上海高考英语口试应试技巧

所属专题:高考英语口语考试  来源:互联网    要点:上海高考英语口试应试技巧  
编辑点评: 虽然英语口试采取的是人机对话模式,但阅卷老师还是很容易从考生的口头表达中掂量出“听、说、读”的基本功。口试与笔试最大的区别在于,前者需要考生在答题时投入更多的即时情感,因此,从这一点来说,更需要考生冷静、机智地对许多问题做出瞬间的判断和处理,从而给“幕后考官”一个良好的印象分。

一.第一部分快速应答

此部分主要为考察日常生活中最主要的语言功能,在历届上海高考口试中其考点一般可分为12项,这12项为:

Greetings问候

aking Introductions介绍

Saying Good-bye告别

Making Requests and Giving Instructions请求

Giving Thanks致谢

Asking for Permission允许

Showing Agreement or disagreement同意不同意

Giving Invitations发出邀请

Asking Direction问题

Expressing Good Wishes祝愿

Requesting and Offering Help请求与帮助

Making Apologies道歉 

考生若要高分,则必须将这12个部分的相关表达,练习熟练,这样才能在实考中迎刃而解。

例如:(在实考中,考生听见)

题目:Some of the lessons are rather dull.

考生反应:这是一个考showing agreement or

disagreement型试题,因此马上在脑海中出现这一方面的准备回答用语(已记熟)

如:That’s sure / I agree with you. / That’s exactly. / What I was
thinking. / I think so.

(补一句)I don’t like the lessons at all.

I’m tired of listening to these lessons. 

二.第二部分 提问题

道正认为这部分试题主要对给定的情景进行提问(用特殊疑问句)这部分应试关键在于划分给定句子成份,针对不同成份预先设计问题,实考中将中心词摸去即可。下面举一个用名词提问方式:

例:One more underground line has been built recently in Shanghai。分析:本句结构可分解成如下几部分。

One more underground line(主语)

思路:名词应含组成件,每一条line必有stop,因此提问:

How many stops does this new line have?

思路:并且每一条线都有终点与起点,因此提问:

Where is the terminal of this new line?

思路:第一条地铁线都有方位/方向,因此提问:

Can we go to Pudong by this new line.

其他思路:地点有无工作人员,司机若干,车票如何

总结,这一部分只要将句子任一组成部分深入展开,寻找细节,则解题方法极多。 

三.口头表达

此部分占整个口试考试30%,是口试中的重点与难点,该部分应试方法主要关键在于将上海高考口试中的对应部分试题归类,然后事先可收集该分类的相关表达,便可取得高分。
根据上海道正学校对上海卷研究,一般可将试卷分成五大考点:

1.家乡问题
Describe one place of interest in your hometown.
What do you think of the weather in your hometown?
Do you like living in the city? Why?

2.有关社会问题

What do you think we can do to protect our environment?

What can we do to make our city more beautiful?

What do you think if everyone in a big city owns a car?

What’s your opinion of keeping a dog in a big city? Why or why not?

Are you in favour of smoking? Why or why not?

What do you think of the problem of generation gap?

Are you in favor of running red light? Why or why not?

Do you enjoy watching ads on TV? Why or why not?

3.有关教育/学校/生活

How do you get along with your classmates?

What kind of book do you like to read? Why?

Which do you think is the best way to learn English?

Do you think it necessary for students to take exams? Why or why
not?

What do you know about today’s education?

4.有关休闲与爱好

Do you like watching cartoons on TV? Tell the reasons.

What kind of sports do you like best> tell the reasons.

Do you like watching football matches? Why or why not?

What do you think is the best way to relax?

5.有关人物的话题

Say something about a teacher you like. Why do you like him(or
her)?

Who is your best friend? Say something about him (or her).

另外,这一部分也非常像口头作文,考生可按作文模式整理思路及模型。

如题:Talk about some changes in Shanghai over the past 10 years.

思路:(上海变化)——衍化出:

1. 浦东开发The development of Pudong

2. 南浦大桥Nanpu Bridge

3. 地铁underground line

4. 交通改善Traffic has improved

5. 市容变化The city becomes more beautiful

6. 上海博物馆/大剧院the Shanghai Grand Theatre / the Shanghai Museum

7. 拆除旧房子pull down old houses

8. 过江隧道 three tunnels

结论:此部分关键在于事先组织材料,实考时,对应回答即可  

四.看图说明

这个部分关键在于6个W (who, what, which, when, where, why)与1个H(how),因此考生回答时就可按上述几个问题形式,组织自己的材料,然后合理给出解。

如下题:

解 法:

第一步:(介绍人称)

The man in the picture was John, and he was a computer scientist.

第二步:(时间)

One day. (one Sunny day)

第三步:(行为)

John was designing programs for his robot and want robot to play
chess with him.(第一幅结束)

第四步:(行为)

Now John and his robot were playing together. Very soon the robot
won 3 games continually. The score was 0 to 3. John, of course, was
very unpleased. So he changed the programs and make the robot less
clever.(第二、三幅结束)

第五步:(行为)

They played again and this time the robot was defeated.

第六步:(总结)

This shows, I think, robot will never become more clever than men because they are designed, made and controlled by men.

总结:道正强烈推荐考生事先按上述模型整理程序,按部就班,一切就OK
推荐模式:

1. 人物介绍

2. 时间//场景引入

3. 第一步动作

4. 转换动作

5. 最后动作

6. 结论评定(发表意见) 

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