2013高考英语必考的40个重点句型(1)

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编辑点评: 本文涵盖了高考英语必考的40个重点句型,帮助同学掌握高考重点句型,掌握固定搭配,在高考语法阅读与作文中灵活运用,考出好成绩。

句型1
would rather that somebody did…"宁愿……;更愿意……"(表示现在或将来的愿望)
would rather that somebody had done…"宁愿……;更愿意……"(表示过去的愿望)
[例句]
I'd rather you posted the letter right now. 我想让你现在去寄信。
I'd rather you were not a celebrated actor. In that case, we could spend more time together.我到情愿你不是个知名演员,这样我们可以有更多的时间在一起。
I'd rather that I hadn't seen her yesterday. 我情愿昨天没有看到她。

句型2
as if/though+主语+did/had done…好像……(表示现在或将来的情况用过去时;表示过去的情况用过去完成时)[参考句型4]
[例句]
Alan talked about Rome as if he had been there. Alan谈起罗马来就好像他去过那里似的。

句型3
"wish +宾语从句",表示不大 可能实现的愿望
表示现在的愿望:主语+过去时;
表示过去的愿望:主语+had done;
表示将来的愿望:主语+would/could do
[例句]
How I wish we students had more free time to relax ourselves! 我们学生多么希望有更多的自由时间放松自己!

句型4
It's high/about time that somebody did (should do) (should通常不省略) …早就该……
[例句]
It's high time that we did something to improve our environment. 该是我们为环保做些事情了。
I think it's high time that she made up her mind. 我想她该拿定主意了。

句型5
情态动词+动词不定式完成结构的用法
could have done "本来可以……"(表示过去没有实现的可能)。
might have done "本来可能……;本来应该或可以做某事"(实际没有发生;含有轻微的责备语气。
should/ought to have done "本来该做某事"(而实际未做)
should not/ought not to have done "本来不该做"(实际却做过了,含有责备语气)
needn't have done "本来不必做"(但是已经做过了)
would rather have done "当时宁愿做了某事"(实际没有做过);否定式would rather not have done表达相反意思,两者都有表示"后悔"之意。

句型6
as, though, although引导的让步状语从句。
[注意]although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中=though。它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。[参考倒装结构] 请注意下列句式的变化:
[例句]
Although/Though I'm young, I already know what career I want to follow.
→Young as/though I am, I already know what career I want to follow.我虽然年轻,但我已经明白我应该追随什么样的事业。
Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident. 这次意外虽然显得不可思议,却没有人受伤。
Much as I would like to help, I have a lot to do. 虽然我很想帮助你,但是我有很多事要做。
Object as you may, I will go. 纵使你反对,我也要去。

句型7
…before…特殊用法(1)"没来得及……就……"
[例句]
The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.他还没有来得及冲进房间救孩子,房顶就塌了。
He ran off before I could stop him. 我还没有来得及阻止,他已经跑了。
To my great disappointment, my favorite singer left the concert before I could have a word with her.让我非常失望的是,我还没有来得及和我最喜欢的歌手打招呼,她就已经离开了。

句型8
…before…特殊用法(2)"过了多久才……"或"动作进行到什么程度才……"
[例句]
They walked about fifty miles to the west before they saw a village.他们西行50英里才看到一个村庄。
The workers worked day and night about three days before everything returned to normal.工人们连续工作3天才使一切恢复正常。 

句型9
It was + 时间段+before…."过了多久才(怎么样)……"
It was not long before…."不久,就……"
It will (not) be +时间段+before…."要过多久(不久)……才……"(before从句谓语动词要用一般时态)
[例句]
It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.不久他就意识到他处境的危险。
It was five days before he came back. 五天后他才回来。
It will be half a year before you graduate from the school. 再过半年你才能毕业。
It will not be long before they understand each other. 他们大概不久就会互相了解。

句型10
in case of…(+n.) "以防;万一";
in case that…"以防,万一……"(谓语动词用一般现在时态或should+动词原形)
[例句]
Please remind me about it in case I forget/should forget. 万一我忘了,请提醒我。
Please take your umbrella in case (that it rains/should rain).带上雨伞,以防下雨。

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