2014高考英语阅读理解特训:低碳经济

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Low­ carbon Economy
低碳经济

Developed and developing nations can learn from each other seeking a low­carbon economy,a Chinese government official said in Shanghai yesterday.
一位中国政府官员昨天在上海表示,发达国家和发展中国家可以互相学习¬寻求发展低碳经济。

“China doesn't lag developed nations in terms of energy saving and green economy”,said Zhou Changyi,director of the energy saving department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. “
中国在节能和绿色经济上并没有落后于发达国家”, 周长益是工业与信息化部节能与综合利用司长说。

“While we can learn many aspects from developed nations,they also should learn something from us,such as water conservation,” Zhou said in a speech during the new Path of China's Industrilization forum at the ongoing China International Industry Fair 2009. “
我们可以从发达国家学习很多方面的技术,他们也能从我们身上学到一些东西,如节约用水,”周长益在一次演讲中说道, 那是2009年中国国际工业博览会正在进行的一个关于中国新路径的产业化论坛。

He said industrilized nations and China are dealing with different issues to combat climate change. The United Kingdom,for example,is concerned about transport,buildings and new energy in reducing carbon emmissions. For China,the most urgent task is how to realize new­type of industrilization and avoid mistakes that other countries made when they industrilized.
他说,工业化国家和中国通过处理不同的问题来应对气候变化。例如,英国通过解决交通、建筑和新能源的问题来减少碳排放。对中国来说,最紧迫的任务是如何实现新¬型工业化,避免犯下其它国家工业化时的错误。

As such,overseas exhibitors at this year's fair are showing ways to help China achieve low carbon emissions in the industrial section.
因此, 在今年的交易会海外参展商通过各种方式帮助中国实现工业部分低碳排放。

Swiss power and automation technology group ABB called for a stronger focus on product life­cycle assesment,or LCA,which is used to study the environmental impact of a product from the research and manufaturing stage through its usage and recycling.
瑞士的电力和自动化技术ABB集团呼吁人们更加关注产品¬生命周期评价,或LCA, 一种通过其使用和回收,用于研究的环境影响和生产阶段的产品。

Tobias Becker,head of ABB's process automation division for North Asia and China,said LCA is an effective tool in helping manufacturing industries to reduce carbon emissions.
托拜厄斯•贝克尔,ABB集团在北亚和中国的过程自动化部主管,说LCA是一种帮助制造业减少碳排放的有效工具。

LCA shows that industrial customers should focus on a product's environmental impact throughout its life­cycle instead of on its initial investment or ready­to­use stage. For example,a motor's initial investment accounts for only 3 percent of its life­cycle cost,while 94 percent goes to fuel consumption and the rest to maintenance.
LCA表明工业客户应该关注产品整个生产¬周期对环境的影响,而不是初始投资或准备¬¬使用阶段。例如,一辆汽车的原始投资只占生产周期成本的3%,而94%的投资在燃料消耗和其余的维护上。

Richard Hausmann,North East Asia CEO of Siemens,said,“The color of future industrilization is green.”
西门子东北亚的首席执行官理查德•豪斯曼说,“未来产业化的主色调是绿色的。”

The Germany Company recently announces that it wants to receive orders worth more than 6 billion Euros (US 8.8 billion) for intelligent net power networks,Smart Grid,over the next five years. Siemens has set a 20 per cent market share target for the global smart grid business.
德国公司最近宣布,最近五年里,它想要接收价值超过60亿欧元(合88亿美元)的智能电网的订单。西门子已制定目标占有全球智能电网20%的市场份额。

A smart grid delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using digital technology,advanced sensors specialized computers that save energy,reduce costs and increase reliability. The Uni ted States and China are considered the two biggest markets for smart grid.
智能电网使用数字技术和先进的传感器专业计算机提供电力,从供应商到消费者,这样既能节省能源,又能降低成本,提高可靠性。美国和中国是消费智能电网最大的两个市场。

 

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