高三英语语法分类汇总:一般过去式

所属专题:高三英语语法分类汇总  来源:沪江英语    要点:一般过去时  
编辑点评: 一般过去式表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态,其动词通常用在动词原形的基础上变化而来的动词过去形式来表示。过去式表示的三种意义:1.过去发生的而现在已经结束的动作要用一般过去式来表示;2.表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;3.过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

 一般过去时

1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。

时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。

例:Where did you go just now?

2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。

例:When I was a child, I often played football in the street.
Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome.     

3)句型:

It is time for sb. to do sth 到……时间了,该……了
It is time sb. did sth. 时间已迟了,早该……了

例:It is time for you to go to bed. 你该睡觉了。
It is time you went to bed. 你早该睡觉了。

would (had) rather sb. did sth. 宁愿某人做某事

例:I'd rather you came tomorrow.

4)wish, wonder, think, hope 等用过去时,作试探性的询问、请求、建议等。

例:I thought you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。

【比较】

一般过去时表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在。

Christine was an invalid all her life.(含义:她已不在人间。)
Christine has been an invalid all her life.(含义:她现在还活着。)

Mrs. Darby lived in Kentucky for seven years.(含义:达比太太已不再住在肯塔基州。)
Mrs. Darby has lived in Kentucky for seven years.(含义:现在还住在肯塔基州,有可能指刚离去。)

注意:用过去时表现在,表示委婉语气。

1)动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。

例:Did you want anything else?
I wondered if you could help me.

2)情态动词 could, would.

例:Could you lend me your bike?

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