100句搞定高考7000词:第95期

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【句子】

There is only one difference between an old man and a young one: the young man has a glorious future before him and old one has a splendid future behind him: and maybe that is where the rub is.

老人和年轻人之间只有一个区别:年轻人的前面有辉煌的未来,老年人灿烂的未来却已在它们身后。这也许就是困难之所在。

【解析】

1.glorious

1)adj. 光荣的;辉煌的;极好的

he glorious palace dazzled her.

金碧辉煌的宫殿使她赞叹不已。

She is always bucking about her glorious past.

她老是吹嘘她的光荣的过去。

2)同根词

词根: glory

adj.glorified 变荣耀的,美其名的

adv.gloriously 光荣地;辉煌地;壮观地,壮丽地

n.glory 光荣,荣誉;赞颂

v.glorified 赞美;美化(glorify的过去分词)

vi.glory 自豪,骄傲;狂喜

2.splendid

1)adj. 华丽的,豪华的 ;壮丽的;优美的 ;辉煌的,显赫的 ;极好的,绝妙的

The peacock spreads his splendid tail.

孔雀展开了它那灿烂夺目的尾巴。

The splendid evening glow in the sky means another fine day tomorrow.

灿烂的晚霞预示明天又是好天气。

2)同根词

词根: splendid

adj.splendiferous 极好的;浮华的

adv.splendidly 华丽地;豪华地;壮观地

3.rub

1)vt. 擦,摩擦;磨;揉;搓;按摩

He rubbed his forehead with the back of his hand.

他用手背擦了擦前额。

2)vt.使互相摩擦(常与together连用);使触碰;蹭(常与against连用):

It was cold,so he rubbed his hands together.

天很冷,他使劲搓着双手。

3)vt.磨光;擦亮

The floor has been rubbed clean and shiny.

地板擦得明光锃亮。

4)vt.涂(常与on或over连用)

She rubbed the ointment on her arm.

她把软膏涂在臂上。

5)vt.触痛;惹恼

Her talkativeness often rubbed him.

她的多嘴多舌常常惹他发火。

6)vt.擦掉;磨去;使减色(常与out,off或away连用)

The paint has been rubbed away from the edges of the table.

桌子边上的漆都被蹭掉了

7)vi.摩擦;磨;蹭

She opened the door gently so as not to rub against the wet paint.

她小心翼翼地把门打开,生怕蹭上未干的油漆。

8)vi.使人恼火

It rubs to work under such an obstinate man.

在这种蛮不讲理的人手下工作真令人恼火。

9)n.摩擦;按摩 ;磨损处;擦痛处;阻碍;困难

10)短语:

a rub in(或on) one's way 某人前进道路上的障碍;妨碍某人的东西

a rub of(或on)the green【高尔夫球】对球的妨碍(指高尔夫球碰到人或其他东西);偏离方向;受外界干扰Here lies the rub. =There's the rub.

There's (或That's)the rub. 问题就在这里;这就是困难所在

the rubs and worries of life 人生的辛酸

【今日练习】

1、When object ____________ each other, static electricity is produced.
A.contact
B.hit against
C.rub against
D.touch

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