: the amygdala(扁桃腺).

Shaped like a pair of almonds sitting in the middle of your brain, the amygdala helps control fear and anxiety. A rare condition called Urbach-Wiethe disease left SM without her amygdala, and seems to have completely erased her sense of fear.

To try to understand how the amygdala works, a team of researchers made their efforts to scare SM. They showed her horror movies and took her to the Waverly Hills Sanatorium Haunted House in Kentucky. She pushed out one of the monsters(巨物) and laughed. SM said she didn’t like snakes, but at a pet store full of poisonous creatures, she kept asking to touch them. When asked to rate her feelings, SM reported feeling surprised or disgusted, but never fearful.

“She tends to approach everything she should be avoiding,” says Justin Feinstein of the University of Iowa. This means the amygdala could control deeper urges to approach or avoid danger. Other scientists have a different opinion, though. “I don’t believe you can make a general statement about what the amygdala does by a single case study,” Elizabeth Phelps said. In 2002, Phelps published a study on a similar patient with amygdala damage who still showed fear.

It may sound like fun to be totally fearless, but we get scared for a good reason. “The nature of fear is survival and the amygdala helps us stay alive by avoiding situations, people, or objects that put our life in danger,” Feinstein said. SM was once followed in a park after dark by a man with a knife, and she simply walked away. “It is quite remarkable that she is still alive,” said Feinstein.

41. SM dares to walk alone in the dark mainly because ____________.

A. she is a superhero B. she has experienced such conditions a lot

C. she is a mental patient D. she has no sense of fear

42. Researchers tried their best to frighten SM in order to find ___________.

A. The function of a particular organ

B. SM’s reaction of fear and anxiety

C. The process of removing amygdala

D. A special way to get along with monsters

43. What do we know from the research on SM?

A. It was easy for her to avoid danger.

B. SM never felt fearful but disgusted.

C. SM was frightened by nothing except monsters.

D. SM got along well with the snakes.

44. What is Elizabeth Phelps’ attitude toward the function of the amygdala based on the research on SM?

A. Indifferent B. Supportive C. Disapproving D. Interested

45. What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. People can remove their amygdala to be fearless.

B. SM will be admired because of her bravery.

C. No one can survive if their amygdala is removed.

D. The sense of fear is crucial to humans.

第二节信息匹配(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。把答案填涂在答题卡上相应的题号的答案标号上,如答案是E把AB同时一起涂黑,如答案是F把 CD同时一起涂黑。首先,请阅读下面的应用文

A. Chinook’s at Salmon Bay (Ballard/Crown Hill)

This casual seafood restaurant - practically a city institution - is always dependably family-friendly, and its food is always satisfying. It’s a great place to take visiting friends and families too.

B. Matt’s in the Market (Downtown)

The most romantic feature about this cozy closet of a restaurant in the Pike Place Market is its size. It might also make it tough to get into without a wait.

C. St. Clouds (Madison Park/ Madrona / Leschi)

Youngsters get special attention from kind staff, and sweet-treatment extends to the kids’ weekend brunch menu and their dinner options.

D. RockSport Bar & Grill (West Seattle)

Everything about RockSport is big: the seating area, the menu, and last but not least, the wall-sized projection TV screen.

E. Canlis Restaurant (Queen Anne/Seattle Center)

Canlis is the place to go when you want to plan a really, truly special experience (marriage proposals, big anniversaries, etc.). The food, service and setting are all spectacular.

F. Red-hot bakeries

No matter where you go in this wide, wide world, one thing holds true: People absolutely love fresh-baked bread. Our little corner of the planet boasts more than a few bakeries that make breads and delectable pastries worth falling for.

请阅读以下就餐者的信息,然后匹配就餐者和适合他们的餐厅。

46. The Carpenters often take their kids out to have dinner in a restaurant on weekends. They haven’t visited a lot of restaurants. But sometimes they are rejected because of the children. The weekend is coming again. Whatever restaurant they visit, it is essential that it should welcome kids, especially their five-year-old daughter. And their elder daughter doesn’t like fish or lobster.

47. Fanny just got to know that Anna, her former classmate, and she worked in the same office block. They haven’t seen each other since graduation. They plan to meet each other at lunch hour. But they have only one hour for lunch. As both of them like cakes and bread, a bakeshop might be a good choice.

48. Leo and his wife have been married for five years. They hope to have a celebration in a fine restaurant. These days a restaurant like this is always packed with lovers. They wouldn’t like to wait for a table.

49. After going shopping with her boyfriend in downtown for the whole afternoon, Charlene is looking for a comfortable place to sit down and just enjoy being together.

50. Gary and his football team are going to have a get-together. They want to find a place where they can drink beers while enjoying some sports program.

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