2014高考英语核心考点:词组

所属专题:2016高考复习核心考点  来源:互联网    要点:英语词组  
编辑点评: 本文是2014高考英语核心考点的整理,为大家详细的整理了高考英语中的考点,是英语知识点的归纳总结,在本文中,全面为大家整理了英语中100组经典词组,同时也按字母顺序为大家整理了高中英语常用的词组短语。欢迎大家参阅~

(23)stand短语:

stand by sb = support sb = take sb’s side 支持某人
stand for 代表,表示,象征,容忍,支持/拥护,为……的候选人
stand out 突出,显眼 stand up 起立,站起来
stand still = stay still 站着不动

例如:
CPC stands for the Communist Party of China.
Stand still, and let me take a picture of you.

(24)take短语:
take after 与某人相像 take along 带领,携带
take … apart = separate … 把……分开 take away 拿走,拿去,使离开
take away from… 从……带/拿走 take back 退回,拿回,收回
take down 拿下,记下,记录 take for… 当作……,误以为是……
take in 吸收,接纳,上当
take off (飞机)起飞,脱掉(衣帽/鞋),成名,成功,很快上升,开始流行/畅销
take on 呈现 take out 拿出,取出
take over 继承,接管,接替
take up 从事,开始,专注于,占去(时间、空间、地位等)
take a bank loan 向银行贷款 take a bath 洗澡
take a chance / chances 碰运气,冒险
take a critical attitude towards… 对……持批判态度
take a few deep breaths 深呼吸 take / have a degree in … 取得……学位
take a hands-on approach to education 通过动手实践的方式来进行接受教育
take a message (to sb) (给某人)捎个口信
比较:leave a message (to sb) (给某人)留个口信
take a photo (of …) (给……)照相,拍(……)照片
take a risk / risks 冒险 take a shower 沐浴,洗澡
take a sip 呡一小口 take a taxi to... = go to ...by taxi 乘出租车
take a walk / ride / holiday 散步/兜风/休假
take (an) interest in … 对……感兴趣
(比较:be into = be interested in 对……感兴趣
have / show interest in 对……感兴趣)
take advantage of 对……加以利用
take … by surprise 对……突然袭击,出乎……意料
take care 小心, 注意 take care of 照顾,照看
take effect 生效,奏效 take exercise 运动,活动
take … for example 以……为例 take / get / catch hold of 握住,抓住
take it easy 放心好了,别着急,从容,不紧张
take ... into consideration 顾及,考虑到,体谅
(比较:under consideration 在考虑中,在研究中)
take lessons 上课 take notes 做笔记,做记录
take notice of 注意
take one’s seat 就座,坐在自己位子上(转义为就职)
take one’s time 从容,不急,慢慢行动 [比较:take time 花费(时间)]
take part 参加
(比较:take part in… = join in… = participate in… 参加……
take an active part in… 积极参加……)
take place 发生,出现,举行
[比较:take the place of … = take sb’s place 取代,代替(某人的位置)]
take pride in …= be proud of… 对……感到自豪
take responsibility for … = be responsible for … 对……负起责任
take sb in the arms 拥抱,搂抱
take / hold / keep sb prisoner 囚禁/俘虏某人
(比较:sb be taken / held / kept prisoner 某人被囚禁/俘虏)
take sb seriously 看重某人
take sb some time to do sth 花费某人……时间去做某事
take sb’s temperature 给某人量体温 take sth along with sb 随身携带某物
take shelter 躲避
take sides with sb in sth 在某事上支持/偏袒某人
take steps / measures / action to do sth 采取措施做某事,采取(……的)行动
take turns to do sth / in doing sth 轮流做某事

例如:
I’m sorry. I’ll take back what I said.
Take care! The car is coming.
My plane takes off at 11:00 sharp.
We can’t have such a big table in this small room. It takes up too much room.

(25)think短语:

think about 思考,考虑(是否去做)
think of 想到,想起,认为,对……有看法/想法
think out 想出 think over 仔细考虑
think through… 思考……直到得出结论 think up 提出,想出,设计出
think twice 再三考虑,仔细考虑
think highly / well of = speak highly of = sing high praise for 对……高度评价

例如:
I’m sorry. I can’t think out your name.
When I was in the States, I often thought of my friend Li Hua.
Think it over, and you’ll find a way.

(26)turn短语:

turn against 转而反对,背叛 turn around / round 转身,转过来
turn … away 赶走……,辞退……,把……打发走
turn on 打开(灯,气,水,电器等) turn off 关掉(灯,气,水,电器等)
turn up 把音量开大,卷起,翻起,发生,出现,到达
turn down 关小/调低(音量/热度),拒绝
turn over 把……翻过来,翻动,犁翻(土地),细想
turn in 交进,上缴,归还 turn into 变成
turn…into… 把……变成……,转变成 turn to… 转向……,向……求助,查阅
turn out 结果是,生产 turn out to be 被证明是, 结果是
turn right / left 向右/向左拐 turn writer = become a writer 成为作家

例如:
Those who were once for him have turned against him.
Turn in everything captured(缴获的).
I’m going to turn my garage into a playroom for the children.
Be sure to turn off the lights when you leave the room.
Shall I turn on the bath water for you?
He turned the meat over in the pan(平底锅).
They always turn to me when they are in trouble.
His attention turned to the pretty young girl.
Turn the radio down a little. I can scarcely hear the program.
He turned the coat collar(衣领)up because of the wind.
Something will turn up to get you out of the difficulty.

2.以介词或副词为中心的动词短语(便于强化记忆)

(l)动词+about

speak/talk about 谈论
think about 思考
care about 关心,对……有兴趣
bring about 引起,使发生
set about 着手,开始
come about 发生
hear about 听说
worry about 为……担心

(2)动词+at

aim at 向……瞄准,旨在
run at 冲向,向……攻击
call at 拜访(地点)
tear at 用力撕
look at 看,注视
work at 干……活动(研究)
come at 向……袭击
shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷
stare at 凝视
glare at 怒视
glance at 匆匆一瞥
laugh at 嘲笑
knock at 敲(门、窗等)
point at 指向
smile at 冲(某人)笑
strike at 向……打击
shoot at 向……射击
wonder at 惊讶

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