高考英语听力辅导:抓住话语中的指示词

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编辑点评: 意流指示词是指在句子开头或句子与句子之间具有逻辑关系的某些连词、副词或词组。如yes ,sure, certainly, of course, no, sorry, well, not really, why not, but, however, yet, besides 等。请不要小看这些词或词组,它们连接的句子或句子成分往往是说话人要强调的内容。

抓住话语中的意流指示词

意流指示词是指在句子开头或句子与句子之间具有逻辑关系的某些连词、副词或词组。如yes ,sure, certainly, of course, no, sorry, well, not really, why not, but, however, yet, besides 等。请不要小看这些词或词组,它们连接的句子或句子成分往往是说话人要强调的内容。

1) 语气性意流指示词(转折类)

其中yes , no, sure, certainly, sorry等表明说话人态度与反应的语气性意流指示词。一般说来,如果在句子开头听到yes , sure, certainly,of course则表明说话人对某事的肯定或赞许;如果是no, not really, sorry,I am afraid则表明说话人对某事反对或不同意。这样根据对话中的意流指示词,我们可以知道说话人的基本态度。

【例3】

W:Have you finished your homework yet, Bill?

M: No, and I'm not going to.

Q: Will the man do his homework?

A) Yes, he may do it.

B) No, he doesn't want to do it.

C) Yes, he will by all means.

根据男方在回答时出现的“no”,我们即可排除选择项中肯定性的答案A、C,选择与听力原文意思相近的答案B。

【例4】

W:Do you remember the film about “Gone with the Wind”that was on TV last week?

M: Sure. We watched it together.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

A) The man saw a film in the cinema.

B) Both of them watched the film on TV last week.

C) The film will be shown on TV next week.

女方问是否记得上周在电视上播放的“乱世佳人”时,男方首先用sure这个肯定性意流指示词,表示同意女方的话题,接着又出现了together,因此很容易确定B为正确答案。

这里需要注意的是,如果speaker 1以Would you mind doing sth. 提问,则yes ,no的用法与上面所说的意思相反。

【例5】

M: Excuse me, do you mind my sitting here?

W: Oh, no, of course not.

Q: What does the woman's answer mean?

A) She doesn't want him to sit beside her.

B) She doesn't like him at all.

C) Please sit down.

由于would you mind doing sth.是“你介意不介意”的否定性问句,回答时用“no”,是不介意的意思,表示同意,因此C为正确答案。如果女方回答时用yes,说明她介意,也就是表示反对。

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