100句搞定高考7000词:第10期

所属专题:100句搞定高考英语7000词汇  来源:沪江部落    要点:100句搞定高考核心词汇  
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【句子】

The knee is the joints where the thigh bone meets the large bone of the lower leg.

膝盖是大腿骨和小腿胫的连接处。

【解析】

1. where

1)where引导定语从句时是作关系副词,在从句里代替先行词充当地点状语的成分,相当于介词(in / at / on / ...)+which。

① Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to the only planet _where_ life has developed gradually. (2010福建卷,24)

② The girl arranged to have piano lessons at the training centre with her sister _where_ she would stay for an hour. (2010 江西卷,31)

2)在近年来高考英语对于where的考查中,先行词不仅仅是限于明显的表示具体地点的名词,也有表模糊化地点或表抽象化地点的名词,在这一类先行词后也可由where引导定语从句,在定语从句中作状语。这类模糊化的或表抽象的地点名词有:point, position, situation, condition, state,atmosphere, case, scene, business, stage等。例如:

① I have reached a point in my life _where__ I am supposed to make decisions of my own. (2009 浙江卷,14)

②It’s helpful to put children in a situation _where__ they can see themselves differently. (2009 福建卷,24)

3)在定语从句中,where还可以作介词的宾语,即由“介词+where”引导定语从句。例如:

She stood near the window, _from where__ she could see what happened.

4) where引导地点状语从句时是作从属连词,意为“在……的地方”或“到……的地方”。

Today, we will begin _where__ we stopped yesterday, so that no point will be left out. (2010重庆卷,32)

【注意】
1.指具体地点时,地点状语从句可置于主句之前或之后;表示抽象条件的含义时,地点状语从句须放在主句之前。

①Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。
②Wherever there I smoke, there is a fire. 无风不起浪。

2. 另外要特别注意区分where引导的地点状语从句与定语从句:

— Mom, what did your doctor say?
— He advised me to live _where__ the air is fresher. (2006 四川卷,23)

2.joint

1)接头,接缝;接合点

He suffers from arthritis in his leg joints.
他的腿有关节炎。

2)关节

The pipe was rusted at the joint.
管子的接合处生锈了。

3)联合的,共同的

By their joint efforts they managed to complete the project on time.
他们通过共同努力总算按时完成了计划。

4)合办的,共有的

We have opened a joint account at the bank.
我们在银行开了一个共有的帐户。

3.thigh

n. 1.股,大腿 2.(昆虫的)股节;(鸟的)腿部 3.大腿骨

The large muscle at the back of the thigh that flexes the knee joint.
大腿后侧使膝关节屈曲的大型肌肉。

【练习】

The place ___ the bridge is supposed to be built should be ___ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. (2005 江苏卷,32)

A. which, where  B. at which, which  C. at which, where  D. which, in which

 

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