100句搞定高考7000词:第30期

所属专题:100句搞定高考英语7000词汇  来源:沪江部落    要点:100句搞定高考核心词汇  
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【句子】

Because its leaves remain green long after being picked, rosemary became associated with the idea of remembrance.

采摘下的迷迭香树叶常绿不衰,因此人们把迷迭香树与怀念联系在一起。

【解析】

1.remain

1)vi.剩下/残存:remain (+ 介宾/副词),此时不能用进行时态,也没有被动语态

After the fire, very little remained of his house.
火灾过后,他的家所剩无几。

2)vi.逗留/停留:remain (+ 介宾/副词)

Only a few students remained in the classroom just now.
现在只有几个学生还在教室。

3) vi.依旧/仍然: remain + 形容词/名词

It remained a secret.
这仍然是个秘密。

4) vi.留待/尚待:此时它有两个固定句型如下:

固定句型一:sth/sb remain to be + 过去分词
固定句型二:It remain to be seen + whether引导的主语从句

Many problems remain to be solved.
有好多问题尚待解决。

It remains to be seen whether you are right.
你是否正确,以后见分晓。

5)remaining除了是remain的现在分词/动名词形式外,还可以单独做形容词,意思是“剩下的”

I bought a gift for her with the remaining money.
我用剩余的钱给她买了一件礼物。

2.keep,remain,stay辨析

1)表示“继续呆在某处”时,应该用不及物动词remain或stay

①Stay indoors for a few days until you recover from your cold.

②He remained in his seat after all the other students had gone home.

2)表示“暂住、短期停留”时,只能用不及物动词stay

①He is staying at Hilton Hotel.

②My mother-in-law stayed with us this week when she visited us.

3)表示“残留、剩下”时,只能用不及物动词remain

①Not much of the house remained after the fire.

②Of the seven brothers, only four now remain; the rest are dead.

4)表示“继续保持或处于某种状态”时,应视具体情况在上述动词中进行选择

①表示“继续保持或处于原来的状态”时,可用remain或stay
The door stayed closed.But the police themselves prefer to stay unarmed.

②表示“需要设法才能保持或处于某种状态”时,应用keep
Although they have many difficulties, they keep happy.

③表示“使某人或某物保持某种状态”时,只能用及物动词keep
Why do you always keep your windows closed?

3.rosemary
迷迭香(灌木,叶子窄小,气味芬芳,可用于烹调)

If someone suffers from epilepsy, it wouldnt be safe to use rosemary oil, says Jan
简说:“如果某人患有癫痫,使用迷迭香油就不安全。”

4.associate
vt. 联想,联合
n. 伙伴,同事,同伴
adj. 副的,共事的,有联系的
n. 准学士学位获得者
vi. 交往

①I don't want to associate myself with them any more.
我不愿再和他们交往了。

②I got a new job and a new set of work associations.
我有了新工作和一班新同事。

5.remembrance n. 回想,记忆,纪念品

①In remembrance of the battle, we set up a museum.
为纪念那次战役,我们建立了一座博物馆。

②Something given as a token of love, affection, or remembrance.
信物,纪念品作为爱、喜爱或纪念的一种标志 

【练习】

Ladies and gentlemen. Please remain____until the plane has come to a complete stop. (2009年四川卷)
A. seated  B. seating  C. to seat  D.seat
 

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