make into 制成，作成（后面跟产品，制成品）
[比较：be made in 在……生产/制造
be made of 由……组成/构成，用某种原材料制成（物理变化）
be made from 由……组成/构成，用某种原材料制成（化学变化）
be made up of = consist of 由……组成，由……构成]
make out 理解，看清楚
make up 化妆，打扮，和解，配制，编造，虚构，构成，组成
make up for 弥补，补充，补偿 made up one’s mind 下决心
make a choice 做出选择 make a commitment 承诺，保证
make a comment / comments (on / upon…) （对……）发表评论
make a (great) contribution to… 为……做出（巨大）贡献，为……捐款
make a decision 做出决定 make a (no) difference （没）有关系/影响
make a face / faces 扮鬼脸 make a fire 生火
make a film / blockbuster／follow-ups 拍电影/巨片／续集
make a fool of sb = fool sb 愚弄某人（比较：make fool of … 愚弄）
make / leave / create a good impression (on sb) （给某人）留下好印象
make a mistake / mistakes 犯错误
make (a) noise 制造噪音，发出令人不愉快的声音
make a note / notes of… 记录，做笔记 ，记下来
make a plan (for… ) （为……）制订计划，制订一个（……的）计划
make a point of doing sth 认为做某事重要或有必要
make a promise 承诺
make a record 录制唱片，做记录
（比较：record a song 录一首歌
set a world record 创造世界记录）
make (a) suggestion (on …) 提出（关于……）的建议
make a telephone call 打电话 make / take a trip / journey to … 去某地旅行
make conversation 交谈 make (both) ends meet 使收支相抵
make friends with sb 与某人交朋友 make fun of… 取笑，嘲笑，和……开玩笑
make jokes about sb 拿某人开玩笑，以某人为笑柄
make mistake about… 犯了……错误 make / earn money 挣钱
make oneself at home 不拘束，别客气 make oneself known 使/让自己出名
make one’s way to… 往……走去 make progress (in …) （在……方面）取得进步
make sense 有意义，有道理，讲得通 make sense of… 弄懂……的意思
make sth to (one’s own) measure （按自己的尺寸）定做
make sure 确保，确认，查明
make the adjustment to… 适应…… make the / one’s bed 整理床铺
make (full) use of …= make the most / best of … (充分)利用
Bamboo is also made into paper.
Our desks and chairs are made of wood.
The paper for books and newspapers also is made from wood.
This engine is made up of 490 parts.
The actor made himself up for the part of an old man.
These days many girls make up when they are still quite young.
She made up a good lunch from bits and pieces.
There isn’t any little girl called Kitty here. He has just made her up.
Hard work can often make up for lack of intelligence.
Everyone should make full use of time.
But wait till you see what we’ll make for you to your own measure.
I have made up my mind, and nothing you say will change it.
They made fun of my mistakes when I tried to speak English.
pass away 去世，死（委婉说法） pass by 通过，从旁边经过
pass down 传下来，流传，使世代相传 ，一代一代传下去
pass on (to sb) 转交给(某人)，传给(某人)
pass on from one generation to the next 一代代流传下来
pass out 失去知觉，昏厥 pass through 穿过，越过
pass sth from one to another 把某事物从一人传到另一人手上
pass the examination 通过考试
Dr Johnson passed away last night.
They all waved to us as they passed by.
The tradition has been passed down from father to son for generations.
She said she’d pass the message on to the other students.
I nearly passed out when I saw the blood.
pay attention to … 对……注意，留心……
pay a visit to sb / a place 访问，拜访（某人），参观（某地）
pay back 偿还（借款），报答，报复
pay for 付款，付费，付代价 （比较：pay a high price for … 付高价）
pay off 还清（欠款）
pay sb a visit 拜访某人
pay the bill 买单，付帐单
He promised to pay the money back by Friday.
The old in our city don’t need to pay for transport.
After ten years of hard work he paid off all his debts at last.
pick out 挑选，认出
pick up 拾起，接收，学会（语言），开车去接，康复，购买（便宜商品）
His story was picked out as the best by the judges.
The phone rang and I picked it up.
I’ll pick you up at the station.
I managed to pick up an American news broadcast.
After a short break they picked up the topic they talked about earlier.
I picked up the unusual stamp by accident.
I picked up a few words of Greek when I was there last year.
put away 将某物收拾起来，存钱，储存，存起来
put down 扑灭，平息，镇压，记下
put forward 提出，建议，推荐 put off 延期，拖延
put on （戏）上演，放（唱片），穿戴 put on a performance 演出
put out 扑灭，熄灭，使……停止燃烧，伸出，出版，生产
put up 挂起，张贴，举起，抬起，搭起，建立
put up with 忍受，容忍 put into 使进入，输入，投入
put／translate…into 把……译成 put one’s heart into… 全神贯注于……
put sb in / into prison 把某人关进监狱 put …to use 使用……，运用……
put a date to sth 注明日期
（比较：set / fix the date 确定日期
to date 到目前为止）
put an end to … 结束…… put …together 把……放在一起
We put away the tools before we leave the workshop.
All the medical workers in the region helped to put down the influenza epidemic（流感）.
Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.
We are putting the play on again next week owing to its success.
The firemen soon put the fire out.
The doctor told me to put out my tongue.
It’s time that we put up the Christmas decorations（装饰物）in the living room.
Drop your weapons and put your hands up.
Another supermarket has been put up near our house.
I can’t put up with a lot of noisy people when I am working.
The government is putting more money into education this year.
As students, we should put our heart into studies.
send away 让走开 send for sb 派人去请某人，请某人来
send in 寄送某处进行处理 send out 派遣，发出（信号、通知等）
send up 发射，射出，往上送 send sb to sleep 让某人睡觉
send signals by … 通过……发送信号
Get back into bed. I’ll send for the doctor.
The ship is in danger; it is sending out an SOS signal.
The rocket will be sent up tomorrow morning.
set about (doing) sth 着手，开始 set aside 留出，搁/放在一边
set down 放下，记下 set off 出发，起程，引起爆炸，激起，引起
set out (for…) 出发往（……），动身去（……）
set out to do 开始做，着手做 set up 创立，设立，开办，竖起，支起
set /give a (good) example to… 为……树立（好）榜样
set a goal 设定目标 set fire to sth = set sth on fire 纵火，放火烧
set foot on / in… 踏上……，到达，进入 set one’s mind to do sth 一心想做
set sail for 起航去…… set sail from 从……起航
set sb a good example in … 在……为某人树立榜样
set sb free 释放某人，解放某人
As soon as she arrived, she set about tidying up（整理）the room.
Try to set aside some time each day for exercise.
They’ve set off on a trip round the world.
Together the four men set out to look for the lost animal.
He set out to write a history of civilization（文明）.
We’ll certainly set up a complete modern industrial system.
A few scarecrows（稻草人）were set up in the field.
Let’s set up the tent first, and build the fire later.
The police are trying to find out who set fire to the building last night.
He was set free after three years in prison.
Comrade Lei Feng set a good example to us all.