高中基础读写时间:鲁滨逊的住所【上海学生英文报】

所属专题:上海学生英文报高中版  来源:上海学生英文报    要点:鲁滨逊·克鲁索的住所  
编辑点评: 鲁滨逊孤岛生存,建造属于自己的房子。严肃声明:本系列文章由《上海学生英文报》独家授权,如无授权,请勿转载。

Robinson Crusoe’s House
鲁滨逊·克鲁索的住所

(Adapted from Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe)
(节选自丹尼尔•笛福的《鲁滨逊漂流记》)

I’ve already described my habitation, which was a tent under the side of a rock, surrounded with a strong fence of posts and cables, but I might now rather call it a wall, for I raised a kink of wall up against it of turf, about two feet thick on the outside; and, after some time (I think it was a year and a half) I raised rafters from it, leaning to the rock, and covered it with boughs of trees and such things as I could get to keep out the rain, which I found at some times of the year very violent......
前面我已描述过自己的住所。那是一个搭在山岩下的帐篷,四周用木桩和缆索做成坚固的木栅环绕着。现在,我可以把木栅叫做围墙了,因为我在木栅外面用草皮堆成了一道两英尺来厚的墙,并在大约一年半的时间里,在围墙和岩壁之间搭了一些屋椽,上面盖些树枝或其他可以弄到的东西用来挡雨。因为,我发现,一年之中总有一段时间,大雨如注。

And so when I found that I was pretty safe as to beasts of prey, I worked sideways into the rock; and then, turning to the right again, worked quite out, and made me a door to come out on the outside of my fence. This gave me not only egress and regress, as it was a back way to my tent and to my storehouse, but gave me room to keep my goods. 
当我觉得围墙已加固得足以防御猛兽的袭击时,我便向岩壁右边挖去,然后再转向右面,直至把岩壁挖穿,通到围墙外面,做成了一个可供出入的门。 这样,我不但有了一个出入口,成了我帐篷和贮藏室的后门,而且有了更多的地方贮藏我的财富。

And now I began to make such necessary things as I found I most wanted, particularly a chair and a table; for without these I was not able to enjoy the few comforts I had in the world. I could not write or eat, or do several things with so much pleasure without a table.
现在,我开始着手制造日常生活应用的一些必需家具了,譬如说椅子和桌子,没有这两样家具,我连世上一些最起码的生活乐趣都无法享受。没有桌子,我写字吃饭无以为凭,其他不少事也无法做,生活就毫无乐趣可言。

So I went to work. I had never handled a tool in my life; and yet in time by labor, application, and contrivance, I found that I wanted nothing but I could have made it, especially if I had had tools; however, I made abundance of things, even without tools, and some with no more tools than an adz and a hatchet, which perhaps were never made that way before, and that with infinite labor. 
于是,我就开始工作。我一生从未使用过任何工具,但久而久之,以我的劳动、勤勉和发明设计的才能,我终于发现,我什么东西都能做,只要有适当的工具。然而,尽管我没有工具,也制造了许多东西,有些东西我制造时,仅用一把手斧和一把斧头。我想没有人会用我的方法制造东西,也没有人会像我这样付出无穷的劳力。

For example, if I wanted a board, I had no other way but to cut down a tree, set it before me, and cut it flat on either side with my ax till I had brought it to be as thin as a plank, and then dub it smooth with my adz.
譬如说,为了做块木板,我没有别的办法,只能去先砍倒一棵树,把树横放在我面前,再用斧头把两面削平,削成一块板的模样,然后再用手斧刮光。

It is true, by this method I could make but one board out of a whole tree; but this I had no remedy for but patience, any more than I had for the prodigious deal of time and labor which it took me to make a plank or board; but my time or labor was little worth, and so it was as well employed one way as another. 
确实,用这种方法,一棵树只能做一块木板,但这是没有办法的办法,我唯有用耐心才能完成,只有花费大量的时间和劳力才能做一块薄板或一块甲板;反正我的时间和劳动力都已不值钱了,怎么用都无所谓。

About the book
Robinson Crusoe 《鲁滨逊漂流记》 is a novel by English writer Daniel Defoe (1659-1731). First published in 1719, the book is a fictional autobiography of the title character—a castaway who spends 28 years on a remote tropical island, where he encounters cannibals, captives, and mutineers before being rescued.
《鲁滨逊漂流记》是英国作家丹尼尔•笛福(1659-1731)写的一部小说。1791年第一次出版,这本书是关于一个名叫书名的虚构人物的自传,他是一个海上遇难者,因此被困在一个偏远的热带孤岛 28年,直到被解救出来之前,他在岛上遇到过食人族,俘虏,和反叛者。

I. Theme-focused vocabulary
There are some key words that are closely related to the novel’s theme. Try to think about their implication and finish the table.

II. Answer the questions
1. Where was Robinson’s habitation located?
2. What did Robinson use to make a door and a board?
3. What does the author mean by “but this I had no remedy for but patience”? 

本期题目:

What did Robinson use to make a door and a board?

A with an adz and a hatchet

B with his ax

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