2014高考英语核心考点:交际用语

所属专题:2016高考复习核心考点  来源:互联网    要点:英语交际用语  
编辑点评: 本文是2014高考英语核心考点的整理,为大家详细的整理了高考英语中的考点,是英语知识点的归纳总结,在本文中,全面为大家整理了在高考英语中易错的常考的交际用语,并且附有习题练习。欢迎大家参阅~

交际用语

易错常考的日常交际用语

1. 问候和应答
A: How are you doing? B: Fine, thank you. / Just so-so.
A: Please remember me to your parents. B: Sure, I will.

2. 介绍和应答
A: This is Mr./ Mrs./ Miss/ Ms Brown. B: Hello!/ How do you do ?/ Nice to meet you!

3. 告别
See you (later)! / Good night!( cf. Good evening!)/ Nice seeing you.

4. 感谢和应答
A: Many thanks!/ Thanks for your help!/ I appreciate your help!
B: That’s all right (OK). / You are welcome./ Don’t mention it./ It’s a pleasure./ My pleasure.
(cf. With pleasure. 用于回答对方的求助、邀请)

5. 道歉和应答
A: I’ m sorry.
B: That’s all right (OK.). / It doesn’t matter./ Never mind./ That’s nothing./ Forget it.

6. 邀请和应答
A: Would you like to...?
B: Yes, I'd love to. / Yes, with pleasure./ Yes, it's very kind ( nice )of you. / I'd love to, but I have other plans.

7. 请求允许和应答
A: Could I smoke here? / I wonder if I could smoke here.
B: Yes (Certainly). / Yes, do please. / Of course you may. / That's OK (all right). / I'm sorry, but it is not allowed / You'd better not.
A: Do you mind if I open the window?
B: Not at all./ Of course not./ Certainly not./ I’m sorry, but you’d better not.

8. 祝愿、祝贺和应答
A: Good luck! / Best wishes to you. / Have a nice / good time. / Congratulations! / Have a good journey.!
B: Thank you.
A: Happy New Year! / Merry Christmas! / Happy birthday to you.
B: The same to you.

9. 提供帮助和应答
A: Can I help you? / Would you like some help?
B: Thanks. That would be nice / Yes, please. / No, thank you all (just) the same. / No, thank you anyway./ That's very kind of you, but I can manage it myself.
A: What can I do for you? B: I’d like to go to the No. 3 Middle School.

10. 约会
A: Shall we meet at 4:30 ? / Let’s make it 4:00. B: All right. See you then.

11. 打电话
A: Hello! May I speak to Tom? B: Hold on, please.
A: Is that Mary speaking? B: She isn't here right now. Can I take a message for you?

12.就餐
A: Would you like some more meat? / Help yourself to some more meat.
B: Thank you. I've had enough. / Just a little, please.

13. 看病
A: What’s the matter? / What seems to be the trouble?
B: I don’t feel like eating./ I've got a cough. / I feel terrible (bad). / I don't feel well. / I've got a pain here. / It hurts here.

14. 购物
A: What can I do for you? / May (Can I )help you? B: I'd like to buy a dictionary.
A: How about this one? B: That's fine. I'll take it.

15. 问路和应答
A: Excuse me. Where's the washroom? / Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the post office?
B: Go down this street. Turn right / left at the second crossing.
Sorry, I don’t know. I am a stranger here.

16. 谈论天气
A: What's the weather like today? / How's the weather in Beijing?
B: It's fine / cloudy / windy / rainy, etc. / It's rather warm (cold / hot). today, isn't it?

17. 处理交际中的障碍
Pardon.! / I beg your pardon. / Please say that again( more slowly.) What do you mean by…. ? / I'm sorry I can't follow you.

18. 提醒注意
You can’t ( mustn’t) smoke here. / No smoking!/ Wet paint!/ Mind your head (step) /
Take care!/ Be careful!/ Look out!

19. 同意和不同意
Certainly / Sure / Of course. / Yes, please. / That's a good idea. / I agree
No, I don't think so. / I'm afraid not. / I really can't agree with you. / No way (决不,没门)

20 时间或日期和应答
A: What time is it now? / What's the time? B: It's about three.
A: What day is it today? B: It's Wednesday.
A: Excuse me. Have you got the time? B: Yes, it's six twenty.

【各个击破】

1. –I expect everything will turn out as you wish.
---_____.
A. All right B. The same to you C. No, thanks D. I’d like to
2. ---I’m sorry that I can’t attend your wedding.
---_____? Haven’t we agreed on it?
A. What is it B. Why don’t you C. What do you think D. How is it
3 ---Excuse me, sir. I’m writing a research paper on Chinese medicine. Do you mind answering a few question?
----______.
A. Yes, please B. No, of course not C. Certainly D. By all means
4. ----Excuse me, could you tell me the time?
----Sorry, I don’t have my watch with me.
---_____
A. Thanks anyway B. Thanks a lot C. I’m sorry to hear that D. What a pity
5. ----Would you like another cup of tea?
----____.
A. Why not B. Make yourself at home C. Oh, sorry D. It’s very kind of you
6. –I wish you wouldn’t have your TV so loud.
---____. Were you trying to sleep?
A. That’s all right B. OK C. Sorry D. Thank you
7. ----How is everything, Rose?
---____.
A. Very well, thank you B. Not too bad C. I’m all right, thanks D. Not at all
8. ---Why didn’t you tell Ann the truth?
---_____.
A. Yes, I was afraid to be scolded by her B. No, but I wanted to
C. But I did D. I always hate telling lies
9. ---Not all present would believe what the report said, I’m afraid.
---____.
A. So do I B. Nor am I C. I agree D. I’m afraid , too
10. ---Here you are at last!
--____.
A. Are you all right B. Yes, I’m here
C. Sorry to have kept you waiting D. You are here, too
11. ---Please excuse me, but I really have to be going.
---Yes, of course. ____.
A. The same to me B. That’s OK C. Thanks a lot D. Nice seeing you.
12. ---Tom , would you like to come to our dinner party?
---_____.
A. Yes, I would B. Yes, with pleasure C. No, I can’t come D. Sure, it’s my pleasure
13. ---___
---Thank you. I certainly will.
A. I wish you success B. Will you help me with my work
C. Please remember me to your family D. May I help you?
14. ---______at the new school?
---Fine. I’ve got used to the life there and I’ve made some friend.
A. How are you B. How are you doing C. Are you getting on well D. How do you do
15. ---Cliff, I lost your bike at school. I suppose I should pay for it.
---Oh, ____. It was an old bike anyway.
A. Forget it B. Take it easy C. OK D. Don’t say so
16. ---Mum, I’ve cut my finger. It’s bleeding.
---Oh, dear. ___.
A. Let me see B. Don’t worry C. Nothing wrong D. Take it easy
17.–I’m going to travel to America. Would you tell me something about your experiences there ?
--___. Let’s discuss it over dinner.
A. That’s all right B. By all means C. Go ahead D. It just depends
18.---Shall I help you with the suitcase?
---_____.
A. It’s all right, thanks B. Yes, go ahead please
C. I don’t want to trouble you too much D. No, please don’t do it
19. –You can’t finish the book in less than an hour, I suppose?
--____.
A. Yes, I’m sure I can B. No, hardly
C. Sorry, I can’t D. I don’t think I can
20. –How are things going with you?
--____.
A. Quite well, thank you B. Good. And you? C. Good. Why not? D. No, just so-so.

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