高考英语第一轮知识点总结(8)

所属专题:高考英语一轮复习  来源:沪江中学资源网    要点:高中英语知识点  
编辑点评: 高考第一轮英语知识点解析,所有你不明白弄不懂的语法点知识点都在这里一一呈现,还等什么,赶快带好笔记本,开始学习吧。

1、apologize 

apologize是不及物动词,意为“道歉”,其表达式为“apologize to sb.for sth.”。如:

You must apologize to your sister for being so rude.它的名词形式是apology, 复数形式是apologizes.

make one’s apologies to sb. for sth.= make an apology to sb. for sth.如:

He make his apologies to me for coming late.

2、appear

As a result, it appered to scientists on earth that the stars had moved.因此,地球上的科学家看来,恒星好像是移动了。

句型:It appears/seems(to sb.) +that—clause.看来/似乎是……

①It appears to me that something is wrong.我看好像有点不大对头。

②It appears that he will the prize.看来他会得笑。

appear/seem/look

appear, seem, look都有“看起来似……”之意,但其暗含意思和用法又各有不同。

从意义上讲:

(1)appear强调外表给人的印象,有时含实质上并非如此的意思,如:

He appears to know more than he really does。他看起来好像懂得很多。(其实懂得没有那么多)

(2)seem暗示有一定根据的判断,这种判断往往接近事实,如:

His health seems to be better.他的健康状况似乎有所好转。

(3)look着重由视觉得出的印象,如:

He doesn’t look his age.他看起来比实际年龄年轻(或老成)。

从用法上讲:

seem和appear后可加

(to + be)+表语(adj.或n.或prep.)

+to v.

It + ~ +(that)从句如:

He seems/appears(to be)very sad today.=It seems that he is very sad today.

It seems like years since I saw you last time.

He seems a kind doctor.(=It seems that he is a kind doctor.)

He seems/appears to have caught a cold.=It seems/appears that he has caught a cold.

3、look

look当“看起来似乎…和as if从句。如:He looks strong.    She looks like her mother.    It looks as if we are going to miss the train.…”讲时,可接形容词、过去分词、名词、介词短语

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