have a break 休息一下 have a bright future 有一个灿烂的未来
have (got) a cold / cough / headache / fever 感冒/咳嗽/头疼/发烧
have a conversation with sb 与某人交谈
[比较：have a dialogue with sb 与某人对话
have a talk with sb (about sth) （就某事）与某人进行交流
have a word with sb = would like a word with sb 和某人谈几句，跟某人说句话]
have a gift for… 对……有天赋（比较：have a reputation for… 有……名誉/名声）
have a good flight （坐飞机）旅途愉快
have a good knowledge of … 对……很熟悉，通晓……
have a good laugh over… 对……笑了个够
have a good / great / wonderful time = have (great) fun 玩得（非常）高兴，过得愉快
have a / the habit of …= be in a / the habit of… 有……的习惯
（比较：get into / form the habit of… 养成……的习惯
get sb into the habit of… 使某人养成……的习惯）
have a hit 风靡一时 have a large population 人口众多
have / take a look 看一看 have a meeting / party 开会/举行晚会
have a nice / pleasant trip / journey 祝旅途愉快
have (got ) a pain (in the…) （身体某部位）痛
have a part-time job 做兼职工作 have a (good) rest 休息
have / take a seat 坐下（比较：have / take one’s seat 坐某人的座位）
have a stomachache 胃疼，肚子疼 have a sweet tooth 喜欢吃甜食
have a swim 游泳 have a table tennis match 举行一场乒乓球比赛
have a test 进行测验 have a try 试一试
have / show an appetite for… 有……的欲望或爱好
have / make an appointment with sb 和某人有预约, 和某人有约定
have an effect on / upon… 对……有影响，对……产生作用
（比较：influence… = affect … 对……有影响
have no effect / influence on … 对……没有影响
have a good / bad effect on … 对……有好/坏影响
have a great / little effect on … 对……有很大的影响/影响不大
have a strong influence on… 对……有很大影响）
have / take an exam 参加考试 have an eye for 有眼力，有眼光
have an income of … 有……的收入
have access to … 使用（接近……的）权利或机会
have breakfast / lunch / supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭
have lessons / classes 上课
have mercy on… 宽恕……，对……仁慈，对……表示怜悯
have no chance of surviving 没有生存的可能性
have no choice but to do sth 别无选择，只好做某事
have none of … 根本不理睬…… have on 穿着
have sth on sb 某人身上带着某物 have / take one’s medicine 服药，吃药
have some difficulty / trouble / problems with … 在……有困难/麻烦事
[比较：have some difficulty / trouble / problems (in ) doing sth 做某事有困难/麻烦]
have something / nothing in common (with…) （与……）有共同点／没有共同之处
（比较：have much / a lot in common with… 与……有许多相同之处
have little in common with… 与……几乎没有相同之处）
have something / nothing to do with … 与……有关／无关
have to = have got to 不得不，必须
Class is over. Let’s have a break.
I’ve got a cough.
Dad and I had a good laugh over that.
They are having a good time.
He stopped to have a look.
We are going to have a table tennis match tomorrow afternoon.
Are we going to have a meeting this week?
Here is a tree. Let me have a rest.
Are you going to have a swim？
We’ll have a test tomorrow.
Where is Peter? I want to have a word with him.
Does she have lunch at home？
Then it has no choice but to lie down and sleep.
He knew about the order, he knew why the soldiers were there, but he would have none of it.
We have four lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon.
Most of his questions have nothing to do with his lessons.
I noticed that he had on bedroom slippers.
Please come here and have my seat, Granny.
He hasn’t had any medicine.
At three fifty in the afternoon we have sports.
hold a meeting / party 开会/举行晚会 hold back 退缩，踌躇，阻挡，控制住
hold one’s breath 屏息，不出气 hold on 等一等，不要挂电话
hold on to 抓住，保住 hold out 伸出，坚持下去，维持
hold up 阻挡，使停顿，举起，拿起，阻滞
hold together 连在一起，团结一致
Anger flooded through her. She couldn’t hold it back.
—Could I speak to Mr Smith? —Hold on, please.
The little boy held out his hands.
I think water supplies won’t hold out much longer.
Sorry, I’m late. I was held up at work.
keep away from 避开，别靠近 keep back 隐瞒，忍住，阻止……向前，留下
keep down 控制 keep off 勿踏，勿踩
keep off sb / sth 不接触或不接近某人/某事物
keep on 继续进行 keep out 不得入内
keep…out 把……挡住，把……留在外面keep out of … 不进入……
keep up 继续，保持，坚持，使（情绪等）不低落
keep up with… = catch up with… 跟上，赶上
keep a date 赴约 keep a healthy diet 保持健康的饮食
keep a record / records 保持记录
keep an eye on 注视，留心，注意，照顾
（比较：keep an eye out for 注视，留心，注意）
keep busy doing 忙着做某事 keep fit 保持健康
keep…in mind = learn…by heart = remember… 把……记住
keep (on) doing sth 继续不停地做某事
[比较：keep sb doing sth 使某人一直/继续做某事
keep … from doing 阻止……做，不让……做
stop / prevent… (from) doing 妨碍/预防/阻止……做，不让……做]
keep one’s appointment 守约（比较：break one’s appointment 违约）
keep one’s balance 保持平衡 keep one’s word(s) 遵守诺言
keep safe 保持安全 keep silent over … 对……保持沉默
keep the same look 保持原貌 keep watch 保持警戒，站岗
I would have been here sooner, but the rainstorm kept me back.
Every week there was a rebellion（造反）somewhere, and the Austrian soldiers were kept busy hurrying from one town to another in order to put down the rebellions.
While Leonov was outside the ship, he kept in touch by telephone with his companion and with the earth.
He kept on telling us the same story over and over.
You may depend on his doing what he says, for he is a person who always keeps his words.
Danger! Keep out!
Will this overcoat keep the rain out?
It is also bad manners to keep silent when the teacher asks you a question.
The rain kept up all night.
I see you are getting along well with your English studies. Keep up the good work.
The good news keeps our spirits up.
He walked so fast that I could hardly keep up with him.
Every few hundred meters along the wall there are watch-towers, where soldiers used to keep watch.
There is a sign there saying, “Keep off the grass.”
knock at /on 敲打（门、窗等） knock down 把……撞倒，击倒
knock into 撞到，撞上某人，偶然碰见 knock sb out (of sth) 淘汰某人 knock over 撞翻，撞倒
We knocked at / on the door but there was no one there.
He was in hospital last night after being knocked down by a car.
Tom entered the classroom hurriedly and knocked into Mr. White.
He almost knocked into me before he realized it.
If no one answers the front door, try knocking at the back door.
look at 看着，注视，检查
look at oneself in the mirror = admire oneself in the mirror 照镜子
look after 照顾，照料，照看 look ahead 向前看，展望未来
look around / about 四处看看，四下环顾 look back 回首，回忆，回顾过去
look back on… 回顾……，回忆……
look forward to sth /doing sth 盼望，期盼某事物/做某事
look for 寻找，找 look in 来访，参观
look into… 往……里面看，浏览，调查，研究
look (right) into sb’s eyes 直视着
look like… 看起来像…… （比较：look the same 看起来像）
look on 旁观，观望
look out = be careful = take care 留神，当心，注意，警惕，提防
look out for 警惕，留心，找出来 look over… 翻阅，（仔细）检查
look through 看透，仔细查看，浏览，翻阅，温习
look up 仰视，往上看，（在字典或参考书中）查阅，查寻
look up to sb 敬仰，仰望，尊敬（比较：look down on / upon sb 瞧不起，鄙视，轻视）
look / be worried 看上去/感到担心
The boy is old enough to look after himself.
He spent two weeks in Shanghai, looking around / about the city.
We are looking forward to hearing from you soon.
Join us. Don’t just look on.
They all looked on him as a member of their family.
Look out! There is danger ahead.
I shall look out that I don’t trust him again.
He looked through his notes before writing the report.
Look through these photographs and try to pick out the man you see.
I must look up the time of your train.
A fox came to the tree and looked up at the cock.
I’ve always looked up to Bill for his courage and determination.