100句搞定高考7000词:第98期

所属专题:100句搞定高考英语7000词汇  来源:沪江部落    要点:100句搞定高考核心词汇  
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【句子】

It is impossible to say simply for the fun and exercise: as soon as the question of prestige arises, as soon as you feel that you and some larger unit will be disgraced if you lose, the most savage combative instincts are around.

没有可能仅仅为了娱乐或锻炼而运动:一旦有了问题,一旦你觉得你输了你和你所属团体会有失体面时,你最野蛮的好斗本能就会被激发出来。

【解析】

1.prestige

1)n. (由于财富等而产生的)显赫;威信;威望,声望;影响力;吸引力;魅力

The high prestige of the premier is radicated in the hearts of the people.

总理的崇高威信在人民的心中树立起来。
2)adj. 有威信的;有威望的;有声望的 ;有影响力(或吸引力、魅力)的;令人羡慕的

3)短语

prestige pricing 声望定价;威望定价;定价法;名望定价

prestige suggestion 威信暗示

occupational prestige 职业声望;运动员职业声望

Heather prestige 烟灰

high prestige 崇高威望;高信誉

prestige n 声望;威望;威信

overt prestige 外显声音

Prestige Cost 荣誉值

2.disgrace

1)n. 贬黜;丢脸;不光彩,耻辱,羞辱,羞耻;坏名声,声名狼藉 ;不光彩(或不名誉、丢脸)的人(或行为、事)(to) ;(因丑行而)受冷遇,失宠,失势;得不到信任(或宠爱等)

This is a disgrace.

这是一种耻辱。

2)vt. 使受耻辱,使丢脸,羞辱,玷辱,玷污…的名誉,给…带来耻辱(或不光彩、不名誉),不值得,不配

He was disgraced by cowardice.

他因胆怯而受辱。

He disgraced himself by passing out at the party.

他因在宴会上醉倒而使自己丢脸。

3)vt.贬黜,贬谪;冷待,使失宠;使失势,使失去地位;解除…的职务

The corrupt official was publicly disgraced.

那个贪官被当众解职。

to be disgraced at court

在朝廷中失宠
4)短语:

(be)in disgrace

失宠;失体面,丢脸;受处分

bring disgrace on(或upon)

给…带来耻辱,给丢脸

fall(或come) into disgrace (with)

丧失体面,蒙受耻辱,失宠于,失去…的欢心,失众望

Praise to the face is open disgrace.

[谚语]当面恭维无异于公开出丑。

5)同根词

词根: disgrace
adj.

disgraceful 不名誉的,可耻的

disgraced 失宠的;遭贬谪的

adv. disgracefully 不光彩地;可耻地

v. disgraced 耻辱;贬谪(disgrace的过去式和过去分词)

3.savage

1)adj. (动物)野生的,凶猛的,未驯化的 ;(植物)野生的,非人工栽培的 ;原始的,野蛮的,未开化的 ;(人)凶残的,凶恶的,残暴的 ;坏脾气的,易发怒的;狂怒的 ;未开垦的,荒凉的,渺无人烟的

Alice did not quite like the look of the creature, but on the whole she thought it would be quite as safe to stay with it as to go after that savage Queen: so she waited.
爱丽丝不大喜欢这个动物的模样。 但是她想,与其同那个野蛮的王后在一起,还不如跟它在一起来得安全,所以,她就留下来等候着

2)n. 野蛮人,未开化的人 ;粗野的人,举止无礼的人 ;残暴的人;凶残成性的人

3)vt. (动物)撕咬,踢,抵,攻击(其他动物等)

to be savaged by a wild horse

被野马踢伤

4)凶猛地攻击;猛烈地抨击

to savage a defense line

猛烈地攻击一道防线

the article that was savaged

受到猛烈抨击的文章

5)粗暴地对待;野蛮地殴打

Black John was savaged by the police.

黑人约翰遭到了警察的野蛮殴打。

6)激怒;使变得凶猛

Seeing such a terrible sight before his eyes, he was savaged by his enemy's atrocity.

看到眼前这可怖的场景,他被敌方的暴行激怒了

4.combative

adj. 好斗的,好战的;准备战斗的;斗志旺盛的

Senior managers can nurture those new ideas through positive words and actions, or they can stop them on their tracks by being overly negative and combative.

高级管理人员可以用肯定的言词培育那些新思想,也可以用过度的否定和好斗把它们扼杀在萌芽阶段。

5.instinct

1)n. 本能,直觉;天性

Some scientists thought that fight between the male animals headed up from their instinct.

有些科学家认为雄性动物之间的争斗源于其本能。

2)adj. 充满着的

【今日练习】

1、We now feel that the public should be involved in the names and symbols, as this major project will enhance national ________ and strengthen the national sense of cohesion and pride.
A. charisma
B.enchantment
C. fascination
D. prestige

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