2014高考英语核心考点:完型填空

所属专题:2016高考复习核心考点  来源:互联网    要点:完形填空  
编辑点评: 本文是2014高考英语核心考点的整理,为大家详细的整理了高考英语中的考点,是英语知识点的归纳总结,在本文中,为大家整理了做题时的解题思路,解题方法等,并且附有有详细解答的习题和真题。欢迎大家参阅~

2014年高考英语完形填空专题

解题技巧与方法指导

一、利用首句来解题,根据全文来选择

首句一般不设空。因此我们应重视首句,并利用首句预测短文的问题和全文内容。

1. I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was      and when I was 14 he said, “You’re never going to be anything but a failure. ”   

 A. bright               B. useless         C. simple          D. hopeful

2. Dorothy Brown was very happy as she sat in the theatre listening to the music. Today her little daughter Lauren was giving her first concert. She had been waiting for this moment for years and years. “Now it is here at last,” she thought. “How beautiful her ___1___ is.”

The song made her go back to the days when she was Lauren’s age. As a young girl, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied ___2___ in France, Italy and in the United States. “You can become a fine ___3___ in the future,” her teachers told her. “But you must be prepared to study hard and work for many years.

1. A. voice                B. face                      C. dress                    D. life

2. A. French              B. music                   C. piano                    D. dance

3. A. actress              B. student                 C. singer                  D. dancer

二、根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题

1. Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was    . He never criticized us, but used _____ to bring out our best.   

A. strict                   B. honest        C. special                  D. learned

A. help            B. peace      C. smile          D. praise

2. His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often

about that, Ed refused to buy a    T-shirt or to lose weight.

A. cared       B. forgot     C. quarreled     D. joked

A. clean       B. straight    C. larger         D. darker

三、利用语篇标志解题

常见语篇标志词语:结构层次:firstly, secondly, thirdly;逻辑关系:thus, therefore, so;递进关系:besides, what’s more, further;转折关系:but, while, however, on the other hand等。

She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n)  vacation, but was heart-broken about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet developed.

A. disappointing         B. wonderful  C. uncomfortable  D. important

因此,我们要善于找出(三找):

一找: 逻辑关系题(转折、让步、解释、对立、因果、并列、总分、递进)

二找:  NOT(在原文中找not)

三找:And(在原文中找and)

三招

四、根据逻辑推理解题

…and the officers then began to eat their meal, saying that the mushrooms had a very strange___quite pleasant taste.
A. besides       B. but         C. and           D. or

五、根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择

The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. Owning springs and streams sometimes means control, particularly in the   areas like the desert.               

Adry                B.distant        C.deserted                D.wild

六、从语法角度来解题

I went into a café and asked for a coffee .      I was waiting for my drink, I realized that there were other people in the place, but I sensed loneliness.

A.Before             B.Since        C.Although        DWhile

2. Have you ever shouted at a teacher, told someone you were lonely, or said you were in love, and then_    later you had kept your mouth shut?

23.A. wished       B. hoped        C. blamed        D. shared

解题思路:利用语法分析解题,选项中的动词都是过去式,其后句宾语从句had kept是过去完成时,故判断是虚拟。

七、从惯用法和固定搭配方面来解题

He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming___.So he shouldn’t have gone into that place.

A.after all      B. in all      C.at all      D. for all

八、从词语辨析的角度来解题

When, two weeks later, I    this same boy, I was more aware of my position in Nigerian society. I shouldenjoythis country as the son of a minister.

A. ran after     B. ran into    C. ran over             D. ran to

九.根据找复现同现解题

复现

复现是一种词汇衔接手段,它通过原词、同义词、反义词、上义词、下义词、同源词或同根词等形式,重复出现来表达某一概念,使整篇文章上下连贯,有机地衔接在一起。因此,考生可根据文章的具体情况,理解文章的结构和语境,利用文章中的复现现象来选择正确答案。

(1)原词复现。为了表达的需要,在具体的上下文中同一个单词重复出现。如:

All of a sudden I started to feel rather ______. She wondered why I was looking for this sort of ______. I felt even more helpless when she told me that it would be difficult to get a job without experience.

A. encouraged    B. dissatisfied         C. helpless        D. pleased

A. place         B. job                    C. advice          D. help

(2)同义词、近义词复现。同义词、近义词复现是借助意思相同或相近的表达方式,或解释性的语言使上下文的语义得以连接起来。如:

That is what a hobby means, I guess. It is something we like to do in our spare time simply for the ______ of it. The value in dollars is not important; we do it for the pleasure it gives us.

A. benefit        B. good         C. fun          D. interest

(3)反义词复现。语意的连贯有时是通过对比结构而采用反义复现的手段,或者是以反义的方式对前文加以解释,考生可以从反义的角度判断正确的选项。如:

Forcing yourself to recall almost never helps because it doesn’t ______ your money; it only tightens it.

A. loosen     B. weaken     C. decrease    D. reduce  

(4)同源词复现。对于上下文语义复现的表达,还可借助复现信息的同源词或同根词。如:

Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the students. If a long reading assignment is given, the instructors expect students to be familiar with the information in the reading……When research is _________, the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance.

A. collected     B. assigned     C. distributed   D. finished

(5)上义词复现。上义词具有概括的作用。在篇章中,有时为了表达的需要,作者会先概述,再分述。概述时用的为上义词,分述则用比较具体的下义词,两者为总分关系。如:

Other times, he would join student groups to discuss a variety of       : agriculture, diving and mathematics.

A. questions      B. subjects        C. matters        D. contents

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